AML

     Notes: Manufactured by the French firm of Panhard, the 4x4 AML comes in several types:  The AML-90 is armed with a French 90mm gun, the AML-60/12 with a 60mm gun/mortar and M-2HB, and the AML-60/20 with a 20mm autocannon and 60mm gun/mortar.  Both versions have a door on each side, and a hatch on top of the turret for the commander and gunner.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

AML-90 (Gas)

$149,812

G, A

400 kg

5.5 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-90 (Diesel)

$149,832

D, A

400 kg

5.5 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-60-7 (Gas)

$106,352

G, A

400 kg

4.5 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-60-7 (Diesel)

$106,372

D, A

400 kg

4.55 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-60-12 (Gas)

$95,722

G, A

400 kg

4.3 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-60-12 (Diesel)

$95,742

D, A

400 kg

4.3 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-60-20 (Gas)

$197,084

G, A

400 kg

4.8 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

AML-60-20 (Diesel)

$197,104

D, A

400 kg

4.85 tons

3

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

AML-90 (Gas)

152/60

38/15

156

65

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-90 (Diesel)

156/62

39/16

156

34

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-60-7 (Gas)

170/68

43/17

156

65

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-60-7 (Diesel)

176/70

44/18

156

34

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-60-12 (Gas)

166/66

42/17

156

65

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-60-12 (Diesel)

180/72

45/18

156

34

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-60-20 (Gas)

135/54

34/14

156

65

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

AML-60-20 (Diesel)

141/57

35/14

156

34

Trtd

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF3  HS2  HR2

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

AML-90 (Both)

+1

Basic

90mm French Gun, AAT-F1

20x90mm, 2000x7.62mm

AML-60-7 (Both)

+1

Basic

60mm Gun/Mortar, 2xAAT-F1

53x60mm, 3800x7.62mm

AML-60-12 (Both)

+1

Basic

60mm Gun/Mortar, M-2HB

43x60mm,1300x.50

AML-60-20 (Both)

+1

Basic

60mm Gun/Mortar, 20mm M-693 Autocannon

43x60mm, 500x20mm

 

AMX-10RC

     Notes: This reconnaissance vehicle first equipped French forces in 1976.  The AMX-10RC has been described as more of a light wheeled tank than a scout car, with its powerful 105mm gun.  Production of the first version stopped in 1994, with all versions after that being the upgraded AMX-10RC 105 TML versions (q.v.).  Due to its comprehensive communications suite, battle management system, and upgraded night vision, it was highly valued by French officers as a command vehicle as well as a scout vehicle.  Other users include Morocco (where they make up a substantial part of the armored forces of that country) and Qatar.  Many of the automotive components of the AMX-10RC are the same as on the AMX-10P tracked armored personnel carrier, with about 40% parts commonality, especially in the engine, transmission, and steering mechanisms.  The AMX-10RC has air conditioning and heating. The first half of production used a French-made gun, while later vehicles had a gun that fires NATO standard ammunition.  The driverís hatch is in the front center of the vehicle, and there are two hatches on the turret deck for the commander and loader.  Though it is not a part of the vehicle as delivered, it was a common practice to equip these hatches with weapon mounts.

     The AMX-10RC 105 TML is a progressive upgrade of the AMX-10RC armored reconnaissance vehicle, with appliquť armor, upgraded night vision, improved stabilization, and an optional Battle Management System for a commander to keep track of his units and enemy units on a computerized system.  A more powerful engine has been installed to cope with the extra weight.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: Most of the French vehicles were deployed by the Foreign Legion, with about 50 being retained for use on the Franco-German border and 25 elsewhere in France. 

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

AMX-10RC

$248,649

D, A

500 kg

15.88 tons

4

5

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Shielded

AMX-10RC (Late)

$328,649

D, A

500 kg

15.96 tons

4

5

Passive IR, Image Intensification, Thermal Imaging

Shielded

AMX-10RC 105 TML

$320,121

D, A

400 kg

19.63 tons

4

6

Image Intensification, Thermal Imaging

Shielded

AMX-10RC 105 TML (Upgraded)

$336,127

D, A

400 kg

19.63 tons

4

7

Image Intensification, Thermal Imaging

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

AMX-10RC (Both)

124/50

31/13/3

720

85

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS6  TR6  HF8  HS4  HR4

AMX-10RC 105 TML (Both)

126/50

32/13

720

106

Trtd

W(4)

TF11Sp  TS8Sp  TR7  HF14Sp  HS7Sp  HR5

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

AMX-10RC

+3

Fair

105mm French Gun, AAT-F1

38x105mm, 4000x7.62mm

AMX-10RC (Late)

+3

Fair

105mm M-68 Gun, AAT-F1

38x105mm, 4000x7.62mm

AMX-10RC 105 TML

+4

Fair

105mm M-68 Gun, AAT-F1

38x105mm, 4000x7.62mm

AMX-10RC 105 TML (Upgraded)

+4

Good

105mm M-68 Gun, AAT-F1

38x105mm, 4000x7.62mm

 

EBR

     Notes: This is one of the first armored vehicles built in France after the Second World War, but it is based on a pre-World War 2 design, much improved and updated with the technology of the post-war world.  Even so, it is a very old design, almost totally replaced by 2000 in the French Army by the AMX-10RC, and found primarily in the hands of Mauritania, Morocco (in small numbers), Portugal, and Tunisia.  The EBR has a low profile with four roadwheels and four steel-rimmed floating wheels to ease travel over rough terrain and prevent bottoming out.  A novel feature is the front and rear driver stations; the EBR is capable of being driven with equal speed and maneuverability in either direction; however, the Moroccans and Tunisians tend to fill the rear driverís position with supplies and leave the second driver at home (allowing an extra 150 kg to be carried).  There are hatches in the front and back decks for the two drivers, and two hatches on the turret deck for the commander and gunner.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$176,663

G, A

400 kg

13.5 tons

4

5

Active/Passive IR

Enclosed

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

122/50

31/13

380

117

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS6  TR6  HF8  HS4  HR4

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+2

Basic

90mm French Gun, AAT-52, AAT-52 (F), AAT-52 (R)

43x90mm, 2000x7.5mm

 

ERC-90

     Notes: The ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 1 was the first form of the ERC-90, adopted by France in 1980 for the Foreign Legion, Marines, Mountain, and airborne forces, and later sold to the Ivory Coast and Nigeria.  They are basic 6x6 armored cars topped by large turrets mounting 90mm guns.  Starting in 1987, the gasoline engines in the French version were replaced by diesel engines; by the early-1990s, most of these conversions were complete.  Not all models of the Sagaie 1 are amphibious, but about half of those manufactured are, and they can enter the water after about 3 minutes of preparation.  The driverís hatch is on the right side of the hull, and the commander and gunnerís hatches are on the turret deck. 

     The ERC-2 F4 Sagaie 2 is a standard ERC-90 (which is known as the Sagaie) with two engines fitted in place of the standard gasoline engine.  These are usually diesel engines, though gasoline engines are available.  The only known customer of this version was Gabon.  Its larger tires can distinguish this version.

     This version is used by Mexico.  It uses a different turret and gun (but also of 90mm caliber), and carries more ammunition.  It is equipped with a laser rangefinder.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: Some Sagaie 2s were diverted for French use from shipments originally meant for Gabon.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 1 (Gas)

$146,736

G, A

300 kg

8.3 tons

3

3

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Enclosed

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 1 (Diesel)

$146,596

D, A

300 kg

8.2 tons

3

3

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Enclosed

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 2 (Gas)

$147,241

G, A

300 kg

8.75 tons

3

4

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Enclosed

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 2 (Diesel)

$146,886

D, A

300 kg

8.45 tons

3

4

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Enclosed

ERC-90 F1 Lynx (Gas)

$170,586

G, A

300 kg

7.6 tons

3

3

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Shielded

ERC-90 F1 Lynx (Diesel)

$170,436

D, A

300 kg

7.45 tons

3

3

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 1 (Gas)

148/60

37/15/4

242

113

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS7  TR6  HF8  HS6  HR4

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 1 (Diesel)

126/50

32/13/3

242

43

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS7  TR6  HF8  HS6  HR4

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 2 (Gas)

224/90

56/23/6

242

214

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS7  TR6  HF8  HS6  HR4

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 2 (Diesel)

172/68

43/17/5

242

72

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS7  TR6  HF8  HS6  HR4

ERC-90 F1 Lynx (Gas)

142/58

36/15/4

242

98

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS7  TR6  HF8  HS6  HR4

ERC-90 F1 Lynx (Diesel)

116/46

29/12/3

242

34

Trtd

W(3)

TF6  TS7  TR6  HF8  HS6  HR4

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 1 (Both)

+1

Fair

90mm French Gun, AAT-F1, AAT-F1 (C)

20x90mm, 2000x7.62mm

ERC-90 F4 Sagaie 2 (Both)

+2

Fair

90mm French Gun, AAT-F1, AAT-F1 (C)

20x90mm, 2000x7.62mm

ERC-90 F1 Lynx (Both)

+3

Fair

90mm F1 Gun, MAG, MAG (C)

30x90mm, 3000x7.62mm

 

RPX 6000

     Notes: This is another one of those vehicles that the French have offered for export. It can be fitted with a variety of turrets, and several different types were employed by the Legion.  It is light enough to be air dropped, and is fast. 

     Twilight 2000 Notes: This French-made vehicle was originally designed for export, but when the Foreign Legion deployed to the Middle East, quantities of this scout car were deployed with them, and used for reconnaissance.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Milan Turret

$56,716

G, AvG, A

775 kg

6.8 tons

3

4

Passive IR, Image Intensification, WL Spotlight

Enclosed

BTM-208 Turret

$54,109

G, AvG, A

775 kg

7 tons

3

2

Passive IR, Image Intensification, WL Spotlight

Enclosed

20mm Turret

$151,606

G, AvG, A

775 kg

7.26 tons

3

2

Passive IR, Image Intensification, WL Spotlight

Enclosed

Mortar Turret

$87,718

G, AvG, A

775 kg

7.83 tons

3

3

Passive IR, Image Intensification, WL Spotlight

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Milan Turret

204/82

51/21/5

250

132

Trtd

W(3)

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF5  HS3  HR3

BTM-208 Turret

200/80

50/20/5

250

132

Trtd

W(3)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF5  HS3  HR3

20mm Turret

150/60

38/15/4

250

135

Trtd

W(3)

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF5  HS3  HR3

Mortar Turret

188/74

47/18/5

250

132

Trtd

W(3)

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF5  HS3  HR3

 

Milan Turret

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Milan Turret

+2

None

2xMilan II Launchers, AAT-F1 (C)

10xMilan II ATGM, 1200x7.62mm

BTM-208 Turret

+1

Basic

M-2HB, AAT-F1

1675x.50, 2700x7.62mm

20mm Turret

+2

Fair

20mm M-621 Autocannon, AAT-F1

500x20mm, 2000x7.62mm

Mortar Turret

+2

Basic

60mm Gun/Mortar, AAT-F1

45x60mm, 2700x7.62mm

 

VBC-90

     Notes: The VBC-90 is a French-built, 6x6, armored car, intended for both domestic use and the export market.  It features a driverís hatch on the front deck, and commander and gunnerís hatches on the turret deck.  It has an extremely high road speed, but suffers in cross-country performance due to its size. 

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$184,343

D, A

300 kg

12.8 tons

3

5

Active/Passive IR

Enclosed

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

162/64

41/16

360

85

Trtd

W(3)

TF5  TS5  TR4  HF6  HS4  HR3

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+2

Basic

90mm French Gun, AAT-F1, AAT-F1 (C)

45x90mm, 4000x7.62N

 

VBL

     Notes: This French light armored is basically an armored jeep-like vehicle with a multipurpose weapon mount on the roof and a modular interior construction that allows it to fulfill a variety of roles.  They were first place in French service in 1985, and were then sold to several other countries.  They can be fitted with a bewildering variety of weapon options, from light machineguns to light autocannons, grenade launchers to ATGM launchers.  Variants include the various weapon carriers (used as scout vehicles), a ground surveillance radar carrier, command vehicles, communications posts, and the ATGM carriers, which are covered in the Self-Propelled Guns section.  There is a door on either side of the cab, a hatch on the roof for the gunner, hatches on the roof for the commander and gunner, and a door on the rear of the vehicle.  The VBL is, in most cases, equipped with air conditioning and heating.  The LRAC-89, while issued with the vehicle, is not on a weapon mount.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: VBLs were being built at the rate of 40 per month at the time of the Twilight War and by 1995, over 1500 were in use by the French armed forces alone.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

LMG

$28,930

D, A

400 kg

3.55 tons

2+1

1

Passive IR

Enclosed

HMG

$33,545

D, A

400 kg

3.55 tons

2+1

1

Passive IR

Enclosed

20mm

$36,566

D, A

400 kg

3.56 tons

2+1

1

Passive IR

Enclosed

30mm

$42,775

D, A

400 kg

3.57 tons

2+1

1

Passive IR

Enclosed

GL

$43,429

D, A

400 kg

3.56 tons

2+1

1

Passive IR

Enclosed

GSR Carrier

$46,308

D, A

400 kg

3.43 tons

3

3

Passive IR

Enclosed

Command/Commo

$34,372

D, A

400 kg

3.56 tons

3

3

Passive IR

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

LMG/HMG/20mm/GL

192/76

48/19/5

120

35

Stnd

W(2)

HF4  HS2  HR2

30mm

190/76

48/19/5

120

35

Stnd

W(2)

HF4  HS2  HR2

GSR Carrier

176/70

44/18/5

120

37

Stnd

W(2)

HF4  HS2  HR2

Command/Commo

188/74

47/19/5

120

35

Stnd

W(2)

HF4  HS2  HR2

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

LMG/Command

None

None

AAT-52, AAT-F1, or MAG (C), LRAC-89

4000x7.5mm or 7.62mm, 12x89mm Rockets

HMG

None

None

M-2HB or BRG-15 (C), LRAC-89

2400x.50 or 2000x15.2mm, 12x89mm Rockets

20mm

None

None

20mm M-621 Autocannon, LRAC-89

1500x20mm, 12x89mm Rockets

30mm

None

None

30mm ASP-30 or M-781 Autocannon, LRAC-89

1000x30mm, 12x89mm Rockets

GL

None

None

Mk 19 or HK GMG AGL, LRAC-89

750x40mm Grenades, 12x89mm Rockets

GSR Carrier/Commo

None

None

AAT-52, AAT-F1, or MAG (C)

2000x7.62mm

 

VBL LWB

     Notes: This is a stretched version of the Panhard VBL scout car.  The LWB version has a crew of up to 4 and carries more ammunition, and in some cases, heavier weapons.  It is otherwise the same as the standard VBL M-11.  The LWB VBL has a total of 4 roof hatches, two in the front and two in the rear.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Patrol

$32,622

D, A

450 kg

3.82 tons

2+2

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

Scout 1

$48,888

D, A

450 kg

3.93 tons

2+2

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

Scout 2

$44,718

D, A

450 kg

3.93 tons

2+2

2

Passive IR

Enclosed

Command

$33,122

D, A

450 kg

3.82 tons

4

4

Passive IR

Enclosed

GSR/ASR

$50,433

D, A

450 kg

3.8 tons

4

4

Passive IR

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Patrol

178/72

45/18/5

130

34

Stnd

W(2)

HF4  HS2  HR2

Scout 1/2, Command

174/70

44/18/5

130

34

CiH

W(2)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF4  HS2  HR2

GSR/ASR

162/64

41/16/4

130

36

Stnd

W(2)

HF4  HS2  HR2

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Patrol

None

None

AAT-F1 or MAG (C), LRAC-89

3300x7.62mm, 12x89mm Rockets

Scout 1

+2

Fair

20mm M-621 Autocannon, AAT-F1, LRAC-89

600x20mm, 1600x7.62mm, 12x89mm Rockets

Scout 2

+2

Fair

M-2HB, AAT-F1, LRAC-89

1000x.50, 1600x7.62mm, 12x89mm Rockets

Command

None

None

AAT-F1 or MAG (C)

2950x7.62mm

GSR/ASR

None

None

AAT-F1 or MAG (C)

3000x7.62mm