Arrowpointe Dragoon-300

    Notes:  The Dragoon-300 is based on the hull of the LFV-90 Dragoon reconnaissance car and fire support vehicle.  Preliminary design work began in the late 1970s, with Arrowpoint and a partner company, Verne, and was based broadly on the Cadillac Gage V-100 and V-150 vehicles.  The Dragoon-300 (and the LFV-90) was designed in response to a US Army requirement, but the US Army and Navy acquired only 13 of them between them; however, Turkey, Thailand, and Venezuela use several variants of the Dragoon-300.  US Army versions (six of them) were procured in several configurations for use in the 9th ID when it was still a test division -- 9th ID was particularly interested in the MEWS version. Some US police departments also use unarmed versions of the Dragoon-300. Production took place most of the 1980 decade, but has long since stopped, and most spare parts for the Dragoon-300 are actually made in Spain.  It should be noted that Arrowpointe was taken over by GDLS in the 1990s.  Further development led to the Textron ASV-150 (see below).

 

The Basic Dragoon-300

     The driver and commander are in the front, with the driver on the right and commander beside him.  They have a small bullet-resistant windshield in front of them, and vision blocks to the sides.  Vision blocks are also present in front of the hatches for use when the vehicle is buttoned up. They have hatches above them and can also reach their stations trough the troop compartment.  Their hatches have night vision blocks, which can be removed and replaced with an armored block.  The driver has a conventional control set, though he has power brakes.  The driver and commander have electrically-powered raising and lowering of their seats.

     Troops enter and exit through wide doors on either side, and they have three hatches on the hull deck.  The troops sit down the sides of the vehicle and have two firing ports on each side and one in the rear. These are not true firing ports, but merely shuttered openings in the hull. They have folding seats, allowing for more cargo or standing troops to be carried in an emergency. The Dragoon-300 has air conditioning as standard.  The Dragoon-300 has a heater, and this heater has a booster for the driver/commander compartment.

     The gunner’s station and armament can vary greatly, from a simple cupola with a pintle-mounted weapon to a turret with a heavy machinegun.  Armament includes a pintle-mounted APC, a turret-mounted heavy machinegun, the LFV-40 and LFV-50 have either a turret similar to that of the AAPV-7A1 or a modified version armed with a heavy and light machinegun, and three which are armed with progressively heavier autocannons.  Vision equipment varies by turret, but they all have similar fire control and stabilization features.  All are one-man turrets with a hatch on top for the gunner.

     The Dragoon-300 borrows the starter, vision blocks, bilge pumps, control knobs and electrical and hydraulic components from the M-113A2 APC; automotively, many components are the same as on the M-809 medium truck, particularly in the suspension.  The engine of the Dragoon-300 is a Detroit Diesel 6V-53T 300-horsepower turbocharged diesel engine (again, a modified version of that of the M-113), coupled to an automatic transmission. The Dragoon-300 has a flood-type Halon fire suppression system, but this must be manually triggered.  There is one for the troop/front compartment and one for the engine compartment.  The suspension is 4x4 and of the off-road-type, and the Dragoon-300 has run-flat tires and central tire pressure regulation.  Armor is moderate, but angling of the front and sides helps the situation, giving it protection greater than might be expected for such a vehicle.  Armor is acceptable for such a vehicle, though appliqué armor kits are available.  All Dragoon-300s and variants have a front-mounted winch with a capacity of 5 tons and 53.34 meters of cable.  The Dragoon-300 is amphibious, powered by wheel rotation in the water, and steered by the front wheels as if on land.  Bilge pumps must be turned on before entering the water, but other than that, there is no preparation required for amphibious operations (and turning on the bilge pumps only requires the flipping of a switch by the driver).  The driver may also fully inflate the tires using the central tire inflation system before amphibious operations to increase flotation, an operation that requires only 15 seconds. Amphibious speed is slow, and steering response is sluggish.

 

The Dragoon-300 APC-Type Variants

     The ACV (Armored Command Vehicle) is a standard sort of armored command vehicle, though interior space is short and therefore equipment and personnel are more restricted.  The ACV has a long-range radio with data capability, one more long-range radio, a medium-range radio, and a short-range radio for general use.  The ACV has a ruggedized long-range radio and a GPS receiver.  It has storage for maps and for office/plotting-type supplies, a map board, and carriage for a folding table, three folding chairs, and a small tent to extend working space (normally carried above the right hull door).  On the hull roof near the rear is a 3kW generator. Above the hull is a communications harness which includes the normal radios, and this gives the radios more range than vehicular radio installations normally provide.  A radio mast is carried which may be erected during halts.  The ACV is armed with a simple cupola with a pintle mount.

     The MEWS (Mobile Electronic Warfare System) is packed with electronic warfare equipment, including radio and radar-finding equipment and analysis, MIJI (Meaconing, Intrusion, Jamming, and Interference) capability, as well as visual surveillance capability to allow it to act as a scout vehicle.  Radio detection range is 50 km, with radar detection range being 30 km.  The MEWS can produce a radio jamming signal over three bands (out of a total is six) of radio at a range of 40 km, or simple interference (such as random static or dropped signals) over 50 km.  Intrusion, meaconing, and interception of enemy signals can be made at a range of 30 km.  The MEWS has an extendable antenna to facilitate these functions, as well as a small computer related to its functions with digital storage.  The MEWS has an enlarged turret armed with an autocannon, which houses enhanced night vision gear, day vision gear, and a set of video cameras.  The MEWS has a short-range radio and two long-range radios with data capability to transmit the data from its radio interceptions and visual surveillance activities.  Atop the commander’s position is a ring mount for a light machinegun.  The MEWS carries a 10kW generator on the rear roof to power vehicle systems while the engine is off.  This APU has an exhaust and noise dampening system attached to it, and the entire vehicle uses IR dampening measures.

     The ALSV (Armored Logistics Support Vehicle) is sort of an armored truck version of the Dragoon-300.  In this version, the rear area of the Dragoon-300 is replaced by a large open-topped area, sometimes covered with canvas bows and a tarp cover.  The load bed is designed for standard containers, and has rollers and tie-down and lock-down points for cargo.  The sides and rear of the load area drop to help offload cargo.  The ALSV has a materiel-handling crane with a capacity of one ton.  The armament of the ALSV is shifted to a pintle mount by the commander’s hatch, which carries a light machinegun.  Appliqué armor for the ALSV is applied only cab/forward area and the floor.

     The ASV (Armored Security Vehicle), also known as the Patroller, is the version of the Dragoon APC that is in service with several US law enforcement agencies.  The vehicle is a little higher to allow standing, and the weapon mount is replaced with a rotating box that carries the surveillance equipment.   The windows are larger, as are the firing ports and vision blocks; the windows are bullet-resistant.  The vehicle is equipped with several surveillance devices, including a low-light TV, video camera, VCR or digital storage equipment, computer, shotgun microphone, and night vision gear.  Common modifications to the ASV include the installation of a ramming bumper and pole, extra protection for vehicle lights, one or more spotlights, flashing lights and sirens, and PA systems.  Gas evacuation systems are also sometimes installed, as are obstacle-clearing blades at the front.  These blades are not strong enough to dig emplacements or clear mines, but can provide a bonus of 8Sp if they are hit (25% chance). ASVs cannot use appliqué armor.

 

The Dragoon 2

     The Dragoon 2 is an improved version of the Dragoon-300, with improvements from the minor to the major.  Improvements included better tires and a beefier suspension, improved headlights and other exterior lighting, improved brush guards, upgraded heating and air conditioning (which requires less power consumption), a better instrument panel layout for the driver, an improved electrical system, some IR dampening features, a feature to help empty the interior of gas (not the same as full overpressure), and improved frontal and belly armor.  The Dragoon 2 was introduced in 1997, but no sales have been made; so far, only the basic APC version has been shown in full performance versions.

 

     Twilight 2000 Notes: The Dragoon 2 in the Twilight 2000 timeline has been acquired primarily by some security concerns, such as those patrolling nuclear power plants, as USAF security vehicles for ICBM farms, and by the US Navy for patrolling docks (particularly those berthing nuclear subs and aircraft carriers).  The US 9th ID is the only US unit to have the Dragoon in any large numbers, with them being taken into regular service in that unit.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Basic APC

$42,615

D, A

3.4 tons

10.8 tons

3+9

6

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

Basic APC (w/Appliqué)

$43,794

D, A

3.3 tons

11.2 tons

3+9

6

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

APC (MG Turret)

$53,615

D, A

2.9 tons

12.8 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G, C)

Enclosed

APC (MG Turret w/Appliqué)

$54,904

D, A

2.8 tons

13.3 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G, C)

Enclosed

LFV-40

$165,209

D, A

2.6 tons

13.8 tons

3+7

10

Passive IR (D, G, C)

Enclosed

LFV-40 (w/Appliqué)

$166,498

D, A

2.5 tons

14.3 tons

3+7

10

Passive IR (D, G, C)

Enclosed

LFV-50

$159,288

D, A

2.6 tons

13.8 tons

3+7

10

Passive IR (D, G, C)

Enclosed

LFV-50 (w/Appliqué)

$160,577

D, A

2.5 tons

14.3 tons

3+7

10

Passive IR (D, G, C)

Enclosed

MGTS-25

$169,956

D, A

2.5 tons

14.2 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

MGTS-25 w/Appliqué

$171,245

D, A

2.4 tons

14.7 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

MGTS-30

$173,030

D, A

2.5 tons

14.3 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

MGTS-30 w/Appliqué

$174,319

D, A

2.4 tons

14.8 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

MGTS-35

$176,095

D, A

2.5 tons

14.3 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

MGTS-35 w/Appliqué

$177,384

D, A

2.4 tons

14.8 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

ACV

$119,101

D, A

1.6 tons

11.1 tons

3+4

8

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

ACV w/Appliqué

$120,390

D, A

1.5 tons

11.6 tons

3+4

8

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

MEWS

$436,942

D, A

750 kg

14.6 tons

4

12

Passive IR (D, G, C), Image Intensification (G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

MEWS w/Appliqué

$438,231

D, A

650 kg

15.1 tons

4

12

Passive IR (D, G, C), Image Intensification (G, C), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

ASLV

$32,898

D, A

5.2 tons

9 tons

3

5

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

ASLV w/Appliqué

$33,543

D, A

5.1 tons

9.3 tons

3

5

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

ASV Patroller

$130,104

D, A

2.8 tons

13 tons

3+5

10

Passive IR (D, Turret), Image Intensification x2 (Turret)

Enclosed

Dragoon 2

$34,098

D, A

3.1 tons

12.1 tons

3+9

6

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Basic APC

211/106

49/25/3

350

158

Stnd

W(4)

HF8  HS4  HF4

Basic APC (w/Appliqué)

192/102

47/24/2

350

164

Stnd

W(4)

HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

APC (MG Turret)

177/89

41/21/2

350

188

CiH

W(4)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8  HS4  HR4

APC (MG Turret w/Appliqué)

171/86

40/20/2

350

194

CiH

W(4)

TF4  TS3  TR2  HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

LFV-40/50

165/83

38/20/2

350

202

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS6  TR5  HF8  HS4  HR4

LFV-40/50 (w/Appliqué)

161/81

37/19/2

350

209

Trtd

W(4)

TF8  TS7  TR5  HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

MGTS-25

161/81

37/19/2

350

207

Trtd

W(4)

TF4  TS4  TR3  HF8  HS4  HR4

MGTS-25 w/Appliqué

154/77

36/18/2

350

215

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS5  TR3  HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

MGTS-30/35

161/81

37/19/2

350

209

Trtd

W(4)

TF4  TS4  TR3  HF8  HS4  HR4

MGTS-30/35 w/Appliqué

154/77

36/18/2

350

216

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS5  TR3  HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

ACV

207/104

48/25/3

350

163

Stnd

W(4)

HF8  HS4  HF4

ACV w/Appliqué

196/99

46/23/2

350

169

Stnd

W(4)

HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

MEWS

156/78

36/19/2

350

213

Trtd

W(4)

TF4  TS4  TR3  HF8  HS4  HR4

MEWS w/Appliqué

150/75

35/18/2

350

221

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS5  TR3  HF10Sp  HS4  HF4*

ASLV

253/127

59/30/3

350

131

Stnd

W(4)

HF8  HS4  HF4**

ASLV w/Appliqué

245/123

57/29/3

350

136

Stnd

W(4)

HF10Sp  HS4  HF4***

ASV Patroller

175/88

41/21/2

350

190

Stnd

W(4)

HF8  HS4  HF4

Dragoon 2

188/94

44/22/2

350

177

Stnd

W(4)

HF10Sp  HS5  HR5*

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Basic APC/ACV/Dragoon 2

None

None

M-2HB

1150x.50

APC (MG Turret)

+1

Basic

M-2HB

1150x.50

LFV-40

+2

Fair

Mk 19 AGL, M-2HB

200x40mm Grenades, 400x.50

LFV-50

+2

Fair

M-2HB, MAG

650x.50, 1300x7.62mm

MGTS-25

+2

Fair

25mm M-242 Chaingun, MAG

330x25mm, 2600x7.62mm

MGTS-30

+2

Fair

30mm Mk 44 Bushmaster II, MAG

275x30mm, 2600x7.62mm

MGTS-35

+2

Fair

35mm Bushmaster III, MAG

235x35mm, 2600x7.62mm

MEWS

+2

Fair

25mm M-242 Chaingun, MAG (C)

150x25mm, 1500x7.62mm

ALSV

None

None

MAG (C)

1500x7.62mm

*Floor AV is 4Sp.

**The AV presented here is for the cab alone.  The rest of the vehicle is open and has no armor value, except for the sides when raised.  These extend about one-third the way above the load bed and have an AV of 1.

***The AV presented here is for the cab alone.  The rest of the vehicle is open and has no armor value, except for the sides when raised.  These extend about one-third the way above the load bed and have an AV of 1. The Floor AV is 4Sp.

 

Cadillac-Gage V-100/V-150/LAV-150

     Notes:  The history of what became the LAV-150 goes all the way back to 1963, when the prototype of its ancestor, the V-100 Commando, first appeared.  Service use of the V-100 began in 1964, with their being type-standardized as the XM-706 and entering use with the US Army Military Police and the USAF Security Police (then called the Air Police), for the patrol of flight lines and rear areas.  Deployment began in 1965 to Vietnam with the Air Force only; shortly thereafter, the ARVN received V-100s for police and patrol work.  At first, the US Army did not deploy any M-706s to Vietnam, but they took several XM-706s as loaners from the ARVN in 1967 and then began deploying their own in 1968, after which the vehicle received the M-706 designation.  US Army M-706s received an ignoble end after Vietnam; though some very small numbers were used into the late 1970s, most ended up as targets on gunnery ranges.  USAF M-706s remained in use until the mid-1980s, but after that were most were sold for scrap (though some made it into US police departments, where they are still used).  Some 22 countries were customers of the V-100, and in about half these countries, they are still in use as of 2011; some other countries are not using them operationally, but keep them in maintained storage, due to their sheer versatility.  V-100s are often kept running through cannibalization of V-100s that are no longer running. The later V-150 was essentially a hybrid of the V-200 and V-100 (the V-200 came before the V-150 despite the designation).  They use many of the automotive components of 5-ton trucks used by the US Army, and are enlarged over the V-100.  Most automotive and electrical components of the V-150 were upgraded, the engine was upgraded, armor was upgraded, and the vehicle in general improved.  The V-150 was later renamed by Textron the LAV-150.  It should be noted that in the late 1990s, Cadillac Gage became a subsidiary of Textron.  Further development of the LAV-150 begat the ASV-150 (below).

 

The V-100

  The Terra-Space of Cadillac-Gage began the first design work on what became the V-100 in the early 1960s.  After several abortive designs, they came up with the definitive V-100; their first prototype was built in 1963, and limited production for the USAF and US Army began in 1964.  In the late 1960s and through most of the 1970s, foreign orders dominated their production of the V-100.

     The driver of the V-100 is on the front right, and commander beside him on the left.  Originally, the driver and commander were to have of the same type as on the M-113, but they were judged too vulnerable and were removed on production versions, replaced with special vision blocks which offered more protection. In the upper glacis plate on the driver’s and commander’s side are further vision blocks. The driver has essentially conventional controls in his compartment, as well as controls for the bilge pump.  Above the driver’s and commander’s position are two hatches; the commander and driver may raise their seats to see out of the hatches.  The commander’s position has no armament; he primarily reads maps and handles navigation, as he does not have the best view of the surrounding situation.

     The gunner’s position was made into a plethora of turrets, non-turrets, and armament, fire control, and vision choices.  The gunner could man a conventional pintle-mounted weapon (often surrounded with AV2 gun shields), or have a variety or turrets with a variety of weapons.  An attempt to show the weapon choices will be shown in the stats below, but that list is by no means exhaustive; many different weapon installations were tried, often on an ad-hoc basis, in Vietnam, and more were made by other countries using the V-100 after the Vietnam War.

     The crew sat down the sides of the vehicle.  They had four firing ports in each side (these were merely shuttered holed in the sides of the vehicle, and not true firing ports).  The troops enter and exit through a side hatch on both sides of the vehicle; the commander and gunner could also get to their positions through the troop compartment.  A long hatch was found on the hull roof on the right side near the rear beside the engine.  The side hatches are actually clamshell doors, with a step in the lower door to help exit.  There was also a small door in the rear of the vehicle on the right; this entry was a bit narrow, and was a two-piece door like those on the sides, but only half the width. Six smoke grenade launchers are found on each side of the vehicle.

     Power for the V-100 was the Chrysler M-75 gasoline 191-horsepower engine, a derivative of the same engine that powered the original M-113. (A diesel engine would not be fitted until the advent of the V-150.) The engine was coupled to a manual transmission.  The original first gear proved to be geared to low and damaged the transmission, so a fix had to be made to the transmission and first gear restricted to four-wheel drive operations.  The axles were taken from the M-44 2.5-ton truck.  The tires were specially designed by Cadillac Gage and were run-flat and designed to run even in heavy mud without bogging down.  The tires were also puncture resistant.  The front had a 10-ton-capacity winch in it, and the vehicle carried a 5-ton snatch block to increase the winching power.  The vehicle is fully amphibious, requiring only that bilge pumps be turned on.

 

V-150/LAV-150

     The V-150 (later called the LAV-150 after the Textron takeover) was essentially an all-around improvement of the V-100, ranging from electrical and automotive components to armor and suspension and engine.  Chief amongst the improvements are the 202-horsepower Cummins diesel, necessary to move the heavier weight; however, this also reduces fuel consumption.  Interior appointments are largely the same, and externally, the vehicle is similar to the V-100, though LAV-150s almost always have turrets, and there is a more extensive array of turrets available.  Fire control and vision equipment are likewise improved.  More interior room is given over to equipment and ammunition, with a corresponding decrease in troop capacity.  The LAV-150 is available in many more variants; APC-type variants include a command version.  The command version is sort of a “command-lite” version, carrying one long-range data-capable radio, one medium-range radio, and one short-range radio.  The command version has space for map storage and office/plotting-type supplies, CEOIs and codebooks, and a map board, as well as a ruggedized laptop computer.

 

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

V-100 Basic APC

$54,321

D, A

1.2 tons

10 tons

4+8

6

Headlights

Open

V-100 (Twin 7.62mm Turret)

$29,695

D, A

1.2 tons

10.2 tons

3+9

6

Headlights

Enclosed

V-100 (.50/7.62 Turret)

$37,519

D, A

1.1 tons

10.3 tons

3+9

6

Headlights

Enclosed

V-100 (20mm Turret)

$46,702

D, A

1.1 tons

10.3 tons

3+8

6

Headlights

Enclosed

V-100 (GL Turret)

$39,817

D, A

1.1 tons

10.3 tons

3+9

6

Headlights

Enclosed

V-100 (Minigun Turret)

$40,826

D, A

1.1 tons

10.4 tons

3+7

6

Headlights

Enclosed

LAV-150 Basic APC

$63,511

D, A

1 ton

10.9 tons

4+6

6

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (Twin 7.62mm Turret)

$54,359

D, A

1 ton

11.1 tons

3+7

6

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (.50/7.62mm Turret)

$165,363

D, A

925 kg

11.2 tons

3+7

6

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (20mm Turret)

$170,387

D, A

925 kg

11.2 tons

3+7

6

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (GL Turret)

$163,142

D, A

925 kg

11.2 tons

3+7

6

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (25mm Turret)

$173,471

D, A

875 kg

11.4 tons

3+6

6

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (30mm Turret)

$176,411

D, A

875 kg

11.4 tons

3+6

6

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

LAV-150 (Command)

$110,179

D, A

400 kg

11.3 tons

3+3

7

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

V-100 Basic APC

157/78

36/18/4

303

98

Stnd

W(3)

HF6  HS3  HR3

V-100 Twin 7.62mm Turret

154/78

36/18/4

303

100

Trtd

W(3)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF6  HS3  HR3

V-100.50/7.62 Turret/20mm Turret/GL Turret

153/77

36/18/4

303

101

Trtd

W(3)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF6  HS3  HR3

V-100 Minigun Turret

151/75

35/17/4

303

102

Trtd

W(3)

TF3  TS3  TR3  HF5  HS3  HR3

LAV-150 Basic APC

154/78

36/18/4

303

104

Stnd

W(3)

HF7  HS4  HR3

LAV-150 (Twin 7.62mm Turret)

151/76

35/18/4

303

106

Trtd

W(3)

TF5  TS3  TR3  HF7  HS4  HR3

LAV-150 .50/7.62mm Turret/20mm Turret/GL Turret

149/76

35/17/4

303

107

Trtd

W(3)

TF5  TS3  TR3  HF7  HS4  HR3

LAV-150 25mm Turret/30mm Turret

151/75

35/17/4

303

109

Trtd

W(3)

TF5  TS3  TR3  HF7  HS4  HR3

LAV-150 (Command)

151/75

35/17/4

303

108

Stnd

W(3)

HF7  HS4  HR3

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

V-100 Basic APC

None

None

2xM-1919A4 or M-60 or MAG (Right, Left), M-2HB (Front), Mk 19 (Rear)

2000x7.62mm or .30-06, 600x.50, 200x40mm

V-100 (Twin 7.62mm Turret)

+1

None

2xMAG or M-60 or M-1919A4

2000x7.62mm or .30-06

V-100(.50/7.62 Turret)

+1

None

M-2HB, MAG or M60 or M-1919A4

540x.50, 3200x7.62mm or .30-06

V-100 (20mm Turret)

+1

None

20mm Oerlikon KAA, MAG or M-60 or M-1919A4, MAG or M-60 of M-1919A4 (C)

400x20mm, 3200x7.62mm or .30-06

V-100 (GL Turret)

+1

None

Mk19, M-2HB

166x40mm Grenades, 540x.50

V-100 (Minigun Turret)

+1

Basic

M-134 Minigun, MAG or M-60 or M-1919A4 (C)

4500x7.62mm or 3500x7.62mm and 1000x.30-06

LAV-150 Basic APC

None

None

2xMAG (Right, Left), M-2HB (Front), Mk 19 (Rear)

2500x7.62mm, 750x.50, 250x40mm

LAV-150 (Twin 7.62mm Turret)

+1

Basic

2xMAG

3000x7.62mm

LAV-150 (.50/7.62mm Turret)

+2

Fair

M-2HB, MAG

660x.50, 5000x7.62mm

LAV-150 (20mm Turret)

+2

Fair

20mm Oerlikon KAA, MAG

500x20mm, 5000x7.62mm

LAV-150 (GL Turret)

+2

Fair

Mk19, M-2HB

210x40mm Grenades, 675x.50

LAV-150 (25mm Turret)

+2

Fair

25mm M-242 ChainGun, MAG

400x25mm, 5000x7.62mm

LAV-150 (30mm Turret)

+2

Fair

30mm Mk 44 Bushmaster II, MAG

330x30mm, 5000x7.62mm

LAV-150 (Command)

None

None

M-2HB (C)

750x.50

 

Cadillac Gage V-300/LAV-300

     Notes: Though thought by some to merely be a larger version of the LAV-150, the LAV-300 (originally the V-300 before the Cadillac Gage merger with Textron) is a separate vehicle on a very different chassis with different automotive components (though some turrets are common to the LAV-300 and LAV-150).  First prototypes appeared in 1979, and production occurred as orders came in. The LAV-300 is offered in 15 configurations (not all of which will be featured on this page), and is currently used in various configurations by Kuwait (the largest user), Panama, the Philippines, and its newest user, Iraq.  Some US police departments are also using (unarmed) LAV-300s. The LAV-300 hits sort of a sweet spot between cost and capabilities, and its flexibility is also appreciated by its users.  In some configurations, the LAV-300 can be mistaken for a LAV-25, though they have nothing in common.

     The LAV-300 has a driver’s position on the front right, with a hatch above him and three vision blocks to the front and one to each side.  The center front vision block can be replaced with a night vision block.  On the basic APC, the commander’s position is to the rear of the driver’s position and in the center of the vehicle, and has a simple cupola with a pintle mount.  However, it is much more common for the LAV-300 to have a turret of some sort, either one-man or two-man, with several weapon options available.  These can range from a light turret with two light machineguns to a 40mm autocannon (which has been trialed, but not sold).  The Filipinos use a unique turret, a one-man model with a CIS 40 AGL and a MAG.  On either side of the hull in the troop compartment are three firing ports, and there is one more in each rear door.  In the sides of the vehicle, at about the center of the vehicle on the right side, is a hatch in the sides of the hull, but it looks like a tight squeeze.  One of the firing ports on the right side is in this hatch, and the hatch can conceivably be opened to allow the firing of heavier weapons like grenade launchers.  At the rear of the hull on the roof are a pair of hatches.  The troops sit down the sides of the vehicle, except for one seat behind the driver facing to the rear.  On the roof near the rear on each side, or on each side of the turret, are banks or clusters of four smoke grenade launchers.

     The LAV-300 is powered by a 270-horsepower Cummins VT-504 turbocharged diesel engine, coupled to an automatic transmission.  The suspension is 6x6 and of an off-road type, with puncture-resistant tires (though they are not run-flat). Ground clearance is decent and the floor armor is strengthened as a measure against mines. The LAV-300 can have added appliqué armor.  The LAV-300 is amphibious after turning on bilge pumps and erecting a trim vane (5 minutes), but speed is quite slow.

     The LAV-300 Mk II is a new version of the LAV-300, introduced in 1999; it is the version which Iraq uses.  The primary improvement is in the armor – the armor is more advanced and offers better protection without seriously increasing the vehicle weight.  Like the LAV-300, the LAV-300 Mk II can have added appliqué armor.  The engine is slightly stronger at 278 horsepower, but the primary engine improvement is in serviceability and torque.  The entire power pack, including transmission, has received this serviceability improvement.  Fuel tanks are larger, with the single fuel tanks of the LAV-300 replaced with two fuel tanks.  The twin doors in the rear have been replaced with a ramp. Optional waterjets for amphibious operation can be fitted, tripling water speed.  The suspension has been beefed up, and load carrying capability is greater.  Vision blocks for the driver (and commander, if a conventional cupola is used) are larger.  The LAV-300 has individual seats, but the Mk II has bench seats, which allow for quicker exits and entrances.  The tires have been replaced by run-flat tires which have central tire pressure regulation and are puncture resistant.  Air conditioning is an option.

 

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Basic APC

$35,765

D, A

1.3 tons

15 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Basic APC w/Appliqué

$38,566

D, A

1.2 tons

15.5 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Twin 7.62mm Turret

$41,890

D, A

1.3 tons

15.2 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Twin 7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué

$45,391

D, A

1.2 tons

15.9 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

.50/7.62mm Turret

$153,579

D, A

1.2 tons

15.3 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

.50/7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué

$157,080

D, A

1 ton

16 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

GL Turret 1

$152,182

D, A

1.2 tons

15.3 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

GL Turret 1 w/Appliqué

$155,683

D, A

1 ton

16 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

GL Turret 2

$149,136

D, A

1.2 tons

15.3 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

GL Turret 2 w/Appliqué

$152,637

D, A

1 ton

16 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

One-Man 20mm Turret

$151,668

D, A

1.2 tons

15.3 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

One-Man 20mm Turret w/Appliqué

$155,169

D, A

1 ton

16 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Two-Man 20mm Turret

$183,300

D, A

1.2 tons

15.5 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification (G)

Enclosed

Two-Man 20mm Turret w/Appliqué

$186,801

D, A

1 ton

16.2 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

25mm Turret

$186,385

D, A

1.1 tons

15.6 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

25mm Turret w/Appliqué

$189,886

D, A

1 ton

16.3 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

30mm Turret

$189,458

D, A

1.1 tons

15.6 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

30mm Turret w/Appliqué

$192,959

D, A

1 ton

16.3 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

40mm Turret

$195,615

D, A

1.1 tons

15.7 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

40mm Turret w/Appliqué

$199,116

D, A

975 kg

16.4 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

Mk II Basic APC

$30,527

D, A

2 tons

16.3 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Mk II Basic APC w/Appliqué

$34,728

D, A

1.8 tons

17.1 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Mk II Twin 7.62mm Turret

$36,254

D, A

2 tons

16.5 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Mk II Twin 7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué

$41,506

D, A

1.8 tons

17.5 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D)

Enclosed

Mk II .50/7.62mm Turret

$62,443

D, A

1.9 tons

16.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II .50/7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué

$67,695

D, A

1.8 tons

17.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II GL Turret 1

$61,045

D, A

1.9 tons

16.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II GL Turret 1 w/Appliqué

$66,297

D, A

1.8 tons

17.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II GL Turret 2

$57,999

D, A

1.9 tons

16.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II GL Turret 2 w/Appliqué

$63,251

D, A

1.8 tons

17.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II One-Man 20mm Turret

$60,532

D, A

1.9 tons

16.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II One-Man 20mm Turret w/Appliqué

$65,784

D, A

1.8 tons

17.6 tons

2+10

8

Passive IR (D, G)

Enclosed

Mk II Two-Man 20mm Turret

$74,664

D, A

1.9 tons

16.8 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification (G)

Enclosed

Mk II Two-Man 20mm Turret w/Appliqué

$79,916

D, A

1.8 tons

17.8 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

Mk II 25mm Turret

$77,749

D, A

1.8 tons

16.9 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification (G)

Enclosed

Mk II 25mm Turret w/Appliqué

$83,001

D, A

1.7 tons

17.9 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

Mk II 30mm Turret

$80,822

D, A

1.8 tons

16.9 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification (G)

Enclosed

Mk II 30mm Turret w/Appliqué

$86,074

D, A

1.7 tons

17.9 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

Mk II 40mm Turret

$86,979

D, A

1.8 tons

17 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

Mk II 40mm Turret w/Appliqué

$92,231

D, A

1.7 tons

18 tons

3+9

8

Passive IR (D, G), Image Intensification

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Basic APC

152/77

36/18/1

200

141

Stnd

W(4)

HF8  HS5  HR4*

Basic APC w/Appliqué

146/74

35/17/1

200

148

Stnd

W(4)

HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR4**

Twin 7.62mm Turret

150/76

36/18/1

200

142

Trtd

W(4)

TF5  TS3  TR3  HF8  HS5  HR4*

Twin 7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué

143/73

34/17/1

200

150

Trtd

W(4)

TF6Sp  TS4  TR3  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR4**

.50/7.62mm Turret/GL Turret 1/2 & One-Man 20mm

149/75

35/18/1

200

144

Trtd

W(4)

TF5  TS3  TR3  HF8  HS5  HR4

.50/7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué/GL Turret 1/2 w/Appliqué & One-Man 20mm w/Appliqué

143/73

34/17/1

200

151

Trtd

W(4)

TF6Sp  TS4  TR3  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR4**

Two-Man 20mm Turret

147/75

35/17/1

200

145

Trtd

W(4)

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF8  HS5  HR4*

Two-Man 20mm Turret w/Appliqué

141/72

33/17/1

200

152

Trtd

W(4)

TF5Sp  TS5  TR4  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR4**

25mm Turret/30mm Turret

145/74

35/17/1

200

147

Trtd

W(4)

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF8  HS5  HR4*

25mm Turret w/Appliqué/30mm Turret w/Appliqué

140/71

33/17/1

200

154

Trtd

W(4)

TF5Sp  TS5  TR4  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR4**

40mm Turret

146/74

35/17/1

200

148

Trtd

W(4)

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF8  HS5  HR4*

40mm Turret w/Appliqué

138/70

33/16/1

200

154

Trtd

W(4)

TF5Sp  TS5  TR4  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR4**

Mk II Basic APC

145/74

34/17/3

435

146

Stnd

W(5)

HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR5***

Mk II Basic APC w/Appliqué

138/70

33/16/3

435

153

Stnd

W(5)

HF13Sp  HS7Sp  HR5****

Mk II Twin 7.62mm Turret

144/73

34/17/3

435

147

Trtd

W(5)

TF7Sp  TS4Sp  TR3  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR5***

Mk II Twin 7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué

135/69

32/16/3

435

156

Trtd

W(5)

TF8Sp  TS5Sp  TR3  HF13Sp  HS7Sp  HR5****

Mk II .50/7.62mm Turret/GL Turret 1/2 & One-Man 20mm Turret

142/73

33/16/3

435

149

Trtd

W(5)

TF7Sp  TS4Sp  TR3  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR5***

Mk II .50/7.62mm Turret w/Appliqué/GL Turret 1/2 & One-Man 20mm Turret

135/69

32/16/3

435

158

Trtd

W(5)

TF8Sp  TS5Sp  TR3  HF13Sp  HS7Sp  HR5****

Mk II Two-Man 20mm Turret

141/72

33/16/3

435

150

Trtd

W(5)

TF5Sp  TS5Sp  TR4  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR5***

Mk II Two-Man 20mm Turret w/Appliqué

132/67

31/15/3

435

159

Trtd

W(5)

TF6Sp  TS6Sp  TR4  HF13Sp  HS7Sp  HR5****

Mk II 25mm Turret/30mm Turret

139/71

33/16/3

435

152

Trtd

W(5)

TF5Sp  TS5Sp  TR4  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR5***

Mk II 25mm Turret w/Appliqué/30mm Turret w/Appliqué

132/67

31/15/3

435

161

Trtd

W(5)

TF6Sp  TS6Sp  TR4  HF13Sp  HS7Sp  HR5****

Mk II 40mm Turret

139/67

33/16/3

435

152

Trtd

W(5)

TF5Sp  TS5Sp  TR4  HF10Sp  HS6Sp  HR5***

Mk II 40mm Turret w/Appliqué

132/67

31/15/3

435

161

Trtd

W(5)

TF6Sp  TS6Sp  TR4  HF13Sp  HS7Sp  HR5****

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Basic APC

None

None

MAG or M-2HB (C)

3000x7.62mm or 900x.50

Twin 7.62mm Turret

+1

Basic

2xMAG

3000x7.62mm

.50/7.62mm Turret

+2

Fair

M-2HB, MAG

800x.50, 4800x7.62mm

GL Turret 1

+2

Fair

Mk19, M-2HB

315x40mm Grenades, 1000x.50

GL Turret 2

+2

Fair

CIS 40 AGL, MAG

315x40mm Grenades, 1700x7.62mm

One-Man 20mm Turret

+2

Fair

20mm KAA Autocannon, MAG

730x20mm, 1700x7.62mm

Two-Man 20mm Turret

+2

Fair

20mm KAA Autocannon, MAG, MAG (C)

900x20mm, 3200x7.62mm

25mm Turret

+2

Fair

25mm M-242 Chaingun, MAG, MAG (C)

720x25mm, 3200x7.62mm

30mm Turret

+2

Fair

30mm Mk 44 Bushmaster II, MAG (C)

600x30mm, 3200x7.62mm

40mm Turret

+2

Fair

40mm Bofors L/70, MAG, MAG (C)

450x40mm, 3200x7.62mm

*Floor AV is 4.

**Roof AV is 3; Floor AV is 5Sp.

***Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 5Sp.

****Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 6Sp.

 

Cadillac Gage Ranger

     Notes: The Ranger was designed in response to a US Air force requirement for a simple armored vehicle to patrol airbases and air force bases as well as missile farms.  Cadillac Gage’s entry was chosen, and called the Peacekeeper by the US Air Force.  The US Navy later took up the Ranger for various patrol duties.  By 1994, some 708 Rangers had been built and sold to the US and other countries, but by 1994, the Ranger was no longer being marketed.  The only combat use of the Ranger was in Bosnia by the IFOR. Currently, the only country still using them is Indonesia, though police departments worldwide also have them on their rolls.

     The Ranger is basically a Chrysler truck chassis fitted with an armored body.  As an armored truck, the Ranger has a cab with the driver and commander in it.  The driver and commander have a large bullet-resistant windshield in front of them, doors in with side of the cab that can be opened and locked back against the sides of the vehicle.  There is a firing port between the two front windshields. Two doors are in the rear of the vehicle, and these also have firing ports. The troop compartment is at the rear with a gunner’s position atop the troop compartment at the front.  Each rear door has a firing port, and there is a firing port in each side of the vehicle.  These firing ports mentioned are shuttered openings in the hull instead of true firing ports. The troops sit down the sides of the vehicle; available space is sometimes taken up by accommodations for prisoners, dogs, etc.  There is access at the front of the troop compartment to the roof hatch, which takes the form of a manually-operated cupola with a pintle-mounted weapon, usually with an AV2 gun shield to the front.

     The Ranger is powered by a 180-horsepower gasoline engine originally, coupled to an automatic transmission.  This was later replaced in most Rangers by a diesel engine of the horsepower. Armor is angled on all sides, including the front which has an angled windshield and grill.  The suspension is 4x4, but suited more for road use than as an off-road vehicle.  Appliqué armor can be applied, though limits of engine power limit the amount of appliqué armor. Air conditioning is standard, and there is also s system to flush the interior air of contaminants (not an overpressure system). Options include a ramming bumper, flashing lights, sirens, a PA system, a winch, a spotlight, and grenade launching clusters.

     Variants include a command vehicle with one long-range radio (data capable), one medium-range radio, and one short-range radio, along with a small map board, map stowage, and plotting/office-type supplies. The data-capable radio was for a radio teletype machine, and later a ruggedized laptop computer.  An armored ambulance version was designed, with room for two stretcher cases and three seated patients, plus a medic in the rear.  It has the equivalent of one doctor’s medical bag, 10 personal medical kits, a selection of splints, bandages, cravats, and burn treatment kits, and other minor medical supplies.  A light reconnaissance version was designed; this differed from the standard Ranger in that it had an additional long-range radio, and a small turret on the roof with a pair of machineguns and enhanced vision gear.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Ranger APC

$22,407

G, A or D, A

950 kg

4.5 tons

3+6

2

Headlights

Enclosed

Ranger Command

$14,491

G, A or D, A

475 kg

4.6 tons

3+3

3

Headlights

Enclosed

Ranger Ambulance

$24,088

G, A or D, A

475 kg

4.6 tons

*

3

Headlights

Enclosed

Ranger Recon

$56,730

G, A or D, A

850 kg

4.8 tons

3+4

3

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G)

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Ranger APC

357/87

83/20

112

92 or 61

Stnd

W(3)

HF3  HS3  HR3

Ranger Command/Ambulance

350/85

81/20

112

94 or 62

Stnd

W(3)

HF3  HS3  HR3

Ranger Recon

336/82

78/19

112

98 or 65

CiH

W(3)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF3  HS3  HR3

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Ranger APC

None

None

M-2HB (C) or MAG (C) or 2xMAG (C)

2100x.50 or 3500x7.62mm

Ranger Command

None

None

MAG (C)

1750x7.62mm

Ranger Recon

+1

Basic

M-2HB, MAG

2100x.50, 3500x7.62mm

*See Notes for Crew and passenger capacity.

 

Force Protection Cougar

     Notes: The Cougar is the first MRAP designed and built in the US, and is used by US forces in Afghanistan, as well as the British, Canada, Croatia (who use four donated by the US for duties in Afghanistan), Poland (40 on loan from the US for their troops in Afghanistan), Iraq, Yemen, and three by Hungary with possible further orders.  British versions differ in some details, mostly in the integration of Battlefield Management electronics and appliqué armor.  Force Protection is building the Cougar as quickly as possible in response to heavy orders from various countries.  In the US Military, the Cougar was at first a Marine Corps vehicle, but the Air Force, Navy, and Army later ordered some of their own. Production as of 2011 has reached at least 4000 vehicles.  Cougars have literally had their entire suspensions blown out from beneath them, with no serious injury to the occupants – in 2004, the US Marines reported that in 300 IED and mine attacks on Cougars, no Marines had died or been seriously wounded.

 

The Cougar

     The Cougar is very truck-like in design, though it is clearly not a truck and is not based on any truck manufactured so far.  The 4x4 version is the Cougar H, and the 6x6 version the Cougar HE. The driver sits on the right side of the cab, and the commander on the left; they have a bullet-resistant double windshield to their front and their doors in the cab have large double windows (split roughly down the middle).  The troops inside sit down the sides of the vehicle, the sides of the vehicle have three large rectangular windows on the 6x6 model or one large window on the 4x4 model, each with a firing port.  The rear of the vehicle has a double door with two rectangular windows, each with a firing port.  Another double hatch is found on the left rear of the vehicle. The interior is fitted with two air conditioning systems and an overpressure system.  Large lockers are found on the right and rear fenders for equipment stowage.  The gunner may have a pintle-mounted weapon on a cupola and surrounded by AV2 gun shields; alternately, the weapon may be placed on a CROWS EWS.  (The pintle-mounted weapon station is more common on the Cougar H.) As is becoming more common in Afghanistan, the pintle-mounted gun stations’ gun shields have bullet-resistant glass set in the front, sides, and rear for more visibility. In each case, the weapon may be aimed fired from inside the vehicle; the CROWS mount also allows for reloading from inside the vehicle and beings additional vision and fire control equipment.  The gunner’s position is near the front of the vehicle in the center.  Four smoke grenade launchers are often found on the roof near the front on each side.

     The Cougar uses a Caterpillar C7 330-horsepower turbocharged diesel coupled to an automatic transmission. It sits on either a 4x4 or 6x6 off-road suspension, with run-flat puncture-resistant tires.  Of course, it has an MRAP hull, and the seemingly-luxurious padding of the troop and crew seats is part of this protection.  The seats also have seat belts.  Armor is average for such a vehicle, but the Cougar can take a variety of appliqué armor, ERA, and armor like bar-slat armor.  (It should be noted that the Cougar is not air-portable with appliqué or bar/slat armor bolted on.) The Cougar has an automatic fire detection and protection system, one for the cab, one for the troop compartment, and one for the engine/powerpack.  The fuel tanks are self-sealing.  A spare tire is normally carried on the right side just forward of the rear wheel (on the Cougar H) or the second wheel (on the Cougar HE).  The Cougar also employs thermal dampening technology which presents a -2 penalty to those trying to detect it by IR/thermal-based vision devices or when an IR-guided weapon tries to lock on.

     The Badger is also known as the ILAV (Iraqi Light Armored Vehicle)  It’s primary difference is that it’s 6x6 frame carries an in-between-sized hull. The Yemenis have also ordered this version. Versions with an RWS and pintle-mounted weapon are both seen, though the overwhelming majority have the pintle-mounted weapon and gun shields.

     The Cougar JERRV (Joint EOD Rapid Response Vehicle) may be 4x4 or 6x6, and carries a reduced combat engineer team and their equipment, as well as an EOD robot.  (They will be covered in US Wheeled Engineer Vehicles, eventually.)

     The Cougar ISS is based on the 4x4 version, and has an integrated independent response suspension system that increases off-road mobility.  Rumors have it that this version is used by certain NATO special operations teams.

 

British Versions

     The British use two versions of the cougar – the Mastiff (their 6x6 version) and the Ridgeback (their 4x4 version).  (They use a further version of the 6x6, the Wolfhound, which is used as a prime mover for howitzers and field guns, and will not be covered on this page.)  As stated above, the Mastiff and Ridgeback are fitted with the British version of BMS.  The Mastiffs versions are almost always armed with an RWS, typically an Enforcer RWS; about half the Ridgebacks have the Enforcer RWS, and the rest use pintle-mounted weapons with all-around AV2 gun shields. The stats below assume the use of an Enforcer RWS.  The Mastiff and Ridgeback have NBC overpressure systems.

 

Twilight 2000 Notes: the Cougar and its variants are not available in the Twilight 2000 timeline.

 

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted)

$32,604

D, A

1.5 tons

14.5 tons

3+4

6

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

$33,687

D, A

1.4 tons

15.3 tons

3+4

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

$33,010

D, A

1.4 tons

14.8 tons

3+4

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$34,093

D, A

1.2 tons

15.6 tons

3+4

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar H (RWS)

$81,604

D, A

1.4 tons

14.8 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar H (RWS) w/Appliqué

$82,687

D, A

1.3 tons

15.6 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar H (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

$82,010

D, A

1.3 tons

15.1 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar H (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$83,093

D, A

1.1 tons

15.9 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted)

$36,013

D, A

1.5 tons

19 tons

3+12

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

$37,291

D, A

1.4 tons

20 tons

3+12

10

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

$36,490

D, A

1.4 tons

19.4 tons

3+12

10

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$37,768

D, A

1.2 tons

20.4 tons

3+12

10

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar HE (RWS)

$85,013

D, A

1.4 tons

19.3 tons

3+12

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar HE (RWS) w/Appliqué

$86,291

D, A

1.3 tons

20.3 tons

3+12

11

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar HE (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

$85,490

D, A

1.3 tons

19.7 tons

3+12

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar HE (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$86,768

D, A

1.1 tons

20.7 tons

3+12

11

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Badger (Pintle-Mounted)

$34,436

D, A

1.4 tons

17.6 tons

3+10

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Badger (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

$35,714

D, A

1.3 tons

18.6 tons

3+10

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Badger (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

$34,913

D, A

1.3 tons

18 tons

3+10

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Badger (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$36,191

D, A

1.1 tons

19 tons

3+10

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Badger (RWS)

$83,438

D, A

1.4 tons

17.9 tons

3+10

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Badger (RWS) w/Appliqué

$84,716

D, A

1.3 tons

18.9 tons

3+10

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Badger (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

$83,915

D, A

1.3 tons

18.3 tons

3+10

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Badger (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$85,193

D, A

1.1 tons

19.3 tons

3+10

11

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted)

$32,931

D, A

1.5 tons

14.5 tons

3+4

6

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

$34,024

D, A

1.4 tons

15.3 tons

3+4

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

$33,341

D, A

1.4 tons

14.8 tons

3+4

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$34,434

D, A

1.2 tons

15.6 tons

3+4

8

Headlights

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (RWS)

$82,421

D, A

1.4 tons

14.8 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (RWS) w/Appliqué

$83,494

D, A

1.3 tons

15.6 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

$82,831

D, A

1.3 tons

15.1 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Cougar ISS (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$83,924

D, A

1.1 tons

15.9 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Enclosed

Ridgeback

$286,117

D, A

1.4 tons

14.9 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Ridgeback w/Appliqué

$287,395

D, A

1.3 tons

15.7 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Ridgeback w/Bar/Slat

$286,523

D, A

1.3 tons

15.2 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Ridgeback w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$287,606

D, A

1.1 tons

16 tons

3+4

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Mastiff

$285,978

D, A

1.4 tons

19.3 tons

3+12

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Mastiff w/Appliqué

$287,256

D, A

1.3 tons

20.3 tons

3+12

11

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Mastiff w/Bar/Slat

$286,455

D, A

1.3 tons

19.7 tons

3+12

9

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

Mastiff w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

$287,733

D, A

1.1 tons

20.7 tons

3+12

11

Passive IR (G), Image Intensification (G), Thermal Imaging (G)

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted)

182/92

42/21

420

175

Stnd

W(5)

HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (1)

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

173/87

40/20

420

186

Stnd

W(5)

HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (2)

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

178/90

41/21

420

179

Stnd

W(5)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (2)

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

169/86

39/20

420

189

Stnd

W(5)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (3)

Cougar H (RWS)

178/90

41/21

420

179

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (1)

Cougar H (RWS) w/Appliqué

169/86

39/20

420

189

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (2)

Cougar H (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

174/88

40/20

420

182

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (2)

Cougar H (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

166/84

38/19

420

193

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (4)

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted)

150/76

35/18

480

229

Stnd

W(8)

HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (1)

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

143/72

33/17

480

240

Stnd

W(8)

HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (2)

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

147/74

34/18

480

234

Stnd

W(8)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (2)

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

141/71

33/17

480

245

Stnd

W(8)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (3)

Cougar HE (RWS)

147/74

34/18

480

234

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (5)

Cougar HE (RWS) w/Appliqué

141/71

33/17

480

245

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (5)

Cougar HE (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

144/71

33/17

480

245

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (6)

Cougar HE (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

137/69

32/16

480

250

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (7)

Badger (Pintle-Mounted)

161/81

37/19

480

213

Stnd

W(6)

HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (1)

Badger (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

153/78

36/18

480

224

Stnd

W(6)

HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (2)

Badger (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

161/81

37/19

480

215

Stnd

W(6)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (2)

Badger (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

150/76

35/18

480

229

Stnd

W(6)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (3)

Badger (RWS)

159/81

37/19

480

215

CiH

W(6)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (5)

Badger (RWS) w/Appliqué

152/77

35/18

480

227

CiH

W(6)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (5)

Badger (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

156/79

36/19

480

220

CiH

W(6)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (6)

Badger (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

147/74

34/18

480

234

CiH

W(6)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (7)

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted)

182/104

42/24

420

175

Stnd

W(5)

HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (1)

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué

173/98

40/23

420

186

Stnd

W(5)

HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (2)

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted) w/Bar/Slat

178/101

41/24

420

179

Stnd

W(5)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (2)

Cougar ISS (Pintle-Mounted) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

169/93

39/23

420

189

Stnd

W(5)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (3)

Cougar ISS (RWS)

178/101

41/24

420

179

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (5)

Cougar ISS (RWS) w/Appliqué

169/97

39/23

420

189

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (5)

Cougar ISS (RWS) w/Bar/Slat

174/99

40/23

420

182

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (6)

Cougar ISS (RWS) w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

166/95

38/21

420

193

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (7)

Ridgeback

177/89

40/20

420

180

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (5)

Ridgeback w/Appliqué

169/74

39/20

420

189

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (5)

Ridgeback w/Bar/Slat

173/87

40/20

420

184

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (6)

Ridgeback w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

164/83

38/19

420

193

CiH

W(5)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (7)

Mastiff

144/73

33/18

480

239

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF8Sp  HS5Sp  HR5 (5)

Mastiff w/Appliqué

138/70

32/17

480

251

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF10Sp  HS7Sp  HR6 (5)

Mastiff w/Bar/Slat

141/71

33/17

480

243

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR5 (6)

Mastiff w/Appliqué & Bar/Slat

134/67

31/16

480

255

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR5 (7)

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Cougar H (Pintle-Mounted)

None

None

M-2HB (C) or MAG (C) or Mk 19 (C)

2300x.50 or 3800x7.62mm or 730x40mm Grenades

Cougar H/ISS/Ridgeback (RWS)

+1

Fair

M-2HB or MAG or Mk 19

2300x.50 or 3800x7.62mm or 730x40mm Grenades

Cougar HE (Pintle-Mounted)

None

None

M-2HB (C) or MAG (C) or Mk 19 (C)

2600x.50 or 4300x7.62mm or 830x40mm Grenades

Cougar HE/Mastiff (RWS)

+1

Fair

M-2HB or MAG or Mk 19

2600x.50 or 4300x7.62mm or 830x40mm Grenades

Badger (Pintle-Mounted)

None

None

M-2HB (C) or MAG (C) or Mk 19 (C)

2400x.50 or 4000x7.62mm or 770x40mm Grenades

Badger (RWS)

+1

Fair

M-2HB or MAG or Mk 19

2400x.50 or 4000x7.62mm or 770x40mm Grenades

(1) Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 5Sp.

(2) Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 6Sp.

(4) Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 6Sp. The combination of appliqué and bar/slat armor can give a sort of “double spaced” effect; remove 4d6 damage from incoming HE-type shells if both are hit (the hit has to go through both sets of add-on armor).

(5) Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 6Sp.

(6) Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 7Sp.

(7) Roof AV is 4; Floor AV is 7Sp.  The combination of appliqué and bar/slat armor can give a sort of “double spaced” effect; remove 4d6 damage from incoming HE-type shells if both are hit (the hit has to go through both sets of add-on armor).  

 

FMC HMMWV M-1152P1

     The M-1152P1 variant was designed after US and other counties’ experience with the HMMWV and similar light vehicles in Afghanistan, Iraq, Kosovo, Bosnia, and other war zones. The major change was the addition of MEXAS-type armor for the body, roof, and belly of the HMMWV. The engine is a more powerful one, a Optimizer 6500 turbocharged fuel-injected diesel (or JP8; this is the standard fuel for US Army vehicles), The engine develops 190 horsepower and a torque of 380 foot-pounds.  The suspension is 4x4, with armored wheels and run-flat, puncture-resistant tires.  The transmission is automatic; 2WD and 4WD modes are selectable. Brakes are four-wheel brakes, and the steering is power-assisted.

     The M-1152P1 can actually take heavier armor packages than the standard MEXAS-type applied as standard to the vehicle.  In particular, a layer of aluminum may be added to the floor and to the roof of the vehicle. The rear of the HMMWV forms a cubular box, atop which is a weapons position; in addition a RWS may be added instead of a simple weapon mount. The windows are bullet resistant, as are the side windows and the rear window. The windshield can be made thicker on the lower one-third, to increase armor protection. The rear door is of aluminum (thick aluminum). The seats are energy-absorbing, and if the crewmembers are buckled in, they take only one-half damage from roll-overs, ramming attempts, and generally impact damage.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

M-1152P1 HMMWV (Standard Armor)

$3,751

D, G, A, AvGas, JP8

1.9 tons

5.22 tons

2+4

4

Headlights

Enclosed

M-1152P1 HMMWV (Aluminum Roof & Floor Appliqué)

$7,425

D, G, A, AvGas, JP8

1.87 tons

5.35 tons

2+4

4

Headlights

Enclosed

M-1152P1 HMMWV (Enhanced Armor)

$14,855

D, G, A, AvGas, JP8

1.52 tons

7.88 tons

2+4

4

Headlights

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

M-1152P1 HMMWV (Standard Armor)

134/44

34/11

94

65

Stnd

W(3)

HF3Cp  HS3Cp  HR3Cp*

M-1152P1 HMMWV (Aluminum Roof & Floor Appliqué)

133/43

33/11

94

67

Stnd

W(3)

HF3Cp  HS3Cp  HR3Cp**

M-1152P1 HMMWV (Enhanced Armor)

133/43

33/11

94

99

Stnd

W(3)

HF5Cp  HS5Cp  HR4Cp***

*Floor and roof AV are 2.

**Floor Armor is 4Sp.  Roof Armor is 3Sp.

***Floor and Roof Armor are 4Sp.

 

GDLS M-1026 Stryker

     Notes: The Stryker has long been a subject of controversy, even before the final vehicle was chosen and the program that produced was known as the Interim Armored Vehicle.  It is still a subject of controversy, though its performance in Iraq has partially stilled that criticism.  The criticism includes lack of off-road mobility due to its wheeled suspension, the vulnerability of the tires on that suspension, that the vehicle is too light and not heavily-armed enough for the job, that the Stryker is not air-portable except on the Air Force’s biggest planes when appliqué armor is attached, or at all when its signature bar/slat armor cage is attached, and that the Stryker has to be air-delivered in a knock-down configuration that requires 17 minutes to reassemble before the Stryker is combat-capable after unloading.  The Stryker has also received criticism for being underpowered. Nonetheless, Stryker crews love them, and they have proven to be remarkably tough vehicles in Iraq.  Many vehicles were trialed for the job, but a variant of the Canadian LAV III was finally chosen; Strykers are heavily modified for their mission over the basic LAV III chassis.  The Stryker entered service in 2002 and saw its first combat action in Iraq in early 2004.

     Action in Iraq revealed an unforeseen transmission problem in the Stryker; they have been the subject of a $111 transmission refurbishment program since 2006 as a result.

 

The Basic Stryker

     The base member of the Stryker family is the M-1126 Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV).  The base LAV III chassis is obvious, though the Stryker is noticeably longer and wider than the LAV III.  The driver is in the front right of the vehicle, and has a conventional set of controls.  He has vision blocks that ring his position except in the rear.  The driver has an AN/VAS-5 Driver’s Vision enhancer, which provides image intensification and a backup camera, with a passive IR viewer. The commander is slightly to the rear and on the left side of the vehicle, and mans the Kongsberg RWS.  The RWS is normally fitted with an M-2HB, but can be fitted with an M-3M or Mk 19 for greater firepower.  (It can also be fitted with a simple M-240D machinegun if light work is expected and more ammunition carriage is desired.) The RWS unit is equipped with advanced vision equipment, a small spotlight, and two clusters of four smoke grenade launchers on each side of the RWS.  None troops sit in the rear, four on each side and one behind the commander facing to the rear.  There are no firing ports or vision blocks for them.  There is a double hatch on the roof of the passenger compartment and a ramp in the rear with a door in it.  The Stryker has an NBC overpressure system and radiation shielding.

     The M-1126 is equipped with a full BMS system, providing the crew and troops with information on enemy and friendly positions, navigation, and intelligence updates.  The commander has screens that give him this information and information on the vehicle state; the driver has a navigational screen and one that gives him the vehicle state as far as automotive condition is concerned.  The squad leader and troops can access information on the battle state through a screen inside their compartment.  The BMS, of course, includes a ruggedized internal computer and copious digital storage space.  The BMS system includes GPS with an inertial navigation backup.

     The Stryker is equipped with a 350-horsepower turbocharged diesel engine coupled to an automatic transmission.  Some of the automotive components have redundancies.  The engine used is unusually quiet, and when burning JP8 fuel, also has a reduced exhaust plume.  The Stryker has ABS and traction control for more positive braking and traction, especially off-road, and it has a locking differential.  The ABS is on the last three axles, and those wheels also have power brakes. The tires are run-flat and puncture-resistant.   The Stryker is normally 8x8, but can be switched to 8x4 for road use; in this case, the four rear wheels become the drive wheels.  The Stryker has central tire pressure regulation.  The crew and troop compartments have air conditioning and heating, as well as an automatic fire detection and suppression system.  The engine compartment and fuel tanks also have an automatic fire detection and suppression system.  Boxes are mounted on the rear third of the sides of the Stryker to store vehicle, crew, and troop equipment; nonetheless, like virtually all military vehicles in the field or combat, crew and troop equipment is often carried strapped to the top, sides, or glacis.  (Incidentally, this strapped-on equipment can provide some minor “armor.”)

     The base armor of the Stryker is a steel/ceramic sandwich, giving it the equivalent of spaced armor over much of its hull. The floor and suspension are also reinforced to give it enhanced mine and IED protection.  However, the Stryker is almost never seen in combat with its cage of bar/slat armor, which surrounds the vehicle except for the area of the rear where the ramp opens and closes (shots at the rear of the Stryker are 20% likely to hit the cage before they hit the vehicle).  This protection extends to about 30 centimeters above the deck of the vehicle.  The Stryker can also take a MEXAS composite appliqué armor kit, which can be applied to every face of the vehicle, to varying degrees.  The bar/slat armor and the MEXAS appliqué armor can be used in conjunction with each other to provide superior protection to the vehicle, but this does substantially increase the weight and mobility of the Stryker. IR suppression is also employed on the Stryker; detection by IR devices, thermal imagers, and FLIRs is one level more difficult, as is targeting with IR-guided missiles.  When not equipped with the bar/slat armor, the rounded shape gives it some stealth characteristics; detection by radar in this case is at -3 and targeting by radar-guided weapons is one level more difficult.  (The use of bar/slat armor negates this advantage.)

 

The M-1127 Stryker Reconnaissance Vehicle (RV)

     This vehicle provides a vehicle for scout platoons and squadrons, and carries enhanced sensor equipment.  The M-1127’s enhanced sensor suite includes the Long-Range Advanced Scout Surveillance System (LRAS3) includes a second set of day and night vision devices, including a FLIR sensor, a rangefinder which has GPS and laser channels, and a video camera with an attached image intensifier; the vehicle’s electronics and radio equipment allows this video feed to be transmitted to other units or higher headquarters.  The video camera system can also be routed through the FLIR. The image intensifiers used on the M-1127 are very advanced and allow observation at a range of 15 kilometers, including the ability to identify specific vehicles and structures at that range and just make out personnel present at that range.  It may be noted that the LRAS3 can be used dismounted, on a tripod, but at almost 200 kilograms, ground-mounted use is impractical except in a static position.  The M-1127 also includes a hand version of an image intensifier (normal capabilities), thermal imager, and laser rangefinder.  The M-1127 also has the BMS system.  The dismount crew is reduced, and interior space is a bit more at a premium.  The LRAS3 system is mounted on a second ring mount/hatch to the rear of the driver.  The RV has a second long-range radio with data capability and a second short-range radio.

 

The M-1130 Stryker Command Vehicle (CV)

     The primary difference in the M-1130 is the internal fit – it carries multiple user stations for the BMS and radios.  The BMS system, the FBCB2, is beefed up over the standard Stryker BMS, giving the vehicle multiple stations and switchable screens and more computer power and storage.  The CV uses a “Tactical Internet” system to allow full digital communications, and the Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS) to give more up-to-date, precise positioning of friendly units and the positions of enemy units that intelligence and scout vehicles provide. Two long-range, two medium-range, and two short-range radios are carried, with the two long-range radios being data-capable.  The M-1130 can receive and store imaging from advanced forward elements who are capable of sending such imaging, including those from the M-1127. The M-1130 does not have an RWS, but it does have an M-2HB, which can be supplemented with a Mk 19 if desired.  The M-2HB (and Mk 19, if so equipped) are mounted in soft mounts to reduce recoil and are often equipped with clip-on image intensifiers or thermal imagers.  These weapons are mounted on cupolas, one where the RWS normally is and the other to the rear of the driver (if equipped with a Mk 19); these cupolas are electrically-rotating and ringed with seven vision blocks.  The CV’s BMS can access these vision blocks for a quick look outside the vehicle while under armor.  The cupolas are sometimes surrounded with low-profile AV2 gun shields.  The cupola(s) are also equipped with thermal imagers, and the one mounting an M-2HB is also equipped with a laser rangefinder.  A video camera system, with attached image intensifier, is also mounted on the roof on a flexible mount.

 

The M-1133 Medical Evacuation Vehicle (MEV)

     The MEV is the primary ambulance platform of a Stryker Brigade.  Of course, the MEV is unarmed, like almost all military medical vehicles, but a simple commander’s cupola is retained with all-around vision blocks and a central image intensifier.  The MEV can carry four stretcher patients, two stretcher patients and four seated patients, or six seated patients.  The MEV has assisted stretcher loading for the medic in the rear and the assisting troops – the troops must simply carry the stretcher to the back of the vehicle (and the rampway is larger than an M-113/M-577-based ambulance), pull out a tray, put the stretcher on it and strap it down, and slide the tray and stretcher into the vehicle and lock it.  The upper stretcher positions also have a power lifting system to make loading those positions easier and quicker. The MEV carries the equivalent of two doctor’s medical bags and 20 personal medical kits, as well as an assortment of bandages, splints, burn treatment kits, cravats, and minor medical supplies.  The MEV has a small refrigerator for perishable medical supplies, and a blanket warmer and hot plate, primarily to warm liquids.  The MEV has a ruggedized internal computer with digital storage, used to provide a database to assist the medics in treating patients.  The MEV has a pared-down version of the BMS, which primarily gives the vehicle state, navigation information (with GPS and backup inertial navigation), and one-way information about friendly and enemy positions.  The MEV has a long-range radio which is data-capable, and a short-range radio.  A 20-liter water tank provides drinking and treatment water.  The MEV has a raised roofline to allow the medics to stand and treat the upper stretcher patients more effectively, as well as provide more room for medical supplies.

 

The M-1135 Stryker NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBC RV)

     The NBC RV is meant to replace the M-93A1 Fox in Stryker Brigades, and may eventually totally replace the M-93A1.  The NBC RV has an integrated NBC sensor and analysis suite, including three optical chemical detectors, one direct chemical sniffer, a radiation meter which measures the intensity or radiation and composition of contamination (radioactive elements present as well as the amount of alpha, beta, and gamma radiation), and two movable and retractable arms to directly sample contamination on plants, the ground, structures, etc.  These arms can bring the samples into the vehicle, where they are placed in protected areas of the vehicle.  Biological contamination can also be sampled and analyzed, using air samples. These protected areas can discharge the samples and clean the sample vessels as well.  Air samples can also be taken into the vehicle in protected areas, and similarly discharged.  The NBC RV has a ruggedized vehicle computer to assist in analysis of agents, radiation, and biological contamination, in addition to the standard BMS suite of the Stryker series.  The rear half of the rear area of the NBC RV is raised to provide more room and allow standing; if at all possible, the crew of the NBC RV is to keep their personal equipment inside the vehicle, due to its mission.  The NBC RV is typically armed with the same RWS as on the ICV, including its vision suite. The NBC RV has two data-capable long-range radios and a short-range radio.

 

Other Variants

     The M-1128 MGS, M-1129 Mortar Carrier, M-1131 FSV, M-1132 ESV, M-1134 ATGM Carrier, and the prototypical Stryker SP 105mm Howitzer will be handled on the appropriate areas of the site.

 

     Twilight 2000 Notes: The Stryker is not available in the Twilight 2000 timeline.

 

 

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

M-1126 ICV

$302,770

D, A

2 tons

17.2 tons

2+9

8

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1126 ICV w/Bar/Slat

$304,916

D, A

1.9 tons

17.7 tons

2+9

12

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1126 ICV w/MEXAS

$307,428

D, A

1.4 tons

19.5 tons

2+9

12

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1126 ICV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

$309,574

D, A

1.3 tons

20 tons

2+9

12

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1127 RV

$427,513

D, A

2 tons

17.1 tons

2+5

9

Passive IR (D Rear), Advanced Image Intensification (LRAS3), Image Intensification (D), FLIR (LRAS3), Thermal Imaging (LRAS3)

Shielded

M-1127 RV w/Bar/Slat

$429,659

D, A

1.9 tons

17.6 tons

2+5

9

Passive IR (D Rear), Advanced Image Intensification (LRAS3), Image Intensification (D), FLIR (LRAS3), Thermal Imaging (LRAS3)

Shielded

M-1127 RV w/MEXAS

$432,171

D, A

1.4 tons

19.4 tons

2+5

12

Passive IR (D Rear), Advanced Image Intensification (LRAS3), Image Intensification (D), FLIR (LRAS3), Thermal Imaging (LRAS3)

Shielded

M-1127 RV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

$434,317

D, A

1.3 tons

19.9 tons

2+5

12

Passive IR (D Rear), Advanced Image Intensification (LRAS3), Image Intensification (D), FLIR (LRAS3), Thermal Imaging (LRAS3)

Shielded

M-1130 CV

$446,860

D, A

900 kg

17.6 tons

2+4

10

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D, C, Camera), Thermal Imager (Cupola)

Shielded

M-1130 CV w/Bar/Slat

$471,303

D, A

800 kg

18.1 tons

2+4

10

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D, C, Camera), Thermal Imager (Cupola)

Shielded

M-1130 CV w/MEXAS

$475,961

D, A

700 kg

19.9 tons

2+4

12

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D, C, Camera), Thermal Imager (Cupola)

Shielded

M-1130 CV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

$453,664

D, A

600 kg

20.4 tons

2+4

12

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D, C, Camera), Thermal Imager (Cupola)

Shielded

M-1133 MEV

$348,186

D, A

1 ton

17.5 tons

(5)

9

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D)

Shielded

M-1133 MEV w/Bar/Slat

$350,332

D, A

900 kg

18 tons

(5)

11

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D)

Shielded

M-1133 MEV w/MEXAS

$352,844

D, A

425 kg

19.8 tons

(5)

11

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D)

Shielded

M-1133 MEV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

$354,990

D, A

300 kg

20.3 tons

(5)

11

Passive IR (D Rear), Image Intensification (D)

Shielded

M-1135 NBC RV

$665,918

D, A

1 ton

17.6 tons

4

10

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1135 NBC RV w/Bar/Slat

$668,064

D, A

900 kg

18.1 tons

4

10

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1135 NBC RV w/MEXAS

$670,576

D, A

425 kg

19.9 tons

4

12

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

M-1135 NBC RV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

$672,722

D, A

300 kg

20.4 tons

4

12

Passive IR (D Rear, C), Image Intensification (D, C), Thermal Imaging (C), WL Spotlight

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

M-1126 ICV

148/74

34/18

201

176

                 CiH                  

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR6 (1)

M-1126 ICV w/Bar/Slat

144/73

34/18

201

183

                 CiH                  

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR8Sp (2)

M-1126 ICV w/MEXAS

131/66

31/15

201

200

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF15Cp  HS10Cp  HR7Sp (3)

M-1126 ICV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

128/65

30/15

201

206

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF17Cp  HS12Cp  HR8Sp (4)

M-1127 RV

150/75

35/18

201

176

Stnd

W(8)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR6 (1)

M-1127 RV w/Bar/Slat

146/74

34/18

201

180

Stnd

W(8)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR8Sp (2)

M-1127 RV w/MEXAS

131/66

31/15

201

200

Stnd

W(8)

HF15Cp  HS10Cp  HR7Sp (3)

M-1127 RV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

128/65

30/15

201

206

Stnd

W(8)

HF17Cp  HS12Cp  HR8Sp (4)

M-1130 CV

146/74

34/18

201

180

Stnd

W(8)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR6 (1)

M-1130 CV w/Bar/Slat

142/72

34/16

201

186

Stnd

W(8)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR8Sp (2)

M-1130 CV w/MEXAS

128/65

30/15

201

206

Stnd

W(8)

HF15Cp  HS10Cp  HR7Sp (3)

M-1130 CV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

124/63

28/15

201

224

Stnd

W(8)

HF17Cp  HS12Cp  HR8Sp (4)

M-1133 MEV

145/73

33/18

201

180

Stnd

W(8)

HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR6 (1)

M-1133 MEV w/Bar/Slat

141/79

32/17

201

185

Stnd

W(8)

HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR8Sp (2)

M-1133 MEV w/MEXAS

129/64

30/16

201

202

Stnd

W(8)

HF15Cp  HS10Cp  HR7Sp (3)

M-1133 MEV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

126/63

29/15

201

208

Stnd

W(8)

HF17Cp  HS12Cp  HR8Sp (4)

M-1135 NBC RV

145/73

33/18

201

180

                 CiH                  

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF9Sp  HS6Sp  HR6 (1)

M-1135 NBC RV w/Bar/Slat

141/79

32/17

201

185

                 CiH                  

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF11Sp  HS8Sp  HR8Sp (2)

M-1135 NBC RV w/MEXAS

127/64

29/15

201

204

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF15Cp  HS10Cp  HR7Sp (3)

M-1135 NBC RV w/MEXAS & Bar/Slat

126/63

29/15

201

206

CiH

W(8)

TF2  TS2  TR2  HF17Cp  HS12Cp  HR8Sp (4)

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

M-1126 ICV/M-1135 NBC RV

+2

Fair

M-2HB or M-3M or Mk 19 or M-240D (C)

2000x.50 or 430x40mm Grenades or 3200x7.62mm

M-1127 RV

None

None

M-2HB or M-3M or Mk 19 or M-240D (C)

2000x.50 or 430x40mm Grenades or 3200x7.62mm

M-1130 CV

None

None

M-2HB or M-3M or Mk 19 or M-240D (C)

1000x.50 or 215x40mm Grenades of 1600x7.62mm

(1) Roof AV is 3; Floor AV is 4Sp.

(2) The bar/slat armor provides a sort of “double spaced armor” effect depending upon the face it hits – if the front or sides are hit, 4D6 damage is removed from the hit’s penetration if the Stryker is hit by HE-type rounds.  The rear face’s bar/slat armor protects the rear face only on 20% of hits – the rest of rear face hits have only an AV of 6.  Roof AV is 3, Floor AV is 4Sp.

(3) Roof AV is 4, Floor AV is 5Sp.  Hits from certain angles (front and sides) will have a “composite-spaced” armor effect – divide incoming hits by two for HE-type warhead hits, then subtract 2D6.

(4) Roof AV is 4, Floor AV is 5Sp.  Hits from certain angles (front and sides) will have a “spaced-composite-spaced” effect – divide incoming hits by two for HE-type warhead hits, then subtract 4D6.

(5) See Notes for Crew and passenger capacity.

 

Textron ASV-150

     Notes: The ASV-150 has had a long lineage -- is it a development of the LFV-90 Dragoon armored car, which it itself a development of the Cadillac Gage LAV-150 (for former V-150), which is itself a development of the Cadillac Gage V-100 armored car/APC.  The US Air Force acquired 190 vehicles for its Security Police in 1998, and modified 10 as Mobile Ordinance Disruptor Systems to deal with bombs on Air Force installations, before they were type standardized by the US.  The vehicle was type-standardized as first the XM-1117, then the M-117 when it was proven in Iraq, and taken up by US Military Police and convoy Security Units in Iraq to replace the up-armored HMMWV in some roles.  The ASV-150 was before them field tested by US Army Military Police in Kosovo, who found the successful, though they were the victim of budget cuts when only 49 had been acquired.  Recently, Bulgaria and the new Iraqi Army have bought the ASV-150, and the new Afghanistan Army has 50 on order.  Though not an MRAP, the ASV-150 has proven itself multiple times against mines and IEDs, to one point blowing off all four wheels while protecting the crew inside,

     The driver sits on the front left of the vehicle, in a compartment which is air conditioned.  To his left is the commander, and they sit behind bullet-resistant windshields with further bullet resistant windows to their sides. In the standard APC version, the vehicle has a gunner and carries four troops in the rear.  The troops do not have firing ports, though there is a roof hatch on the rear deck, and two large side hatches.  The troops sit down the sides of the vehicle and have blast-resistant seats.  They have air conditioning and NBC sealing.

     The Air Force Mobile Ordinance Disruptor System (MODS) is armed with a standard turret which is also armed with an Ordinance-Disposal laser; this laser is not strong enough to be used as a weapon, but has sufficient strength to melt electronic parts and explosives.  This laser has a total of 39 shots available to it (from an internal capacitor and batteries).  The laser is eye-safe and can cause no more than 1/2D6 damage per shot to other targets, with Nil penetration; generally, about a one-second burn is required to cause damage. (The standard burn is one second; disrupting an explosive charge can take up to 10 seconds of burning, counting as 10 one-second burns for ammunition purposes.) The MODS version has a crew of four; one member is an EOD specialist to check the explosive and dismounts in full EOD armor. The vehicle also carries the equivalent of 5 personal medical kits and an assortment of splints, bandages, tourniquets, and burn first aid. (The US Army now uses this version as the M-1200 Armored Knight.)

     The standard turret is the same as found of the US Marines AAPV-7A1, and armed with the same weaponry.  The turret has a dedicated gunner, and has the same vision, sights, and night vision as the AAPV-7A1 turret.  The turret has a large basket in the rear for troop supplies, and there is a cluster four smoke grenade launchers on either side of the turret.  The weapons can be depressed to -10 and elevated to 60 degrees.

     The ASV-150 is powered by Cummins CTA-8.3 260-horsepower turbocharged diesel engine which is also able to run off the US Military’s standard of JP8 jet fuel.  This is coupled to an automatic transmission.  The suspension is 4x4 and off-road, with puncture-resistant and run-flat tires and a decent ground clearance, giving it mine resistance.  The armor is a special advanced modular design from IBD, which is sort of a ceramic/steel sandwich.  This can be supplemented by MEXAS appliqué composite armor, and lugs for ERA.  A simple passive armor appliqué kit is available for the ASV-150. Armor is angled along all faces to improve the armor situation.  The vehicle is not an MRAP vehicle, but does have a minor V-shape to the floor.  Ride is described as soft, due to the mine-absorbing suspension. In the hull is a winch with a capacity of 6.8 tons and 100 meters of cable.

     APC-type variants include a command vehicle with two long-range radios (one data-capable), and a short-range radio, a ruggedized laptop computer, map stowage and posting/office/type supplies (a reduced selection), and extra night vision for the turret.  The turret has a laser rangefinder which may double as a laser designator.  The RSTA (Reconnaissance and Surveillance Target Acquisition) version has a one long-range (data-capable), one medium-range, and one short-range radio, a reduced crew, and additional target acquisition devices such as enhanced night vision and a laser rangefinder/designator, as well as enhanced day observation devices and a small computer related to fire direction and surveillance activities and relaying them to other units.  It is equipped with GPS.

     The Ambulance version is a small ambulance, able to carry two stretcher cases or four seated patients plus a medic. It has the equivalent of one doctor’s medical bag, 10 personal medical kits, and a small selection of bandages, splints, and burn treatment kits.  The Ambulance version is unarmed and has no turret.

 

     Twilight 2000 Notes: The ASV-150 is available in small numbers in the Twilight War; however, the MEXAS armor kit is not available, nor are the command or ambulance versions.

 

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

ASV-150 MODS

$79,969

D, A

750 kg

13.2 tons

4

9

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 MODS w/MEXAS

$83,637

D, A

425 kg

14.5 tons

4

10

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 MODS w/Appliqué

$80,989

D, A

650 kg

13.7 tons

4

9

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 APC

$68,184

D, A

1.5 tons

13.4 tons

3+6

8

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 APC w/MEXAS

$71,852

D, A

1.2 tons

14.7 tons

3+6

10

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 APC w/Appliqué

$69,184

D, A

1.4 tons

13.9 tons

3+6

8

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 Command

$158,909

D, A

650 kg

13.7 tons

3+3

9

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 Command w/MEXAS

$162,577

D, A

325 kg

15 tons

3+3

11

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 Command w/Appliqué

$159,929

D, A

550 kg

14.2 tons

3+3

9

Passive IR (D, C, G)

Enclosed

ASV-150 RSTA

$197,432

D, A

700 kg

13.8 tons

5

9

Passive IR (D, C, G), Image Intensification (G, C), Thermal Imaging (C)

Enclosed

ASV-150 RSTA w/MEXAS

$201,100

D, A

375 kg

15.1 tons

5

11

Passive IR (D, C, G), Image Intensification (G, C), Thermal Imaging (C)

Enclosed

ASV-150 RSTA w/Appliqué

$198,452

D, A

575 kg

14.3 tons

5

9

Passive IR (D, C, G), Image Intensification (G, C), Thermal Imaging (C)

Enclosed

ASV-150 Ambulance

$78,412

D, A

650 kg

13.7 tons

***

9

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

ASV-150 Ambulance w/MEXAS

$81,349

D, A

400 kg

14.7 tons

***

11

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

ASV-150 Ambulance w/Appliqué

$79,228

D, A

550 kg

14.1 tons

***

9

Passive IR (D, C)

Enclosed

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

ASV-150 MODS

162/82

37/19

264

135

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS6  TR5  HF12Sp  HS7Sp  HR7*

ASV-150 MODS w/MEXAS

151/76

35/18

264

148

Trtd

W(4)

TF8Cp  TS8Sp  TR6  HF16Cp  HS9Sp  HF8**

ASV-150 MODS w/Appliqué

158/79

37/18

264

140

Trtd

W(4)

TF8  TS7  TR5  HF14Sp  HS8Sp  HR7*

ASV-150 APC

160/81

37/19

264

137

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS6  TR5  HF12Sp  HS7Sp  HR7*

ASV-150 APC w/MEXAS

146/74

33/17

264

150

Trtd

W(4)

TF8Cp  TS8Sp  TR6  HF16Cp  HS9Sp  HF8**

ASV-150 APC w/Appliqué

154/78

35/18

264

142

Trtd

W(4)

TF8  TS7  TR5  HF14Sp  HS8Sp  HR7*

ASV-150 Command

152/76

34/18

264

140

Trtd

W(4)

TF6  TS6  TR5  HF12Sp  HS7Sp  HR7*

ASV-150 Command w/MEXAS

143/72

33/17

264

154

Trtd

W(4)

TF8Cp  TS8Sp  TR6  HF16Cp  HS9Sp  HF8**

ASV-150 Command w/Appliqué

151/76

34/18

264

146

Trtd

W(4)

TF8  TS7  TR5  HF14Sp