AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven

Notes: The RQ-11 Ravenís career in the US military began in 1999, when the US Army bought four FQM-151 Pointer UAVs for modification to use as short-range UAVs for use in urban warfare scenarios. The Pointer proved to be too large for use in the role envisioned (particularly itís ground control equipment), but the Pointer did prove promising enough that the US Army continued the project with AeroVironment. AeroVironment not only developed a much smaller ground control station, but also made the UAV itself smaller, eventually becoming the Flashlight in 2001, and the Raven in 2002. The full-production Block II version went into service in 2003. The first Ravens approved for LRIP and combat testing proved to be somewhat unreliable in launching and flight stability, so a Block II version was designed to fix the problems of the Block II version. The Block II version is designated the RQ-11B, and also known as Raven B.

The Raven comes in 3 small cases that fit into a standard MOLLE or large ALICE rucksack; the ground station has its own case. The Ravenís standard payload consists of a nose or side-looking CCD TV camera capable of panning and zooming, a nose-mounted IR camera, and a side-looking IR camera. Except for the CCD TV camera, the cameras do not have zoom capability, nor can any of them be locked onto a target, but the Raven is stable and quiet enough for discreet surveillance. The cameras are designed more to "take a look over the hill" than for detailed target surveillance. Other parts of the standard payload include a GPS receiver and the receiver/transmitter for signals from the ground operator, along with a small microprocessor; in addition, another 0.18 kilograms of equipment may be carried. Any part of the standard payload can be removed and replaced with other sensors of devices as required. The ground kit includes four extra batteries and a small charger for the batteries that can be plugged into a variety of vehicles and equipment (small folding solar panels are being considered for future deployment). The Raven can operate for 90 minutes on a rechargeable; a single-use battery is also available that will give the Raven 110 minutes of flight time.

The Raven can fly using pre-set GPS coordinates, a pre-set course programmed into it by the ground operator (which can be canceled in flight), or hand-flown by the ground operator using a setup similar to that of a video game. The only launching equipment is a hand and arm Ė another soldier simply throws turns on the engine and throws it into the air like some model airplanes. The Raven is entirely battery-powered, effective control range is 9.98 kilometers. The length of the Raven is a mere 1.1 meters when assembled, with a wingspan of 1.3 meters. Landing consists of simply allowing it to skid along the ground; the Raven is designed to simply fall apart at its assembly points to minimize or prevent damage during landing. The Raven can be flown or programmed to fly back to the operator, or land at a pre-programmed point. If a part of the airframe is damaged beyond the repair capabilities of the ground operator, the cases for the Raven include extra airframe components.

The ground station is not only used to fly the Raven; it can automatically record the pictures and video captured by the cameras for over 24 hours of operation. It includes a DVR that can operate without intervention of the ground operator, and has low-end video and photo editing software. The pictures captured can also be transmitted to other Raven ground stations or to other units if a radio connection is available.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Raven is not available in the Twilight 2000 timeline.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$27,908

Battery

0.18 kg

1.91 kg

1-2

 

Image Intensification, Passive IR

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

81

162

NA 64 2/1 20/10

N/A

Rechargeable: 90 min; Non-Rechargeable: 110 min

4267

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

Ground Control (Range Ė 9.98km) or Autonomous Guidance

CCD TV Camera, 2xPassive IR Cameras, GPS

None

None

BQM-145A MRUAV (Medium-Range Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)

Notes: This is an advanced, high-speed reconnaissance drone used when high performance and quick penetration are needed. The UAV includes 2 hardpoints that may be fitted with extra equipment, droppable sensors, or weapons. It can use a terrain-matching radar system similar to cruise missiles for guidance, or one of several other techniques. Payloads are multipurpose, with several missions often being performed during the same trip. An interesting payload sometimes carried by this vehicle is an EMP generator; this device has a range of 2 km and works in a 30-degree cone in front of the vehicle. On a roll of 8 on 1D20, any unshielded electronics in the cone are disabled immediately, and remain disabled until a repair using 1D6+2 parts has been performed. In addition to ground and ship-launchings, this UAV can be air launched from most aircraft that can carry the weight.

Twilight 2000 Notes: This vehicle was new in production at the start of the Twilight War, and is rather rare.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$78,000

AvG

207 kg

980 kg

4

7

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

1050

1770 (200)

NA 830 6/4 60/40

205

46

12200

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

TERCOM, GPS, Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 2400 km)

3xVideo Camera, 2xStill Camera, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Digital Video Recorder, ECM, Radar Jammer, Radio Jammer, 6xChaff Bundles, 6xIR Flares, Radio Direction Finder, Radar Detector, SIGINT gear, Secure Radio, Satcom Radio

2 Hardpoints

Takeoff: Rail w/RATO Booster; Landing: Parachute, Parafoil

Condor

Notes: Condor is a HALE (High-Altitude, Long-Endurance) UAV built by Boeing in consultation with Dick Rutan, builder of many long-endurance aircraft, including the Voyager, the first aircraft to circle the earth nonstop on one tank of fuel. It is basically a powered sailplane, with a wingspan of over 60 meters, used for long-range surveillance and strategic reconnaissance. Built largely out of honeycomb ceramics and composites, it is very light for its size. The sensor suite is comprehensive, modified from satellite gear, and has a 0.2 meter resolution even from maximum altitude.

Twilight 2000 Notes: Only 5 Condors were built, and at least three were known to have been lost in the Twilight War, with one being shot down by a missile, one being brought down by a MiG-31, and one that crashed for unknown reasons.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$649,000

AvG

815 kg

9.07 tons

5

7

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

345

450 (90)

NA 220 3/2 30/20

7075

118

20000

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

GPS, Inertial Navigation, Autopilot, Autonomic Function, Manual Control (Radio Link, 3000 km)

3xVideo Cameras, 3xStill Cameras, Mapping Gear, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Real-Time Sensor Link, Secure Radios, Satcom Radio, AWACS/JSTARS Interface, Optical Chemical Sniffer, Geiger Counter, ECM, 8xChaff Bundles, 8xIR Flares

2275m/1700m Hardened Runway

Darkstar

Notes: This was the result of a joint US Air Force/Navy "black" project, little known to the public until recently. It is a stealth UAV used for strategic reconnaissance and special operations preparatory work against highly defended sites. It is small and stealthy, and any attempt to locate is on radar or use radar-guided weapons against are three levels more difficult than normal. Attempts to locate with infrared methods, including active and passive IR, thermal imaging, or FLIR are likewise three levels more difficult than normal, as is attempting to use an IR-guided weapon against it. It is a fast, high-flying, difficult to detect vehicle that has the potential to yield a great deal of intelligence data for US forces. Experiments with this UAV are still ongoing.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The existence of this UAV was not known to the public until the Twilight War. It gathered a staggering amount of information on the enemy on the early phases of the war.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$280,000

AvG

450 kg

3.9 tons

5

7

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

520

930 (245)

NA 440 5/3 50/30

2015

168

15200

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

GPS, Autopilot, Autonomous Function, Manual Control (Radio Link, 3000 km)

3xVideo Camera, 3xStill Camera, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Laser Rangefinder/Designator, Secure Radio, Satcom Radio, JSTARS/AWACS Interface, ECM, IRCM, 6xChaff Bundles, 6xIR Flares

1295m/970m Hardened Runway

DP-4

Notes: This is a "VTOL UAV," a UAV that is essentially a miniature helicopter. It was originally designed for use in aerial cinematography, to take motion pictures under difficult conditions and to supplement pictures shot from manned aircraft and from cranes. It was quickly adapted to military use, with its ability to take stable video and feed it to ground stations very useful to battlefield commanders and intelligence personnel. In addition to the usual cameras, the DP-4 has a useful payload that can be used to carry other sensors and devices (a common such payload is a laser designator).

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$4,600

G, AvG

13.4 kg

63.5 kg

2

3

None

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

160

215

10/100

19.84

2.92

1220

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Manual Control (Radio Link, 2 km)

Video Camera, Still Camera (others may be fitted)

6.5m Primitive Runway

Dragon Drone

Notes: This is a somewhat larger and more capable version of the Exdrone, fielded by the US Marines and Coast Guard in the early 1990s. It is of similar, but stronger construction, with a better sensor suite, including a color day camera instead of the black and white one on the Exdrone. It can carry out similar missions to the Exdrone, including stripping out the sensors and delivering packages to downed aircrews, though this was rarely done since the Dragon Drone is more expensive than the Exdrone.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$3,400

AvG

12.1 kg

43 kg

3

3

Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

150

200 (80)

NA 95 5/3 50/30

13.4

4.5

3000

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeof/Landing

GPS, Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 90 km)

Video Camera, Still Camera, Real-Time Camera Link, Laser Rangefinder, Secure Radio

Takeoff: Catapult; Landing: Net, Runway (60m); Primitive Runway

Exdrone

Notes: This is a smaller UAV designed to provide capabilities similar to larger, costlier drones in a cheaper package. It is one of the most produced UAVs ever built, with nearly 1000 built by the turn of the century. It was used by the US Marines as early as the 1991 Gulf War, and it's low cost (Exdrone is short for Expendable DRONE), made it popular with many intelligence efforts. It can also be used to drop small sensors and other packages, such as trail bugs, expendable jammers, etc. Interesting alternate uses for Exdrones was to strip out all sensors and pack the open bays with survival equipment for downed pilots. The vehicle can be destroyed in flight to avoid capture. The Exdrone is of simple construction, built mostly of Styrofoam and balsa wood inside a thin plastic shell.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$2,900

G, AvG

11.34 kg

40.37 kg

3

4

Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

150

200 (80)

NA 95 5/2 50/20

12.6

2

3050

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

GPS, Inertial Navigation, Manual Control (Radio Link, 70 km), Autopilot

Video Camera, Laser Rangefinder, Secure Radios

Takeoff: Catapult; Landing: Skids, 60m Primitive Runway, or Parachute

Firebee

Notes: This UAV was developed by the UASF and CIA in the mid-1960s. It has long been out of service with the US and its allies, but is still in common use, with upgrades, by China (copied from captured models), Pakistan, and some other Chinese trading partners. It is a very large UAV powered by a jet engine, ands launched from under the wing of a large flying aircraft (the US used a variant of the C-130 Hercules transport called the DC-130). It is also controlled by crewmen of that aircraft. It is a "semi-stealth" aircraft, not being designed for stealth, but achieving it as a byproduct of its design, construction materials, and small size. Aircraft attempting to use radar or radar-guided weapons against the Firebee suffer a one level penalty.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$100,000

AvG

244 kg

1.74 tons

4

5

Radar, Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

540

925 (175)

NA 445 4/2 40/20

295

207

21335

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Manual Control (Radio Link, 1950 km), Autonomous Function, Autopilot

2xStill Cameras, Video Camera, IR Camera, Radio Direction Finder, SIGINT Gear, Radar Homer

Takeoff: Air drop

Landing: Aerial helicopter snatch from parachute

Firescout

Notes: This vehicle is unusual in that it is an unmanned adaptation of a manned design, the Schweizer 330 light utility helicopter. Its large size as well as improvement of components over the years allows it to carry a sophisticated autonomous control system, with enough artificial intelligence to allow it to assign priority to targets and track or target certain ones based on threat level. The optics can identify a tank-sized target from 6.4 kilometers, and smaller or larger objects from proportionally closer or further distances. First deployment for the system was from US Navy Aegis cruisers in early 1997, followed by US Marine amphibious assault vessels.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$83,000

AvG

240 kg

1.16 tons

3

6

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

200

380

20/125

155

25.8

6095

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

GPS, Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 172 km)

3xVideo Cameras, 2xStill Cameras, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Laser Designator/Rangefinder, Optical Chemical Sniffer, Geiger Counter, Real-Time Sensor Link, Secure Radios, Satcom Radio

1 Hardpoint

16m Primitive Runway

Global Hawk

Notes: This is currently the pinnacle of HALE UAV development. It is a long-range, long-endurance, high-speed stealth platform, used for strategic intelligence deep inside an enemy's borders. The sensor suite is comprehensive, and includes a long-range radio and data link that can interface directly with a variety of intelligence computer networks with an encrypted wireless connection at a data rate of over 50 Mbps. If a satellite is available, transmission range is potentially infinite. The synthetic aperture radar on the Global Hawk is so sensitive that it can detect moving targets at least the size of a main battle tank within a radius of 200 km, and is able to provide 6 meter resolution in an area of 37x110 km, 1.8-meter resolution in an area of 10 square kilometers, of zoom in to 0.2 meter resolution from maximum altitude. It is not a full stealth design, but radar detection and missile-guidance attempts against it are one level harder than normal, and IR detection and guidance attempts are two levels harder than normal.

Twilight 2000 Notes: It was Global Hawk aircraft that first detected the preparations of Russian for strategic nuclear strikes on the US and Europe; unfortunately, though some evacuations were made, not enough could be done to save most of the population hit, and panic and the resulting jam-ups took care of the rest. Throughout the Twilight War, the 20 Global Hawk UAVs gained valuable intelligence, particularly after the downing of much of NATO's satellite network. Two Global Hawks were also deployed by NATO (one by the British, and one by the Germans, dubbed "EuroHawks"), and one each was used by Israel and Saudi Arabia (called the "GulfHawk").

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$750,000

AvG

900 kg

10.4 tons

5

8

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

610

1080 (250)

NA 515 6/4 60/40

7400

215

20000

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

GPS, Inertial Guidance, TERCOM, Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 3500 km)

3xVideo Cameras, 4xStill Cameras, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Real-Time Sensor Link, Motion Detector, ECM, IRCM, 10xChaff Bundles, 10xIR Flares, ALE-50 Decoy Drone, Laser Rangefinder/Designator, Secure Radios, Satcom Radio, JSTARS/AWACS Interface, Optical Chemical Sniffer, Geiger Counter, Radio Direction Finder, Radar Detector, SIGINT Gear

2 Hardpoints

1615m/1215m Hardened Runway

Gnat-750

Notes: This drone was part of the first generation of "Endurance UAVs," drones with a very long flight time. Three versions of the Gnat are available, the basic Gnat-750, the Gnat-750XP, and the I-Gnat; in addition, the Predator (q.v.) is an advanced version of the Gnat-750. The Gnat-750 has been in use by the US since 1989, and later by Turkey, and was used extensively in the 1991 Gulf War. They were normally used to monitor troop movements and rear areas, since they are quiet and have a low radar and IR cross-section. An extensive user of this vehicle was the US Central Intelligence Agency. With a different electronics package, they can be used as a relay platform for radio and video signals, making it possible for personnel deep behind enemy lines to communicate with higher echelons. Gnat-750XP and I-Gnat actually have 2 hardpoints under each wing and can mount and use weapons, but these hardpoints are more commonly used for fuel tanks or extra sensors or laser designator pods.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Gnat-750

$36,850

AvG

64.86 kg

513 kg

3

5

Radar, FLIR, Image Intensification

Gnat-750XP

$54,000

AvG

231 kg

748 kg

3

5

Radar, FLIR, Image Intensification

I-Gnat

$59,000

AvG

295 kg

748 kg

3

5

Radar, FLIR, Image Intensification

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Gnat-750

205

270 (145)

NA 130 6/2 60/20

256

8.53

4875

Gnat-750XP

250

335 (125)

NA 160 6/2 60/20

300

7.5

6095

I-Gnat

275

365 (135)

NA 175 6/2 60/20

300

7.5

9295

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autopilot, Inertial Navigation, Manual Control (Radio Link, 465 km); (I-Gnat) add GPS

Video Camera, Still Camera, Laser Rangefinder, Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging; (I-Gnat Only) 3xVideo/Still Cameras, Laser Rangefinder, Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging, Real-Time Video Relay, Satcom Unit, Secure Radios

Hardened Runway; (Gnat-750) 745/560m, (Gnat-750XP, I-Gnat) 670/500m

Javelin

Notes: This tiny US UAV is intended to be used at the platoon or higher level by forward combat elements, including LRSU units and special operations forces. Instead of a normal takeoff, the drone's engine is started, and the vehicle hand-thrown into the air. The Javelin was also bought by several US television stations to get pictures from crowded airspace above disaster locations and areas where there are hazardous conditions. Some coastal US TV stations also used them to report on beach conditions and surf size.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$400

G, AvG, Battery

1.45 kg

6.8 kg

2

2

None

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

105

185 (55)

NA 90 6/4 60/40

1.93 or 4 batteries

1.93 or 1 hour

305

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Manual Control (Radio Link, 2 km)

Video Camera

Takeoff: Hand Thrown; Landing: Belly (60m); Primitive Runway (Hardened Runway Not Recommended)

Pioneer

Notes: This US reconnaissance and artillery spotting drone was one of the first of the modern generation of drones used by the US, being deployed by the US Navy for naval artillery spotting from battleships such as the USS Iowa in late 1985, and having been steadily upgraded and used since then. It was developed from the Israeli Scout RPV (q.v.). Its two primary missions are artillery support and bomb damage assessment, though it is also used for general reconnaissance and tracking specific targets, due to its fine-resolution cameras, able to accurately photograph and track targets less than 200mm across from an altitude of over 4500 meters. Pictures from a Pioneer's video camera are featured in a very famous incident in the 1991 Gulf War, where an Iraqi squad tried to surrender to the drone. The primary users of the Pioneer are the US Navy and Marines (who use them for battlefield intelligence). The Pioneer is equipped with an arrestor hook and may be launched from standard carrier catapults.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The US Army operated 8 of them in the Twilight War and the 1991 Gulf War before that.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$13,700

G, AvG

45 kg

190 kg

3

3

FLIR, Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

150

250 (95)

NA 120 7/4 70/40

45.65

7.6

4575

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 185 km)

Video Camera, Still Camera, Real-Time Camera Link, Secure Radio, Laser Designator

Takeoff: Rail w/RATO booster, Catapult, Runway (455m); Landing Net, Runway (335m); Hardened Runway

Pointer

Notes: This is a mini-RPV used by the US Marines, US Army, Oregon Army National Guard, and US Special Operations Command. It is a basic camera-carrying drone, so light that no special launching gear is used; the drone is simply thrown into the air by hand with the engine running. It is a tough little bird, made largely of Kevlar. No fuel is used, rechargeable NiCad batteries being used to power the UAV. It may carry only small loads, but is useful for basic immediate reconnaissance. The camera is in a fixed installation in its nose, and has a narrow range of vision; the vehicle must be pointed directly at the target to photograph it, and that is where the Pointer got its name.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$300

Batteries

0.27 kg

4.13 kg

2

1

None

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

65

110 (40)

NA 55 4/3 40/30

1 NiCad Battery

1 hour

915

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Manual Control (Radio Link, 4 km)

Color Video Camera or Black and White Low-Light Video Camera, Real-Time Video Link, Secure Radio, Armored Body and Wings

Takeoff: Hand-Thrown; Landing: Belly (55m): Primitive Runway

Predator

Notes: This was the US military's primary long-endurance reconnaissance UAV, first flying in 1994, and used extensively in the years leading up to the Twilight War and thereafter. It is a low-speed, but rock-steady platform for reconnaissance and intelligence work. A secondary function is to relay communications from special operations and intelligence assets behind enemy lines. It can interface directly with JSTARS intelligence and battle direction aircraft, and can provide real-time video, still camera, and synthetic aperture radar pictures at any range if satellites are available. Another use of the Predator is as an attack platform, with the capability to carry two Hellfire missiles. Predators normally worked closely with special operations personnel, relaying target information before raids or infiltration, and many were also operated by the CIA.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Italian counterpart to the CIA acquired 6 Predators before hostilities started.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$75,200

AvG

204 kg

1.04 tons

4

6

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

105

175 (65)

NA 85 6/4 60/40

391

16.3

7600

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

TERCOM, GPS, Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Computer Link, Manual Control (Radio Link, 3500 km)

3xVideo Cameras, 3xStill Cameras, Synthetic Aperture Radar, Laser Rangefinder, Laser Designator, Laser Rangefinder, ECM, SIGINT Gear, Radio Direction Finder, Radar Detector, Optical Chemical Sniffer, Geiger Counter, Secure Radios, Satcom Radio, JSTARS/AWACS Interface

2 Hardpoints

1175m/865m Hardened Runway

Scarab

Notes: This is the predecessor of the BQM-145A, flying for the US Air Force since the late 1980s. It is similar in design and performance to the BQM-145A, a bit larger and slower than that vehicle, and lacking in some of the more advanced features of the BQM-145A, as well as the hardpoints. It is basically a high-speed reconnaissance machine, used for pre-strike reconnaissance, target designation, and battle damage assessment.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$70,000

AvG

132 kg

1.13 tons

4

6

FLIR, Image Intensification, Radar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

915

1540 (200)

NA 720 6/4 60/40

236

53

13100

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

GPS, Autonomic Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 925 km)

2xVideo Camera, 2xStill Camera, Synthetic Aperture Radar, ECM, 5xChaff Bundles, 5xIR Flares, SIGINT Gear, Secure Radio, Satcom Radio

Takeoff: Rail w/RATO booster; Landing: Parachute

Scorpion

Notes: This light UAV was used as a short-range reconnaissance drone by the US Army, British Army, and French Navy, as well as for research purposes by NASA's Goddard Flight Center. It is a VTOL aircraft, using "freewing" technology, where the fuselage with engine may rotate freely to match the needs of flight. The UAV may fly like an aircraft or hover over targets like a helicopter, and it is nearly impossible to stall. It may carry several different payloads, for basic reconnaissance, electronic warfare, and antisubmarine work. The EW suite jams enemy radio and radar within a 20 km radius.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$12,500

AvG

25.9 kg

174 kg

3

5

(Recon Mode) FLIR, Image Intensification; (EW Mode) None; (ASW Mode) Radar, Sonar

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

220

375

30/175

44

8.8

4570

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 200 km)

(Recon Mode) Video Camera, Still Camera, Real-Time Camera Link, Laser Rangefinder, Secure Radio; (EW Mode) Radio Direction Finder, Radar Detector, Radar Jammer, Radio Jammer, SIGINT Gear, Secure Radio; (ASW Mode) 6xSonobuoys, 2 Hardpoints, Secure Radio

6m Primitive Runway

Sentry

Notes: This UAVs manufacturing company, S-TEC, is one of the world's leading manufacturers of autopilot systems, so the Sentry has one of the best autopilot and autonomous function systems in the world of RPVs, providing a rock-steady camera platform and excellent maneuverability. Its customers include the US Military, from operational units to the research labs, and governmental agencies such as the CIA, NSA, Border Patrol, FBI, and DEA.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$8,100

G, AvG

34 kg

113 kg

3

3

Passive IR, Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

150

260 (80)

NA 130 5/3 50/40

36

4.5

4880

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 370 km)

Video Camera, Still Camera, Real-Time Video Link, Secure Radio

Takeoff: Catapult or Runway (490m); Landing: Paraglider, Parachute, or Runway (360m); Primitive Runway

Sentry HP

Notes: This is a larger and more capable version of the Sentry, with a better sensor suite and the capability to carry underwing stores on two hardpoints, and a slightly different design.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$11,000

G, AvG

42.5 kg

152 kg

3

4

FLIR, Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

160

275 (80)

NA 135 5/3 50/30

48

6

4880

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 370 km)

2xVideo Cameras, Still Camera, Real-Time Camera Link, Radio Direction Finder, Secure Radio

2 Hardpoints

Takeoff: Catapult or Runway (560m); Landing: Paraglider, Parachute, or Runway (410m); Primitive Runway

Shadow 200

Notes: This multipurpose drone was the fourth try for the US Army to develop a medium multipurpose UAV to replace earlier designs. It has two hardpoints, one other each wing, to carry weapons or extra electronics. It has a good suite of observation gear and can carry a wide variety of other equipment. When used as an EW vehicle, the Shadow 200 makes all enemy radio and radar use 2 levels harder within a radius of 20 kilometers.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$10,800

G, AvG

27.2 kg

149 kg

3

4

Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

195

335 (165)

NA 165 7/4 70/40

43.9

8.8

4575

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 200 km)

(Recon Load) Video Camera, Still Camera, Real-Time Camera Link, Secure Radio; (EW Load) ECM, Radio Direction Finder, Radar Detector, Secure Radio, Radar Jammer, Radio Jammer

Takeoff: Rail w/RATO booster, Runway (505m); Landing: Net, Runway (370m); Primitive Runway

Shadow 600

Notes: This is a larger, more capable version of the Shadow 200. It had more sales than the Shadow 200, in service with several US allies. Endurance is greatly increased, both by larger fuel tanks and more efficient engines. The sensor package is better, as is the load carrying capability. If an EW package is carried, the vehicle makes all enemy radio and radar use 2 levels more difficult in a radius of 30 km. In addition, this drone is sometimes used as an antiradar missile, jamming enemy radio and radar transmissions until its fuel runs out or it is commanded by ground control, then diving to hit an enemy radar with the cargo area taken up by a small warhead. The vehicle, like the Shadow 200, has two underwing hardpoints.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$19,200

AvG

38.6 kg

265 kg

3

4

FLIR, Image Intensification

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

180

315 (165)

NA 155 7/4 70/40

78

5.6

5180

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Autopilot, Manual Control (Radio Link, 200 km)

(Recon Load) 2xVideo Cameras, Still Camera, Real-Time Camera Link, SIGINT Gear, Secure Radio; (EW Load) ECM, IRCM, Radio Direction Finder, SIGINT Gear, Radar Detector, Radar Jammer, Radio Jammer, Secure Radio

Internal Warhead Section

Takeoff: Rail w/RATO Booster, Catapult, Runway (715m); Landing: Net, Parachute, or Runway (525m); Primitive Runway

Skyeye

Notes: The initial version of this US RPV was first flown in 1982, but was not adopted until many improvements had been made, by the US Army in 1992. Since then, it has also been sold to Morocco, Egypt, Thailand, and Taiwan, as well as civilian agencies (it can be fitted with sprayer nozzles and tanks and used for insecticide spraying). Its military use is generally as a reconnaissance drone, though its ability to use sprayer mechanisms led it to be used late in the Twilight War to spray chemical agents on enemy troops. It is a medium-sized UAV with a moderate load-carrying ability. If not carrying a sprayer system, a hardpoint under each wing may carry weapons, extra equipment, or droppable intelligence devices.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Ground Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

$25,400 (C/R)

G, AvG

82 kg

354 kg

3

4

FLIR

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

165

285 (110)

NA 140 5/3 50/30

60.1

7.5

4570

Guidance/Control

Sensors/Equipment

Armament

Takeoff/Landing

Autonomous Function, Manual Control (Radio Link, 185 km)

2xVideo Cameras, 2xStill Cameras, Secure Radios; or chemical sprayer Nozzles and Tanks

2 Hardpoints

Takeoff: Catapult or Runway (690m); Landing: Parachute, Paraglider, or Runway (505m); Primitive Runway