Mitsubishi Type 67 AVLB

     Notes:  This is a Japanese armored vehicle-launched bridge mounted on a Type 61 main battle tank chassis. Like the rest of Japan's military designs, the Type 67 was not export and production was limited to 16 vehicles. The Type 67 has almost totally phased out of service, as the newer Japanese fighting vehicles and tanks can barely be supported by the Type 67's bridge or not at all.

     The bridge is short, 12 meters long and able to span a gap of 10 meters, with a maximum load of 40 tons.  The bridge may be laid in 3 minutes and recovered in 5 minutes; it may be laid over the front of the Type 67, but may be picked up and restowed from either end of the vehicle..  The driver is in the front right of the hull, with the other two crewmembers in the center.  The commander is forward in the hull, while the bridgelayer crewmember is more towards the center of the vehicle. The commander's machinegun can be mounted while carrying the bridge, but with the bridge present, shots to the front of the Type 67 are all but impossible.

     The hull is for the most part identical to the hull of its parent Type 61 tank, with Mitsubishi Type 12 HM 21 WT diesel engine developing 650 horsepower.  The transmission is manual.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$550,338

D, A

300 kg

35 tons

3

24

Active/Passive IR (D)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config*

Susp

Armor

146/102

41/28

875

241

CiH

T6

TF4  TS4  TR4  HF51  HS12  HR8

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

None

None

Type 67 (C)

2000x7.62mm

*The Crew-in-Hull designation is meant to represent the bridge and its machinery when the bridge is mounted on the Type 67.  The turret AV also refers to the bridge and its machinery.  If the bridge is not on the vehicle, the Config is Stnd, and the turret AV does not apply.

 

Mitsubishi Type 67 AEV

     Notes: The accent on the Type 67's abilities is the removal and clearance of battlefield obstructions.  Though Komatsu offered an AEV based on the then-retiring M-4 Sherman, the JGSDF held off until it was presented with a better vehicle based on the Type 61 tank.  The Type 61 has long since been retired, but the Type 67 AEV is still in use.

     The Type 67 has a front-mounted mine plow/dozer blade and is controlled by the driver.  Hull layout is roughly the same as the Type 70 ARV, also like the Type 70, the Type 67 has an A-frame crane with a capacity of 18 tons.  It also uses the same winches as the Type 70 below.  It carries a plethora of tools for obstacle removing, including a two sets of pioneer tools, a full set of power tools and hydraulic tools, including a welding set and air compressor, along with various ropes, cable, hooks, and even a tow bar. A book locker is provided with books concerning various combat engineer tactics, tasks, and solutions.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$1,145,050

D, A

600 kg

35 tons

4

19

Active/Passive IR (D)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor*

147/103

41/29

875

193

Stnd

T6

HF51  HS12  HR8

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

None

None

Type 67 (C)

2000x7.62mm, Engineer Demo Chest, 20 kg C4

*The front dozer blade can help protect the Type 67, depending on where the shot hits and how high the blade is raised.  The blade has an AV of 8Sp.

 

Mitsubishi Type 70 ARV

     Notes:  This Japanese recovery vehicle is based on the chassis of the Type 61 main battle tank, and even more so than the Type 67 AVLB, has been phased out of Japanese service.  As with other Japanese military equipment, it is prohibited by Japan's constitution to sell it abroad, and the phased-out Type 70s have been scrapped, used as range targets, or ended up in museums.

     As with most such vehicles, the turret of the Type 61 has been replaced with a raised superstructure; there is also an area on the flat rear deck which may carry the powerpack of the Type 61 or smaller vehicles.  Atop the superstructure is an A-frame crane with a capacity of 18 tons.  The Type 70 has a main winch with a capacity 35 tons, or 70 tons with block and tackle, and with 60 meters of cable.  An auxiliary winch has a capacity of 3 tons, or 6 tons with block and tackle. The tool kit on the Type 70 includes a tow bar, basic, tracked vehicle, heavy ordinance, and excavating tools, an air compressor, and an arc welder.  Inside, there is storage for tech manuals of various sorts of Japanese vehicles. Generally when replacing a powerpack or lifting a large load, a dozer blade at the front is lowered to increase stability.  The Type 70 is armed with an 81mm mortar (primarily used for launching ILLUM and Smoke rounds, though other rounds can certainly be fired), a commander’s heavy machinegun, and a light machinegun on a pintle manned by one of the mechanics through an open hatch.  It also has four clusters of five smoke grenade launchers.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$1,279,766

D, A

4.6 tons

35 tons

4

19

Active/Passive IR (D)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor*

147/103

41/29

875

192

Stnd

T6

HF51  HS12  HR8

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

None

None

81mm M-2 Mortar, M-2HB (C), Type 67 (M)

27x81mm, 600x.50, 1000x7.62mm

*The front dozer blade can help protect the Type 70, depending on where the shot hits and how high the blade is raised.  The blade has an AV of 8Sp.

 

Komatsu Type 75 ACE

     Notes:  This is a Japanese Armored Combat Earthmover (ACE) that entered development in 1964 and service in 1975.  It replaced the D-9 non-armored combat earthmovers that the Japanese were using until that point.

     The dozer blade is to the rear, and the vehicle is driven backwards for earthmoving operations, the driver sighting through a vision block to his rear and left.  He sits in a turning seat with driving and dozer controls to the front and rear of him. In the front of the driver is an armored window with an aluminum armored shutter; to the rear is another armored window with an armored shutter. The crew enters through a door on the right side of the hull or by two hatches on the roof of the crew compartment in front.  The driver is on the left, and the commander on the right.  The driver also has wide-angle vision blocks to the front and rear, for use when the armored shutters are closed. The commander can also step up on a platform in the cab, guiding his driver through an intercom link. The driver has the same armored windshield and shutter as the driver, but has no windshield to the rear; he has one wide-angle vision block to the front for when the armored shutter is closed. The engine and radiator are at the rear of the vehicle; they are protected by appliqué armor and the rear is better protected than most light armored vehicles. The engine is a Mitsubishi diesel developing 345 horsepower.  It is capable of working at a fuel-saving 160 horsepower, high-torque mode, normally when working with the dozer blade.  The suspension is by torsion bar, with shock absorbers on the front, second, and rear roadwheels. The dozer blade is full-width (3.45 meters) and is hinged in the middle so it can be used as a mine plow. When traveling it is pulled up and in against the rear end. The Type 75 also has a winch with a capacity of 35 tons, or 70 tons with block and tackle; note, however, that block and tackle equipment is not normally carried by the Type 75. However, three sets of pioneer tools are carried, as well as a power saw and chainsaw; there are numerous lockers and bins for more equipment. The Type 75 is not normally armed, and no provision for a weapon is provided.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$432,962

D, A

1.5 tons

19.2 tons

2

13

Headlights

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor*

138/97

38/27

595

98

Stnd

T3

HF4  HS4  HR5**

 

Mitsubishi Type 78 ARV

     Notes:  This is an Armored Recovery Vehicle based on the Type 74 main battle tank chassis.  It is more up-to-date than the Type 67 ARV. That said, the Type 78, has much the same equipment as the Type 67, if in an updated form. The Type 78 was designed as a recovery vehicle primarily for the Type 61 and Type 74 tanks and is being used as an interim solution for the recovery of the Type 90 and Type 10 tanks. The JGSDF had 50 Type 78s in service in 1999, but some have been retired or raided for spare parts.

     In place of a turret, the Type 78 has a raised superstructure offset to the right.with a crane on the right able to lift 20 tons, easily able to lift the turret of any vehicle in Japanese service.  The crane may be traversed through 270 degrees, and has a reach of five meters. The Type 78 has a winch with capacity of 38 tons (or 76 tons with block and tackle), and 60 meters of cable.  The winch has high-speed (15 meters/minute) and low-speed (6 meters/minute) modes. The winches (both of them) have tension devices which make sure that the cables wind and unwind on the drum evenly. An auxiliary winch has capacity of 3.26 tons. or 6.52 tons with block and tackle; it is normally used as a lead winch for the main winch. The vehicle carries a wide variety of recovery and repair tools, including a tow bar, basic, tracked vehicle, heavy ordinance, and excavating tools, an arc welder, two 20-ton hydraulic jacks, and an air compressor; a selection of spare parts is also carried, and items such as transmission fluid and lubrication oils and grease. There is a dozer blade at the front of the vehicle for bracing and earthmoving; in addition the suspension can be locked to further brace the vehicle.

     The Type 78 is powered by a Mitsubishi 10 ZF 720-horsepower turbocharged diesel, with an automatic transmission, three smoke grenade launchers can be found at the front of the superstructure on either side.  The commander is armed with a heavy machinegun, though only a limited supply of ammunition is carried as basic load and the weapon; as on virtually all such vehicles, is defensive in nature. His position is on the front center of the roof.  The driver is on the front right. The other crewmembers have seats in the hull. There is a third hatch on the roof with an adjustable stand to allow one of the mechanics to be an equipment operator; it has no vision blocks. On each side of the center of the glacis, there is a cluster of three smoke grenade launchers.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$1,130,040

D, A

5 tons

38 tons

4

27

Passive IR (D)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor*

149/104

41/29

950

267

Stnd

T6

HF56  HS14  HR10

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

None

None

M-2HB (C)

660x.50

 

Mitsubishi Type 90 ARV

     Notes:  This is a Japanese recovery vehicle based on the chassis of the Type 90 tank; and designed specifically to service the Type 90 tank and other vehicles, and replace the Type 78 ARV.  By 1999, 14 Type 90 ARVs have been delivered to the JGSDF; though production rate is slow, they certainly have more by now.

     Instead of a turret, the Type 90 ARV has a raised superstructure and a crane on the right side with a capacity of 25 tons.  The crane can be controlled from outside the vehicle via a control box connected to the Type 90 with a cable. It pivots from the front right side and folds along the right side for travelling. It also has a winch with a capacity of 55 tons (110 tons with block and tackle), and 80 meters of cable.  On the front of the vehicle is a dozer blade that is used to stabilize the vehicle during recovery operations and to clear obstacles and prepare fighting positions;  The Type 90 ARV carries a wide variety of tools, including basic, tracked vehicle, heavy ordinance, and excavating tools, two 20-ton hydraulic jacks, and an arc welder and air compressor.  A tow bar and a selection of spare parts for the Type 90 and a few other commonly-recovered vehicles is also carried.  The driver sits on the front left with the commander and two other crewmembers behind him in the superstructure. The hull layout of hatches, bins, and lockers are much the same as the Type 67; these boxes are where most of the tools and some of the spare parts are located.

     Commander's and driver's positions are in the front of the nearly-vertical front of the vehicle.  At the rear if a larger hatch for the recovery specialist can use the crane and enter and exit. When traveling, the crane is folded along the right side of the superstructure; the superstructure is shifted to the left side to allow this. The commander has a cupola above his position, manually-operated and with a pintle-mounted heavy machinegun.  The Type 90 has five-cell smoke grenade launchers at the top of the forward superstructure. This gun may aimed and fired from inside the vehicle with hatches closed. The interior has the ability to recover the Type 90 tank or any similar or lighter vehicle; four seats inside are for the recovered vehicle's crew. The T-90 ARV is equipped with the same engine as the Type 90 tank: Mitsubishi 10ZG turbocharged diesel developing 1500 horsepower, coupled to an automatic transmission; the Type 90 can lock it's suspension as well as pivot turn in place.  The Type 90 ARV is connected to an BMS and has a small computer that carries tech manuals for all Japanese vehicles as well as the BMS software.  Two LCD screens allow the crew to monitor the BMS information; the driver has an LCD screen to monitor the vehicle's health, and the commander has a duplicate of the BMS screens. Conventional maps are also carried, as well as a small computer and typed notes that summarize recovery and repair information and solutions.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$2,051,372

D, A

7.59 tons

49.57 tons

4+4

29

Passive IR (D), Image Intensification (C)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

212/149

59/41

1100

557

Stnd

T6

HF100Cp  HS24Sp  HR12*

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

None

None

M-2HB (C)

1500x.50