ATS-59

Notes: This is an earlier version of the ATG-59G (see above). Though its primary role is that of an artillery tractor, it has also seen use as a personnel carrier. The cab is forward, with the engine behind it. This prevents the full cargo area from being used, as the engine projects into this area. The cab is steel, with a hatch on the right side of the roof and doors on either side. The ATS-59 can tow a load of 14 tons, or carry 3 tons in its bay. Some ATS-59s have had the rear cargo area replaced with a heavy-duty fifth wheel; these vehicles tow trailers mounting the SA-2 surface to air missile.

The ATS-59G tracked logistics carrier is primarily used as an artillery tractor. In this role, the vehicle can tow a load of 14 tons, or carry a load of 3 tons. It is a development of the ATS-59 (see below), with a much larger cab to allow the entire crew to ride inside. The engine has been moved under the cab. There is a hatch on the roof of the cab with a machinegun mount; however, no weapon is provided with the vehicle. The cargo area has a canvas cover over bows. This vehicle is used by Russian and Pact forces, and by Yugoslavia. The Egyptians also use this vehicle, and some of them have been modified to carry a 30-round 122mm rocket launcher.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

ATS-59

$8,839

D, A

3 tons

13 tons

2+9

7

Headlights

Open

ATS-59G

$8,839

D, A

3 tons

13.75 tons

6

7

Headlights

Open

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

ATS-59

147/103

34/24

580

111

Stnd

T2

HF1 HS1 HR1

ATS-59G

142/100

33/23

580

111

Stnd

T2

HF1 HS1 HR1

BAV-485

Notes: The Soviets received a number of DUKWs from the US during World War 2 for use in amphibious operations. Though they liked the DUKWs capabilities, they felt there was room for improvement, and also wanted to use indigenous trucks as a basis. The BAV-485 was designed to this end, and it was first fielded in 1952, based on a Zil-151 6x6 truck chassis. The biggest change from the standard DUKW body was the addition of a drop ramp in the rear of the vehicle, along with ramps carried on the sides of the vehicle when not in use. This not only allowed troops to rush out of the vehicle in a fight, it allowed the loading of small field guns, larger mortars, and even small vehicles into the cargo compartment. The BAV-485 uses a central tire regulation system, but the controls are on the outside of the vehicle on the air lines leading to the tires themselves. The layout of the BAV-485 is otherwise virtually identical to the DUKW, with an engine at the front, a small area behind the engine compartment with two seats from which the vehicle is driven, and a rear cargo area with folding bench seats along the sides plus one behind the driverís area. This cargo area may be covered with bows and a canvas tarpaulin. Most are seen unarmed, but a few have a post behind the front seats upon which a DShK is normally mounted (but not included in the price of the vehicle).

A later version of the BAV-585, the BAV-485A, uses a Zil-157 6x6 truck as its basis. Itís a more robust chassis with a more advanced design; unfortunately, the BAV-485A loses 1 horsepower in the bargain. One improvement is the central tire regulation system, which on the BAV-485A is adjustable from the driverís controls.

Though formerly in service throughout the former Warsaw Pact and Soviet Union, the BAV-485 and BAV-485A was later largely replaced by the K-61, and later the PTS series. Some examples may still be found in out-of-the-way former Soviet client states (especially Vietnam), but most are now used by civilians and civilian agencies ranging from private users to scientific research organizations. Some may also be found in museums and in the hands of collectors. Sadly, most have simply corroded and degraded away into scrap.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

BAV-485

$11,316

G, A

2.5 tons

7.15 tons

2+25

4

Headlights

Open

BAV-485A

$11,316

G, A

2.5 tons

7.12 tons

2+25

4

Headlights

Open

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

BAV-485

146/36

37/9/2

240

47

Stnd

W(3)

HF1 HS1 HR1

BAV-485A

146/36

37/9/2

240

46

Stnd

W(3)

HF1 HS1 HR1

GAZ-53

Notes: One of the oldest military trucks still in regular service, the GAZ-53 is still in service in former Warsaw Pact countries. It is a truck resembling many commercial cargo trucks around the world, with a wooden floor for the cargo area as well as removable fence-type sides and a canvas top. The engine is quite powerful for a truck of its weight, but as it is a gasoline engine, it is also a bit fuel-hungry. Variants include water and fuel tankers, a dump truck, a tractor truck, and a crane truck.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$6,426

G, A

3 tons

3.25 tons

2+12

2

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

148/60

37/15

90 + 150

84

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1

KAMAZ-4350

Notes: This is a newer Russian medium truck. It is part of a family of trucks, including the KAMAZ-5350 and KAMAZ-6350. It is mostly a conventional design, but has a long range due to its high-efficiency engine. It is otherwise a conventional cabover truck.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$12,331

D, A

4 tons

7.9 tons

3+18

5

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

172/70

43/18

295

88

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1

MT-L

Notes: Developed at about the same time as the GT-T (see Russian Light Unarmored Vehicles), the MT-L is also called an over-the-snow/amphibious carrier; however, in its base form, it is not so much an over-the-snow vehicle as it has a rather high ground pressure and will sink in powdery or deep snow. A variant, the MT-LV, uses wider, lighter tracks and is much better at negotiating snow and ice. The MT-L is also good at traversing mud, swamps, and small bodies of water, and is amphibious without preparation. The MT-L spawned a variety of tracked vehicles, including the MT-LB and PT-76.

The MT-L is a medium-sized vehicle that is able to transport a surprising amount of cargo or troops for its size. The enclosed cab may carry the driver and up to 7 other persons; the rear area, covered with a canvas tilt, may seat up to ten additional troops. Both compartments have a heating system, and the engine and mechanical components are likewise winterized. There are large doors on either side of the cab, and there is also a roof hatch. The engine is in the center of the vehicle. The rear cargo area has fold-down seats and has a tailgate at the rear; the canvas tilt used with the MT-L has three plastic windows in the sides and one in the rear. The MT-L is capable of towing up to 7 tons, but if this much weight is towed internal cargo carrying capacity is reduced to 2.5 tons. Despite its age, the MT-L is still in widespread service with Russia and her former republics, and remained in production for decades.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$8,466

D, A

4 tons

8.5 tons

2+13

6

Headlights

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

172/90

40/30/4

450

80

Stnd

T2

HF1 HS1 HR1

Ural-355M

Notes: This old truck is only in limited use by Russian forces, primarily by Category 3 and Mobilization-Only units. It is an updated Ural-355 which was in turn an updated ZIS-150. It is a standard-format cargo truck, with a wooden cargo color and fence-type sides.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$5,814

G, A

3 tons

3.4 tons

2+12

2

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

144/58

36/15

110

69

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Ural-375

Notes: A 6 x 6 truck with good cross-country performance, the Ural-375 is the carrier for the BM-21 rocket launcher system. The layout is conventional, with a fully enclosed cab behind the engine and a cargo bed at the rear. The standard vehicle has a drop tailgate and canvas cover. The cab has a heater. The Ural-375 is also used as a tanker, decontamination vehicle, workshop, fire engine, crane, recovery vehicle, and as a SA-4 Ganef SAM launcher.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$10,951

G, A

4 tons

8.4 tons

2+17

5

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

138/56

35/14

360

131

Stnd

W(3)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Ural-4325

Notes: This development of the Ural-4320-10 was designed for export, and many were sold to Middle Eastern nations aligned with Russian before and during the war; in addition, a few hundred were taken into Russian, Polish, and Czech service during the war. The number of wheels has been reduced to 4; this results in less load carrying capacity, but also results in a truck that is less expensive to maintain and operate. Most of the parts of a Ural-4320-10 will work in a Ural-4325, but the engine is a different, less powerful, more fuel-efficient model. An optional feature is one of two winches, with either a 7-ton or 9-ton capacity, using 60 meters of cable.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$10,951

D, A

4 tons

7.63 tons

3+24

4

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

148/60

37/15

300

65

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Zil-130

Notes: This aged Russian-built vehicle serves on with the armed forces of many vehicles, though in Russia the Ural-4320-10 and other vehicles were replacing it. The Zil-130 served as the basis for the Zil-131. The Zil-130is conventional, with the engine at the front, cab in the center, and rear cargo area. The Zil-130 comes in several versions, including cargo/troop carrier, dump truck, tanker, and decontamination vehicle. The cab of the Zil-130 has room for the driver and two passengers.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$12,065

G, A

4.5 tons

4.5 tons

3+20

4

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

166/66

42/17

150

123

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Zil-131

Notes: The replacement for the Zil-157, this 6x6 medium truck has a greater load capacity, more powerful engine, and power engine. The cab is heated. The truck is used for cargo or troop transport, and as a prime mover for the D-30 howitzer. Other versions include dump truck, fire engine, SA-6 towing vehicle, decontamination vehicle, tanker, and even as a well-drilling platform. It is also used as the basis for the BM-14 and BM-21 MRLs.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$9,623

G, A

3.5 tons

6.7 tons

3+14

4

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

142/56

36/14

340

109

Stnd

W(3)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Zil-150

Notes: The Zil-150 was one of Russiaís first post-war designs, being first built in 1946. They are conventional layout vehicles found primarily wheezing along in Third World backwaters. The Chinese CA-10 Liberation is a modification of the Zil-150.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$6,819

G, A

3.5 tons

3.9 tons

3+14

3

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

130/52

33/13

150

65

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Zil-151

Notes: This is an ancient Russian truck produced in the late 1940s and early 1950s, and now found primarily in backwater portions of the Third World. It is an entirely conventional design, with the engine in front, crew cab, and rear cargo area. Hard body models and conversions of this truck are common. Late production versions can be distinguished by the flatter hood and radiator cover they have (the same as on the Zil-157).

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$8,194

G, A

2.5 tons

5.58 tons

3+10

3

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

126/50

32/13

300

66

Stnd

W(3)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Zil-157

Notes: This 6x6 medium truck was being replaced in Bloc service by the Zil-131. The layout of the vehicle is conventional, with a front-mounted engine, a cab behind the engine for two persons, and a cargo bed with a variety of bodies. Most of these trucks have a front-mounted winch. The Zil-157 is used for many roles, including cargo/troop carrier, semi-trailer towing vehicle, SAM and FROG missile towing vehicle, decontamination vehicle, tanker, firefighting vehicle, crane truck, bridge carrier, and as the basis for various MRLs (such as the BM-24 and BM-14.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$8,642

G, A

2.5 tons

5.8 tons

2+10

3

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

134/54

34/14

150

78

Stnd

W(3)

HF1 HS1 HR1

Zil-164

Notes: This was the replacement for the ZIL150 truck of post- War 2 vintage. It fostered over a score of variants and was in front line service for over 20 years. Most were replaced by the Zil-130, but some soldier on in secondary former Warsaw Pact service and in Third World countries.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$6,859

G, A

3.5 tons

4.1 tons

3+14

4

Headlights

Open

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

130/52

33/13

150

73

Stnd

W(2)

HF1 HS1 HR1