Bofors Strv-2000

     Country of Origin: Sweden

     Notes: This vehicle does not exist in real life, beyond a wooden full-sized model.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: Designed shortly before the war, the Strv-2000 was put into production during the Twilight War since the supply of Leopard 2A5s stopped when Germany decided it needed them more than the money from exports. The vehicle features state of the art night vision, full gun stabilization and fire control, a large caliber gun, and a coaxial cannon for engaging soft targets and lighter AFVs. Normally, only APFSDS or APFSDS-T ammunition was carried for the main gun, since the type of targets normally engaged by HEAT, HE, or WP ammunition would be engaged by the coaxial cannon or machinegun. The Strv-2000 was perhaps the most heavily armed and armored ground vehicle in the world in the Twilight War.

     Merc 2000 Notes: This vehicle does not exist in the Merc 2000 timeline.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$847,040

D, A

700 kg

56.5 tons

4

18

2nd Generation Thermal Imaging, Passive IR, Image Intensification

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

171/119

35/25

1200

907

Trtd

T6

TF194Cp TS42Sp TR22 HF243Cp HS30Sp HR14

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+5

Good

140mm gun, Bofors L/70, Ksp-39, MAG (C)

38x140mm, 180x40mm, 2400x7.62mm

 

GDLS M-1A3 Abrams IV

     Country of Origin: United States    

     Notes: This vehicle grew out of General Dynamics’ experimentation with the FMBT (Future Main Battle Tank) concepts, but was never built. I've heard some rumors that there is an upgrade to the M-1A2 that will be designated the M-1A3, but this vehicle is not it.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: Also known as the “Giraffe,” the Abrams IV is a standard M-1A2 chassis with a greatly modified interior and an unmanned casemate turret mounting with a standard 120mm gun or an L/55 version of the 120mm gun.  In either case, the M-1A3 is equipped with all the improvements of the M-1A2SEP, as well as a more powerful engine.  This, combined with its lighter weight, give the M-1A3 a leap in mobility over other M-1A2-based designs.  Always rare in the Twilight War, with only about 150 of them being built, most of the Giraffes were deployed to divisional cavalry squadrons in the Middle East, though some 30 late production Giraffes were issued to the TXNG’s 49th Armored Division, and about 10 showed up in USMC service in Europe (though it is a mystery how the Marines got them, since they were never officially issued to Marine units).  The driver’s hatch is moved to the front left deck, and the commander’s hatch to the front left deck.  The gunner uses the commander’s hatch.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$758,709

D, G, AvG, A

700 kg

59 tons

3

19

Thermal Imaging, Passive IR

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

165/116

35/25

1907

1092

CiH

T6

TF132Cp  TS43  TR35  HF264Cp  HS38Sp  HR28

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+5

Good

120mm Rheinmetall or L/55 Gun, MAG, M-2HB (C)

40x120mm, 12400x7.62mm, 1000x.50

 

GDLS M-1A4 Abrams V

     Country of Origin: United States

     Notes: This vehicle does not exist in real life; in fact, I made it up myself!

     Twilight 2000 Notes: This vehicle is a progressive development of the M-1A2SEP, mounting a heavier caliber gun, coaxial cannon in addition to the machinegun for less armored targets, and a commander's weapon mount that can use a variety of weapons.  The vehicle is equipped with 2nd generation thermal imaging, a VIDS system, and an IR jammer.  Most of these vehicles never made outside of the continental US, though it is estimated that about 10 were deployed to Europe, and another 20 to the Middle East.  Most of these vehicles were used against the Mexicans (where most of the combat against them resulted in lopsided slaughters in favor of the US side), and to Alaska and Canada to combat the Russian invasion.

     Merc 2000 Notes: This vehicle does not exist in the Merc 2000 timeline.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$979,831

D, G, AvG, A

500 kg

62.4 tons

4

19

Passive IR, 2nd Generation Thermal Imaging

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

159/112

35/25

1907

1099

Trtd

T6

TF211Cp  TS53Sp  TR45  HF264Cp  HS38Sp  HR28

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+5

Good

140mm gun, 30mm Bushmaster II, MAG, MAG (L), M-2HB (C) or BRG-15 (C) or M-214 (C)

69x105mm NATO, 7250x7.62mm, 1100x.50

 

General Dynamics M-60-2000

     Country of Origin: United States

     Notes: Though General Dynamics has been aggressively marketing this hybrid, they have not yet found any buyers.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: In the late 1990s, the US Army and Marines were faced with the problem of large amounts of M-60A1 and A3 tanks that were outclassed in performance, especially with deficiencies with its fire control system, and night vision suite. At the same time, it was realized that large amounts of retired M-1 turrets were available when the US Army switched over to the M-1A1 and later models in the starting in the late 1980s, and that the lighter M-60 chassis with its diesel engine were more fuel-economical, and that the chassis of existing M-60 tanks were still quite serviceable. Someone did the math, and discovered that M-60 chassis can be quite easily modified to accept M-1A1 turrets. Starting in 1997, some 250 M-60s were modified to this standard, and type-standardized as the XM-60A5; however, they were more commonly known to their crews as the M-60-2000, or Abrams Junior. Some 75-90 were sent to the European and Middle Eastern Theatres, but most did not make it out of the continental US, and most were sent to Alaska and the Pacific Northwest to fight the Russian invasion, and about 40 were sent to the American Southwest. Most of the hulls were equipped with side skirts, and most also used reactive armor in an attempt to match the superb armor protection of their turrets.

     Merc 2000 Notes: This vehicle program was eventually dropped due to lack of buyers.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$589,902

D, A

600 kg

53.4 tons

4

18

Passive IR, Thermal Imaging

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

92/64

21/15

1420

341

Trtd

T6

TF161Cp TS36Sp TR30 HF60 HS12Sp HR8

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+4

Good

105mm M-68 gun, MAG, MAG (L), M-2HB (C)

55x120mm, 11400x7.62mm, 1000x.50

 

General Dynamics M-60 Modernization Package

     Country of Origin: United States

     Notes: This vehicle does not exist beyond some demonstrator models, though General Dynamics still offers the upgrade package.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: General Dynamics produced a modernization upgrade package in the years before the Twilight War, and with storm clouds on the horizon, many countries that already used the M-60A3 purchased the package and had their vehicles fitted with it. The upgrade package consists of new armor, a more powerful engine, better transmission, and improved fire control system with ballistic computer, gun stabilization, and safer ammunition storage. Among the customers were certain units of the US Army National Guard, some of who were still using M-60A3s in the front line role; they called the modified M-60A3 the M-60A3E1. Cost of the upgrade kit is only one quarter the basic cost of the complete vehicle. Ammunition storage is similar to the M-1, in that ammunition hits in the turret do not destroy the vehicle; instead, all the ammunition is destroyed and 50 concussion hits are applied to the crew. The Modernized M-60A2 has lugs for reactive armor (HF, TF, TS).

     Merc 2000 Notes: This vehicle does not exist.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$554,948

D, A

725 kg

56.3 tons

4

18

Passive IR, Thermal Imaging, WL/IR Searchlight

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

128/90

30/21

1420

352

Trtd

T6

TF74Sp TS25Sp TR20 HF92Sp HS18Sp HR12

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+4

Good

105mm M-68 gun, MAG, MAG (L), M-2HB (C)

35x140mm, 1400x30mm, 5700x7.62N, 1000x.50BMG or 850x15.2BRG or 2300x5.56N

 

GIAT AMX-40

     Country of Origin: France

     Notes: The AMX-40 was designed in the early 1980s to be a follow-on to the AMX-30 and AMX-32, with the export market in mind. As such, it has many common features with AMX-30 and AMX-32. Unfortunately, more and more tanks that could out-do the AMX-40 were becoming available on the world market, as a (real-world) cost comparable to the AMX-40. This disparity worsened as time went by; the AMX-40 found no buyers, and by 1990, GIAT no longer offered the AMX-40.

     The AMX-40 has a conventional layout, basically identical to the AMX-32. The turret is large and angular, made for the use of composite and ceramic sandwich armors. The glacis is also designed to use composite armor, and the hull sides have spaced armor skirts. Armament layout is also similar to the AMX-32, with the exception of the use of a 120mm French-designed gun instead of the AMX-32’s 105mm main gun. The 20mm coaxial autocannon is retained, as is the commander’s cupola with a 7.62mm machinegun. The commander’s machinegun is able to be aimed and fired (but not reloaded) from inside a closed cupola. The turret has a large bustle containing 15 rounds of main gun ammunition as well as machinegun and autocannon ammunition. The coaxial autocannon has independent elevation from the main gun. Fire control is essentially the same as the AMX-32, with an advanced (for the time) ballistic computer, laser rangefinder, monitors for the gunner and commander, and a CITS for the commander with his own vision devices and laser rangefinder. An NBC overpressure system is fitted, along with an automatic fire detection and extinguishing system. On each side of the turret is a cluster of six smoke grenade launchers.

    The engine of the AMX-40 was a Poyand V12X supercharged 1100-horsepower diesel, with an upgraded transmission to match. (The best feature of the AMX-40 was its speed and agility.) The suspension is also beefed up over that of the AMX-32, to handle rough terrain as well as aid in stabilizing the main gun for fire on the move and fighting crew fatigue.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: The AMX-40 was in fact mass-produced in the Twilight 2000 timeline – not just for export (it formed part of Spain’s tank force), but to equip the French Foreign Legion as their primary main battle tank.  They were sent to the Middle East with the Foreign Legion, with the Leclercs being retained for European use.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$655,274

D, A

750 kg

43.7 tons

4

24

Passive IR (D), Image Intensification (G, C), Thermal Imaging (G, C)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

156/109

36/29

1100

546

Trtd

T6

TF102Cp  TS42Sp  TR29  HF128Cp  HS30Sp  HR18

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+4

Good

120mm GIAT gun, 20mm GIAT 20mm M-621 autocannon, AAT-F1 (C)

38x120mm, 578x20mm, 2170x7.62mm

 

KADDB Tariq 2

     Country of Origin: Jordan

     Notes: This is a Tariq retrofitted with a kit provided by the US firm Cadillac Gage. The kit converts the Tariq into a low-profile tank with a casemated main gun. The gun has an autoloader and the number of crew is reduced. The crew rides in the hull. The gun is a new Rheinmetall gun. The vehicle is much lighter, has a lower profile, and better performance. The lugs for reactive armor on the hull are retained (HF, HS). As of 2006, this is still an experimental project, hampered by a lack of funding and any real need for the tank by the Jordanian armed forces.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: About 75 of these modifications were carried out before the Twilight War.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$411,724

D, A

550 kg

48 tons

3

17

Passive IR

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

92/64

21/16

1037

207

CiH

T6

TF45 TS34 TR22 HF60 HS13 HR8

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+3

Good

105mm M-68 Gun, MAG

64x105mm, 4750x7.62mm

 

Krauss-Maffei Leopard 3

     Country of Origin: Germany    

     Notes: This vehicle does not exist in real life; it is a product of the imagination of the designers at GDW.

     Twilight 2000 Story: This version of the Leopard 2 was developed at the same time as a number of experimentations with casemated turrets; the same experiments in NATO led to vehicles such as the M-1 Hawk and M-1A3 Abrams IV “Giraffe,” and similar experiments in Russia led to the T-94, T-95, and the Kliver turret.  The Leopard 3’s built (about 65 in all) entered service with the 1st and 10th Panzer Divisions as early as 1993, at first with scout elements, then in regular tank battalions.  They acquitted themselves well in battle, especially when fighting from hull-down positions, but their lack of numbers meant that any losses hurt, and by 2000, they were a bit scarce.  The Leopard 3 has three hatches for the driver, gunner, and commander, all on the front deck. 

     Merc 2000 Story: This vehicle does not exist in the Merc 2000 timeline.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$675,028

D, G, A

500 kg

51.6 tons

3

17

Passive IR, Thermal Imaging

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

181/127

40/25

1200

720

CiH

T6

TF128Cp  TS52  TR32  HF213Cp  HS26Cp  HR16

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+5

Good

120mm Rheinmetall Gun, MG-3 (C)

38x120mm, 4750x7.62mm

 

LIW/Reunart Tank Technology Demonstrator

     Country of Origin: South Africa

     Notes: The Tank Technology Demonstrator is basically a tank awaiting funds. Most of the design work has been completed, but SANDF simply doesn’t have the money to produce or acquire any new tanks.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: Though this South African tank entered series production as the Twilight War picked up, the experimental name stuck (though normally abbreviated to simply the "Tech;" it never received any official designation from the SANDF). The TTD was meant to provide a match for the T-72 tanks that more and more of its neighbors were receiving from the Russians. To this end, an advanced vehicle was designed incorporating composite armor and advanced targeting systems, as well as the ability to use reactive armor. Three versions were designed (in increasing rarity), one armed with a 105mm gun, a 120mm gun, and a 140mm gun. The 140mm-armed version is very rare, perhaps 5 of the total being built with this gun. The TTD features a laser warning system that automatically launches smoke grenades in the path of an incoming laser. Ammunition storage areas feature blow-off panels that protect the crew from an ammunition explosion, and if an ammunition explosion occurs, the vehicle is not destroyed and the crew is not killed, but each member of the crew receives 50 concussion hits.

     Merc 2000 Notes: This program has been shelved indefinitely; the South Africans have instead acquired Sabra tanks from Israel, along with a few Merkava Mk 1s.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

TTD/105

$877,919

D, A

700 kg

56.5 tons

4

20

Passive IR, Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Shielded

TTD/120

$879,855

D, A

700 kg

58.3 tons

4

20

Passive IR, Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Shielded

TTD/140

$935,218

D, A

700 kg

60.6 tons

4

21

Passive IR, Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

TTD/105

143/100

30/20

1600

741

Trtd

T6

TF115Cp TS34Sp TR21 HF144Cp HS24Sp HR13

TTD/120

141/99

30/20

1600

741

Trtd

T6

TF115Cp TS34Sp TR21 HF144Cp HS24Sp HR13

TTD/140

139/98

30/20

1600

741

Trtd

T6

TF115Cp TS34Sp TR21 HF144Cp HS24Sp HR13

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

TTD/105

+4

Good

105mm Gun, MG-4, MG-4 (C)

54x105mm, 2000x7.62mm

TTD/120

+4

Good

120mm Gun, MG-4, MG-4 (C)

48x120mm, 2000x7.62mm

TTD/140

+4

Good

140mm Gun, MG-4, MG-4 (C)

40x140mm, 2000x7.62mm

 

Merkava Mk 5

     Country of Origin: Israel    

     Notes: I have used this designation for an experimental idea for an upgunned Merkava Mk 3.  As far as I know, no prototypes of this form of the Merkava have actually been built, but considerable computer studies have been done.

     Twilight 2000 Notes:  This is a greatly-upgraded Mk 3, with additional armor, a more powerful engine, and larger hull.  The turret controls are all-electrical.  The loader’s hatch in the turret is eliminated, leaving only the commander’s hatch.  The main gun is an L/55 model similar to those being fielded for the Leopard 2A6.  The fire control system is the most advanced available and is capable of tracking even slow-moving aircraft and helicopters.  The rear of the hull has a camera to assist the driver in backing the tank.  Belly armor is increased along with the rest of the armor.  The Merkava Mk 4 is equipped with a countermeasure system similar to that of the Shtora-1 of Russian tanks; when an incoming round is detected, a small missile is fired into the path of the incoming round to intercept it.  This system has 10 such missiles, and they are 25% likely to intercept an incoming main gun round, or 75% likely to intercept an incoming ATGM or rocket launcher round.  The ability to carry passengers is retained; up to 8 may be carried by removing 9 rounds of main gun ammunition per passenger.

     Merc 2000 Notes: Budget problems have delayed deployment until at least 2007.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$988,582

D, A

700 kg

65 tons

4

22

Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

184/129

40/30

1400

584

Trtd

T6

TF190Cp  TS42Sp  TR27  HF237Cp  HS30Sp  HR17

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+5

Good

140mm gun, MAG, MAG (C), MAG (L), 60mm C-06 Mortar

84x120mm, 10000x7.62mm, 30x60mm

 

Omsk Transmash Obyekt 640 Chyorny Oryol (Black Eagle)

     Country of Origin: Russia    

     Notes: Obyekt 640, more commonly known by the Western translation of its name, “Black Eagle,” is a tank with a little mystery behind it.  It’s could be an advanced prototype, a testbed for other tank technologies, a one-time replacement for the T-80 and T-90, or a tank design that failed for technological or budget problems.  It does not, however, appear to be an active design, or something that is going to go into production at this time or in the near future, and its design bureau, Omsk Transmash, declared bankruptcy in 2002 and still in bankruptcy management.  The designs and the prototypes have been sold to KBTM, who build the T-90 series and are developing a new tank for the future.

     The roots of the Black Eagle go back to the late 1980s as a stretched version of the T-80U with a new turret.  Supposedly, the design got even more impetus after Desert Storm in 1991, when the Russians were shocked by the effectiveness of the US Abrams and British Challenger tanks.  A supposed prototype was demonstrated at the VTTV Arms Exposition in Omsk in 1997; however the prototype made only one pass for the viewers, and this was a long way from the reviewing stands.  The turret was covered by several layers of camouflage netting that effectively obscured the details of the turret and the Black Eagle was moving fast. The prototype looked like a standard T-80-type hull with a new turret that had a large bustle and a large gun that some reviewers estimated might be as large as 152mm in caliber. However, this vehicle was instead a T-80 hull with a crude mocked-up turret, one that could traverse the “turret” about 45 degrees in one direction or the other; the “gun” was likewise a fake.

     Another prototype was shown at an arms exposition in Siberia (one that had limited attendance) in mid-1999.  This one did indeed have a stretched T-80U hull with seven roadwheels instead of six, but the turret was still covered with camouflage netting (not quite as thick this time, but it was obscuration enough).  The gun was also 125mm, but the barrel was longer than the standard 2A46 gun and had a thick thermal sleeve.  A few other views here and there (including some with no netting on the turret) since then have revealed the shape of the turret; it has heavy, sloped frontal armor and a large turret bustle, and is mostly squared-off in shape instead of being the dome shape that is traditional for Soviet and Russian-built tanks.  The commander’s and loader’s hatches are widely-spaced, to allow room for the autoloader and the bustle-carried ammunition.  Some technical details are also now known, enough to stat it for Twilight 2000 game use.

     The Black Eagle is a radical departure from traditional Russian/Soviet tank design; notes about the shape of the turret are in the preceding paragraph.  The turret shape also allows for the mounting of main guns of up to 152mm without major modifications to the turret or autoloader.  The hull lengthening appear to have been done partially to allow for more glacis sloping and armor, and to allow the driver’s position to be moved back so the hatch and his vision blocks are not part of the glacis.  The engine power has been described in horsepower from 1250-1800 horsepower; most seem to settle on 1400 or 1500 horsepower, and I have used 1500 horsepower for the stats below.  The engine has been described as either diesel or multi-fuel; I have used diesel below, as the Russians do not seem to use many multi-fuel engines in practice.  The transmission is said to be fully automatic, and the engine and transmission have electronic controls and “helpers” like many modern Western designs.  An APU is sometimes said to be a part of the design, with 1-5kW in range; I have used 2kW below.  The elongated hull may also allow for additional fuel capacity over the T-80 series; the Black Eagle has not yet been seen with extra fuel tanks at the rear.

     Armor protection is heavy, especially in the frontal arc; composite armor in the frontal arc is certain, with a spaced laminate armor sandwich-type armor on the sides.  There are lugs for ERA on the turret front, turret sides, hull front, and hull sides; this ERA is normally the new Kaktus 3rd-generation version.  Another feature is the Arena active protection system.  The Black Eagle has thick side skirts which are probably also of spaced laminate armor. Each crewmember is in his own compartment in the tank and separated by bulkheads from each other, limited collateral casualties.

     At present, the main armament of the newest prototypes of the Black eagle appears to be a version of the standard 2A46M with a longer barrel length and a thermal sleeve (I have used L/60 for the stats below).  Other gun sizes have been discussed with respect to the Black Eagle, including 135mm and 152mm guns; I have included such armament below as a point of conjecture.  The Black Eagle has not been seen with a commander’s machinegun as of yet, but it is probable that one would be provided that could be aimed and fired (and possibly reloaded) from within the turret.  The coaxial is likely to be the standard Russian PKT machinegun.  Smoke grenade launchers have also not yet been seen on the Black Eagle, but it is likely that some would be mounted; I have allowed in the stats a cluster of five on each side.  The main gun is fed by an autoloader like the typical modern Russian tank, but it is a very different system.  Currently, Russian autoloaders use a carousel system, with the ammunition in the floor of the turret; the Black Eagle uses an autoloader in the center of the turret in a tunnel, fed by ammunition in the large bustle, and controlled by the gunner through the use of a computer to select the ammunition type, fuzing, and charges.  The bustle itself holds 30 rounds of 125mm ammunition (or 28 135mm rounds, or 25 152mm rounds) and has blow-out panels a la the M-1 Abrams to protect the crew from an ammunition explosion.  The remaining rounds and any ATGM rounds are carried in armored bins in the floor of the turret and in the hull.  The new autoloader and ammunition arrangement means that the overall height of the Black Eagle could be reduced by almost half a meter.

     Like many modern tanks, the Black Eagle is to be fitted with a Battlefield Management System, which plots positions of friendly and enemy units, logistics points, and sends and receives new orders and information on a continuous basis.  A laser/IR/radar warning system is also provided.

     The Black Eagle may never materialize as a production vehicle, but it does show that at least some designers are thinking about more modern designs.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Black Eagle 1

$955,846

D, A

500 kg

50.5 tons

3

24

Thermal Imaging (G, C), Image Intensification (G, C), Passive IR (D)

Shielded

Black Eagle 2

$944,020

D, A

500 kg

50.3 tons

3

24

Thermal Imaging (G, C), Image Intensification (G, C), Passive IR (D)

Shielded

Black Eagle 3

$956,542

D, A

500 kg

50.5 tons

3

24

Thermal Imaging (G, C), Image Intensification (G, C), Passive IR (D)

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

Black Eagle 1/3

168/118

33/27

1300

691

Trtd

T6

TF171Cp  TS42Sp  TR32  HF214Cp  HS30Sp  HR20

Black Eagle 2

169/119

33/27

1300

688

Trtd

T6

TF171Cp  TS42Sp  TR32  HF214Cp  HS30Sp  HR20

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

Black Eagle 1

+5

Good

125mm L/60gun, PKT, NSVT (C)

43x125mm, 5xATGM, 3750x7.62mm, 1000x12.7mm

Black Eagle 2

+5

Good

135mm gun, PKT, NSVT (C)

40x135mm, 3750x7.62mm, 1000x12.7mm

Black Eagle 3

+5

Good

152mm gun, PKT, NSVT (C)

35x152mm, 3750x7.62mm, 1000x12.7mm

 

TM-810

     Country of Origin: Romania    

     Notes: This vehicle does not exist in real life; it is a product of the Twilight 2000 designers at GDW.  (It is seen in Twilight 2000 publications as the "M-81," but I felt that the designation "TM-810" is closer to a real Romanian designation.)

     Twilight 2000 Notes: Originally an experimental modification of the TM-800, the TM-810 was placed into production in earnest after Romania switched sides to NATO, and needed a tank to combat some of the more advanced Russian and Eastern European designs.  It is essentially a TM-800 chassis topped with a larger turret to house a 120mm Rheinmetall gun.  Though primarily issued to Romanian troops later in the war, about three dozen of these tanks were acquired by US tankers operating in Yugoslavia and southern Romania, and the Americans using the TM-810 were generally pleased with its performance, though not as much as they liked Western tanks. 

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$479,256

D, A

450 kg

45.5 tons

4

14

Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification, WL/IR Searchlight

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

126/88

25/20

1100+380

485

Trtd

T6

TF64Cp  TS25  TR16  HF80Cp  HS18Sp  HR10

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+4

Good

120mm Gun, PKT, NSVT (C)

40x120mm, 3500x7.62mm, 500x12.7mm

 

Uralvagonzavod T-94

     Country of Origin: Russia (Soviet Union)    

     Notes: This vehicle does not exist in real life; it is based on a rumored design for "the next Soviet main battle tank," rumors that started appearing in the late 1970s and persisted until the early 1990s. This tank is the one originally listed in Twilight:2000 as “T-90;” I have altered the designation to take into account the appearance of the real T-90, early versions of which would have made an appearance in the Twilight War.

     During the Cold War, it seems that there was always talk about the “next Soviet battle tank” and the amazing and powerful features it had and how un-killable it was.  This was often due to incomplete information and lack of intelligence about the Soviet’s tanks (and military technology in general) and sometimes disinformation put out by the Soviets themselves.  It was also caused by the tendency during most of the Cold War for Western analysts to overestimate the Soviets’ military technology.  The Western governments during the Cold War also would often deliberately put out overestimates of Soviet technology to spur on military technology that was even better than those overestimates, and to justify high defense expenditures.  (And every so often, the Soviets did actually come up with something that was better than the West had.)  For the most part, however, Soviet military technology, and the amount of effective forces they had, lagged behind intelligence estimates, and Soviet capabilities were usually much less than Western governments publicly stated.

     One of the big buzzwords in the West was about the “Future Soviet Tank” that began circulating in the late 1970s, and intensified in the early 1980s.  The designers of the Twilight 2000 game used some of these reports to devise a fictional Soviet tank called the T-90.  Since it is now known that the T-90 is indeed a real tank (though nothing like GDW’s T-90), I have decided to re-christen it the “T-94.”  The T-94 uses a long, low hull, topped by a low, casemated turret that houses little more than the main gun, the heads of its sights, and part of the autoloader.

     The T-94’s crew all sit in the hull, with the driver in front left of the hull, behind the long, sloped glacis; the commander is on the right side, and the gunner slightly behind those two and in the center.  Due to the design, the commander has no machinegun, though there is a small hatch on the turret roof surrounded by vision blocks that can be used by the commander or gunner if necessary for observation. The vision blocks of this hatch, however, does not have the night vision equipment that the commander’s or gunner’s station has.  The driver has vision blocks in an arc from 30 degrees right to 100 degrees left, and the two center blocks are night vision-capable.  The driver can also use a TV camera in the rear of the hull when backing up.

     The primary armament of the T-94 is a modified form of the gun used by the T-80, called the 2A46-3, with the differences merely being those required for the gun and autoloader to fit inside the T-94’s turret.  The main gun can fire conventional ammunition as well as the 9M119 Refleks (AT-11 Sniper) laser-guided ATGM. The downside of the T-94’s turret design is that the T-94’s gun and coaxial machinegun is capable of almost no depression – it can manage only -1.5 degrees, but this was deemed acceptable due to the T-94’s low silhouette when hull-down.  (The T-94’s lack of depression for its main gun was also the reason that the Soviets did not use the T-94 in mountainous regions.)  The autoloader can handle any sort of ammunition the T-94 is able to fire, including the Reflecks ATGM, and all main gun ammunition on the T-94 is essentially in the autoloader.  The coaxial machinegun’s ammunition is contained in a single container in a continuous-feed belt.  The expended stub of the main gun ammunition is ejected through a small hatch on the right hull side, as is the boot-type adapter for the Reflecks ATGM.  The T-94’s fire control system is almost unbelievable by Soviet standards, including a laser designator, a ballistic computer almost up to Western standards, excellent gun stabilization, advanced night vision and amplified day vision – and all successfully downlinked by fiberoptic cabling to LCD screens in front of the gunner and commander.  The heads for these sights are on the roof of the turret, inside of armored housings, one each for the commander and gunner.  The T-94 also has backup sights and vision devices in front of their positions in the hull that allow for reduced vision and fire control; the commander and gunner can also go to an auxiliary, very cramped gun control position in the turret below the aforementioned hatch as a backup.  If the backup sights in the hull are used, the gunner and commander will only be able to fire the main gun and coaxial in a 30-degree arc in front of the T-94, simply because those sights cannot see in a wider arc; unfortunately, the auxiliary gunner position in the turret is quite difficult to reach from inside of the T-94, virtually requiring that the crewmember be a contortionist.

     The armor suite for the T-94 is advanced, somewhere in sophistication between that of the T-80 and T-94.  The glacis is very elongated and highly-sloped, causing many a shot by enemy weapons to bounce off.  The turret is small, round, and low, not presenting much of a target.  This small turret, however, has a surprising amount of protection.  Atop the turret is mounted the Shtora-1 “soft-kill” active protection system. The Shtora-1 consists of sensors and equipment mounted atop the turret and control systems mounted inside the turret and hull; the primary controls for the Shtora-1 on the T-94 are at the commander’s station.  The Shtora-1 system includes an electro-optical jamming system to jam wire-guided ATGMs (on a roll of 12+ on a d20, the difficulty to the ATGM gunner is increased by one level; outstanding success indicates that the incoming missile pre-detonates before it can hit the T-94).  A laser warning system is also included with the Shtora-1; when the T-94 is being lased by a laser designator, an alarm sounds inside the T-94, and a pair of smoke grenades are automatically launched to help obscure the T-94 to the laser beam.  The laser warning system can also be triggered manually by the commander. The smoke grenades can also be triggered by the gunner manually if he feels it is necessary; the T-94 has six smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret.   The Shtora-1 also includes a pair of IRCM lights (one on the turret on each side of and above the main gun) that emit coded, pulsed IR beams to decoy IR-guided munitions; their effectiveness is the same as listed for the electro-optical jammer above, and both have a 360-degree range of protection, as well as 180-degrees upwards.  They can also temporarily blind IR sights and image intensifiers; this is successful on a roll of 8 on a d20 for IR sights and 5 for image intensifiers.  A computer is provided to tie all of this information from the Shtora-1 and other sensors together.  The T-94 also has lugs for 2nd-generation Kontakt-2 ERA on the glacis and hull sides (the lugs and ERA blocks do not fit on the small turret).  The T-94 is already outfitted to function as a command tank, as it comes standard with a 1kW APU and an extra medium and long-range radio; the T-94 also has a small fire-direction computer to help plot artillery, mortar, and air strikes, and is equipped with an inertial navigation system and a mapping system.

     The T-94 uses a gas turbine engine that is much more reliable than that of the T-80, though it unfortunately still uses a lot of fuel.  The engine and suspension of the T-94 make for a fast and agile tank, and combined with the low silhouette, make the T-94 a difficult target.  The SG-1050 engine develops 1500 horsepower, and can burn diesel (meant to be the primary fuel), gasoline, jet fuel, benzene, and kerosene.  Due to the fuel consumption, the T-94 has the same auxiliary fuel tank capability found on most Soviet tanks since World War 2.

     Like almost all Soviet tanks, the crew accommodations of the T-94 are cramped and best-suited for small soldiers.  The crew has an NBC overpressure system available with a collective NBC backup.  On the turret roof there is a radiac meter along with an optical chemical sniffer to warn the crew of radiation and chemical weapon threats.  Radiation protection on the T-94 is similar to that of the T-80, and is almost total proof against radiation hazards, including a neutron bomb detonation within 300 meters.

     Numbers of the T-94 were never high, with only about 60 being built.  The T-94 was first encountered by scout elements of the 6th Ranger Battalion in the Ukraine in 1996, and was not often seen out side of the Soviet Union, Poland, and Czechoslovakia.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$888,935

D, G, AvG, A

500 kg

51.3 tons

3

21

Thermal Imaging (G, C), Image Intensification (G, C), Passive IR (D)

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor*

162/114

41/26

1200+740

726

CiH

T6

TF100Cp  TS40Sp  TR30  HF200Cp  HS23Sp  HR16

 

Fire Control**

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+4

Good

125mm 2A46-3 Gun, PKT

34x125mm, 6xAT-11 ATGM, 3500x7.62mm

*Armor for the hull floor and hull deck is 12; armor for the turret deck is 12Sp.

**If the auxiliary gun controls at the gunner’s or commander’s station are used, the Fire Control modifier is only +1.

 

Uralvagonzavod T-95

     Country of Origin: Russia (Soviet Union)

     Notes: There is possibly a real a T-95, but details of it have not yet been released, nor have pictures.  (The Black Eagle and the real T-95 may in fact be the same vehicle.) At any rate, this is not the real-life T-95.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: The T-95 tank was begun as a program to design an improved T-80/T-90 tank that would standardize the manufacturing plants, which were producing two different models. The design borrows from the T-80 MBT for its chassis; designs seen in combat were based on the T-80UM (which is equipped with Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA), a more powerful engine, better computerized fire control system, and thermal imaging systems and sights). The major difference is the addition of an automatic loading, low-profile turret that is armed with a 135mm smoothbore cannon, and is NBC-sealed.

     The T-95 has been fitted with an experimental model of the T-90s Shtora-1 Countermeasure system. It is designed to detect the presence of an enemy laser beam (used for targeting); upon detection of a laser beam, it immediately launches a series of smoke charges to obscure the beam.

     The T-95 was first seen in late 1994 by spy satellites of the National Reconnaissance Office, and was first seen in combat in the summer of 1997 by elements of the US 43rd Infantry Division. It is known to be capable of using the AT-11 Reflecks missiles of the T-90, in addition to its normal ammunition, and a special 135mm Thermobaric (fuel-air explosive) round that was designed to be used against light armored vehicles in convoys. The T-95 has picked up the nickname of "Dragon" from NATO troops, due to its ability to cripple and kill foreign-made tank designs.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$491,803

D, G, AvG, A

500 kg

49 tons

3

17

WL/IR Searchlight, Thermal Imaging

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

190/133

40/30

1200+400

844

CiH

T6

TF145Cp TS36 TR24 HF182Cp HS18Sp HR12

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+4

Good

135mm gun, PKT, NSVT (C)

38x135mm, 5xAT-11 ATGM, 1250x7.62mm, 300x12.7mm