M-72

     Nation of Origin: Israel

     Notes: In 1986, Israel converted some of its older Centurion tanks to carry a turret mounting a 155mm howitzer. There were only a few of these conversions, however, as a decision was made to concentrate on the development of a new SP howitzer, the Slammer (q.v.). Those that were converted were placed in reserve status, but these were only a very few.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

M-72 (L/33 Gun)

$285,316

G, A

500 kg

45 tons

5

16

Passive IR

Shielded

M-72 (L/39 Gun)

$300,475

G, A

500 kg

45.4 tons

5

16

Passive IR

Shielded

 

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

M-72 (L/33 Gun)

99/69

20/15

1037

421

Trtd

T6

TF16 TS12 TR8 HF20 HS10 HR6

     M-72 (L/39 Gun)

98/69

20/15

1037

421

Trtd

T6

TF16 TS12 TR8 HF20 HS10 HR6

 

Vehicle

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

M-72 (L/33 Gun)

+1

Basic

155mm L/33 Howitzer, M-2HB (C)

60x155mm, 1400x.50

M-72 (L/39 Gun)

+1

Basic

155mm L/39 Howitzer, M-2HB (C)

60x155mm, 1400x.50

 

T-6

     Country of Origin: South Africa

     Notes: This South African vehicle was designed for the Indian self-propelled howitzer competition. The turret is developed from the turret of the G-6, and the chassis is taken from captured and home-manufactured T-72 chassis. The turret has ammunition-loading hatches on the right and left, and a conveyor belt may be extended from either of these hatches for ammunition loading or direct feeding of the gun from a ground pile. There are two hatches on the roof of the turret. The vehicle is equipped with GPS and a fire control computer for direct laying of the gun, or firing at a target where the location is known.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: When the Twilight War broke out, the remaining prototypes were taken into South African service and production was begun.

     Merc 2000 Notes: After losing in the Indian SP Howitzer competition, one prototype T-6 was placed in a museum, and the rest dismantled.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$404,657

D, A

400 kg

46 tons

6

17

Passive IR

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

117/82

25/20

1000+400

274

Trtd

T6

TF14 TS7 TR7 HF100 HS14 HR8

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+1

Basic

155mm L/52 Howitzer, M-2HB (C)

45x155mm, 550x.50

 

XM-2001 Crusader

     Country of Origin: United States

     Notes: The Crusader is a completely automated system, with the gun and ammunition being aimed, loaded, and fired by remote control. The turret is unoccupied, with the weapons being operated by the crew in the front of the hull. The gun is laid and controlled by computer. The Crusader requires no FDC and its fire control system is totally self-contained, requiring only information from forward observers or reconnaissance aircraft. Accurate fire can begin within three phases of a halt. Rate of fire is vastly improved over normal howitzers, as is armor protection and fire control for direct fire. Note that the turret is only capable of traverse 20 degrees on either side of center, but the vehicle is capable of rapid pivot steers for larger deflection changes. If the turret is penetrated in combat, no crew casualties are possible. The Crusader has become a political football in the budgetary process; the last I heard, it has been cancelled, but this has gone back and forth several times.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: This vehicle does not exist, except for four evaluation vehicles that were used against the Mexicans in Texas.

     Merc 2000 Notes: The Crusader made it through the budgetary process, but the first vehicles were not delivered to operational units until 2008.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$486,432

D, G, AvG, A

850 kg

40 tons

3

15

Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

121/85

25/20

700

242

Trtd

T5

TF13 TS7 TR7 HF16 HS5 HR4

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+3

Fair

155mm L/56 howitzer, M-2HB

60x155mm, 2000x.50

 

XM-2002 Crusader RSV

     Country of Origin: United States

     Notes: These vehicles are issued to units along with the Crusader SPH; they are issued as a set. The Crusader RSV (ReSupply Vehicle) was designed to carry ammunition and fuel for the Crusader SPH and resupply the howitzer in action. It does this through a docking port that hooks onto the Crusader SPH in the rear of the turret. The ammunition is conveyed automatically to the Crusader SPHs magazines, and fuel is transferred to the Crusader's fuel tanks. Ammunition is conveyed at the rate of one round per two phases. Fuel is transferred at the rate of 5 liters per phase. The Crusader RSV has a remote cupola with an M-2HB; as with the SPH, the refueling and rearming process is completely automated and the crew sits in the front of the vehicle under the glacis plate. The Crusader has become a political football in the budgetary process; the last I heard, it has been cancelled, but this has gone back and forth several times.

     Twilight 2000 Notes: This vehicle does not exist, except for four evaluation vehicles that were used against the Mexicans in Texas.

     Merc 2000 Notes: The Crusader made it through the budgetary process, but the first vehicles were not delivered to operational units until 2008.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$574,076

D, G, AvG, A

1 ton

33 tons

3

13

Thermal Imaging, Image Intensification

Shielded

 

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Config

Susp

Armor

121/85

25/20

1400

179

Stnd

T5

HF16 HS5 HR4

 

Fire Control

Stabilization

Armament

Ammunition

+2

Fair

M-2HB

2000x.50, 60x155mm (Rounds Only)