Hellfire

Notes: This is a large, long-range ATGM developed for use by helicopters against armored vehicles. Hellfire is laser-guided, and is actually able to climb out of cover and acquire a target illuminated by a third party. Only one phase of illumination is required for target lock-on. Some Hellfires were produced on an experimental basis as antiradar missiles, with IRFF guidance, and with ICM warheads. These variants are extremely rare. The Hellfire is supersonic and travels 1985 meters per phase. The ground mount is currently used only by Sweden, but other countries are evaluating it.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Hellfire was adapted to vehicular mounts for use on the M-2A3 and M-3A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicles, the Hellfire HMMWV, and some other ground vehicle mounts.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

Hellfire

(Ground Mount) 48 kg; (Missiles) 45 kg

178mm

(AGM-114D) IR Fire and Forget; (AGM-114E) Antiradiation; (AGM-114L) IR/CCD Fire and Forget; (Others) Laser Designation

1985

(Ground Mount) $31280; (AGM-114A/B/C Missile) $1658; (AGM-114D Missile) $6558; (AGM-114E Missile) $3716; (AGM-114F Missile) $8469; (AGM-114K Missile) $8453; (AGM-114L Missile) $19223

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

Hellfire (AGM-114A/B/C Missile)

5

HEAT

200

6000

C31 B45

136C

AVG

Hellfire (AGM-114D Missile)

5

HEAT

200

6000

C32 B45

136C

AVG

Hellfire (AGM-114E Missile)

6

ICMDP

200

7000

B80

Grenade*

ESY

Hellfire (AGM-114F Missile)

5

HEAT-T

200

8000

C37 B60

152C/190C

AVG

Hellfire (AGM-114K Missile)

5

HEAT-T

200

10000

C42 B65

166C/207C

ESY

Hellfire (AGM-114L Missile)

6

HEAT-T-HE

200

10000

C63 B80

182C/227C

ESY

Javelin

Notes: This weapon is an upgraded version of the Tankbreaker ATGM listed in the Twilight 2000 Version 2.2 rules. (The Tankbreaker was an experimental missile that led to the Javelin, but was never actually fielded). While the missile is heavier and more capable, the firing unit is lighter and easier to carry. The firing unit uses thermal imaging for night launches, and incorporates a 9x magnifying sight. Like the Tankbreaker, the Javelin is fire-and-forget and top-attacking. Unlike the Tankbreaker, the warhead is a tandem warhead.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Javelin began to replace the Tankbreaker and Dragon just before the Twilight War in 1995, and a few were exported to friendly countries in Europe and to countries such as South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Israel.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

Javelin

(Launcher) 6.4 kg; (Missile) 15.9 kg

127mm

FLIR Fire and Forget

1000

(Launcher) $6520; (Missile) $8531

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

Javelin

2

HEAT-T-TA

50

2500

C21 B45

116C/146C

ESY

LOSAT

Notes: LOSAT (Line-Of-Sight AntiTank) is due to be adopted around 2005 by NATO as an antiarmor and antiaircraft missile. It will initially be deployed from specially-modified HMMWVs, but may be adapted to other vehicles. The LOSAT is merely a tungsten slug powered by a high-velocity rocket engine, guided by a laser designator or fire-and-forget guidance. It uses its speed to penetrate virtually all armor and catch targets before they can dodge away. The LOSAT is launched from vehicle or aircraft pallets. The LOSAT also has the ability to be fired as an unguided rocket.

Twilight 2000 Notes: Only 22 examples of this weapon were available at the time of the Twilight War; all were deployed to the Middle East.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

LOSAT

(Launcher) Vehicular Launcher; (Missiles) 80 kg

163mm

(LOSAT-1) Laser SACLOS or Designation; (LOSAT-2) CCD Fire and Forget

7620

(Launcher) Vehicular Launcher; (LOSAT-1) $12068; (LOSAT-2) $5968

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

LOSAT-1

19

KEP

30

8800*

110

302/292/248/131*

AVG

LOSAT-2

19

KEP

30

8800*

110

302/292/248/131*

ESY

LOSAT (Any)

19

KEP

0

550**

110

302**

Rocket

*Penetration is 302 at ranges from 30-2200 meters, 292 from 2201-4400 meters, 248 from 4401-6600 meters, and 131 from 6601-8800 meters.

**In the unguided mode, the LOSAT is aimed and fired like a rocket launcher. At this short range, penetration is always 302.

M-47 Dragon Series

Notes: The Dragon was developed in the late 1960s to replace the 90mm recoilless rifle in US service as a MAW (Medium Antiarmor Weapon). Early versions proved to be none too potent against armor, though hundreds were used as bunker busters by the US and Israelis. The Dragon PIP (Product Improvement Program) produced the M47A2 Dragon 2, M-47A3 Dragon 2T, and M47A4 Dragon 3, with the Dragon 2 improving penetration, the Dragon 2T using a heavier tandem warhead, and the Dragon 3 improving range and penetration as well as adding a day/night tracker. The Dragonís missile tube and launcher are disposable, and any tracker can fire any missile type. Though the Dragon 1 and 2 were widely fielded, the Dragon2T and Dragon 3 largely fell by the wayside in favor of the Javelin in the US and the Gill and Spike in Israel.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Dragon 2T and 3 were produced in larger numbers than in the Notes; they were deployed mostly in the Continental US and in Canada.

Merc 2000 Notes: All four of these missiles were produced, but the 2T and 3 ended up mostly in Third World countries, and most stocks of the Dragon 1 and 2 were also sold off after the fielding of the Tankbreaker, and later the Javelin.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

Dragon 1

(Sight Unit) 6.2 kg; (Missile) 14 kg

127mm

Wire SACLOS

445

(Sight Unit) $1650; (Missile) $228

Dragon 2

(Sight Unit) 6.97 kg; (Dragon 2 Missile) 15.4 kg, (Dragon 2T Missile) 16.16 kg

127mm

Wire SACLOS

435

(Sight Unit) $2650; (Dragon 2 Missile) $236, (Dragon 2T Missile) $553

Dragon 3

(Sight Unit) 12.2 kg; (Dragon 3 Missile) 23.8 kg

127mm

Wire SACLOS

435

(Sight Unit) $3650, (Missile) $339

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

Dragon 1 (M-47A1)

1

HEAT

65

1000

C16 B40

83C

AVG

Dragon 2 (M-47A2)

1

HEAT

65

1000

C19 B45

129C

AVG

Dragon 2T (M-47A3)

3

HEAT-T

65

750

C24 B50

103C/129C

AVG

Dragon 3 (M-47A4)

3

HEAT

65

1500

C19 B45

133C

AVG

Predator

Notes: This is a short-range ATGM designed for use in street fighting. It is designed to partially supplement the M-136 and M-72 rocket launchers, and provides a much superior weapon to either of those weapons. The Predator can be fitted with either an HEDP anti-bunker warhead (in which case it is known as the MPIM-SRAW or Predator-AB), or the standard top-attack EFP warhead. The missile comes pre-packed and is disposable. As of 2003, the Predator is being deployed in small numbers in the US, and the British, Norwegians, Israelis, and South Africans are looking at it.

Twilight 2000 Notes: This weapon began to equip US Army and Marines in 1997, and was rather rare in the Twilight War.

Merc 2000 Notes: Predator largely fell victim to budget cuts in the early 2000s.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

Predator

(Launcher/Missile) 9 kg

140mm

IR Fire and Forget

1500

(Launcher/Missile) $5828

Predator-AB

(Launcher/Missile) 9 kg

140mm

IR Fire and Forget

1500

(Launcher/Missile) $7924

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

Predator

0

EFP-TA

17

600

C20 B65

111C

ESY

Predator-AB

0

EFP-FRAG-HE

17

600

C22 B80

48C

ESY

Shillelagh

Notes: An ATGM used in the 152mm gun/missile system of the M-60A2 and M-551 tanks. The Shillelagh is fired through the gun tube of the M-551 Sheridan (the M60A2 being long out of service) and uses IR guidance. There are significant disadvantages to the Shillelagh, such as its high minimum range, the tendency for the Sheridanís gun tube to crack after a large amount of Shillelagh launches (possibly as few as 100) unless using the MGM-51C version of the missile, and the tendency of the guidance system to lose track of the missile altogether. The first version of the Shillelagh is the MGM-51A, the MGM-51B increased range by 50%, but is longer and heavier; the MGM-51C is essentially identical to the MGM-51B is, but eliminates the gun barrel cracking and guides more reliably. With the removal of Sheridans from the 82nd Airborne, the Shillelagh also passed out of service.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Sheridans put in a spectacular performance during the Twilight War, and the crews partially credit the Shillelagh for that. Most Shillelaghs used during the Twilight War were MGM-51Cís.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

Shillelagh

(Launcher) NA; (MGM-51A Missile) 28.6 kg, (MGM-51B/C Missile) 29.6 kg

152mm

IR SACLOS

1645

(Launcher) NA; (MGM-51A Missile) $1544, (MGM-51B/C) $2548

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

Shillelagh (MGM-51A)

5

HEAT

730

4000

C23 B50

144C

FOR

Shillelagh (MGM-51B/C)

5

HEAT

730

6000

C27 B50

159C

AVG

Superdragon

Notes: This is the ultimate version of the M-47 Dragon ATGM series. Its day/night tracker is equipped with active/passive IR, and the tracker has digital electronics and test equipment that allows the user to test and repair many problems without special equipment. The missile has a tandem warhead with an increased propellant charge that allows it to defeat reactive armor and achieve greater range. The Superdragon tracker may fire all types of Dragon missiles. This missile fell victim to missiles with newer technology and lower cost.

Twilight 2000 Notes: This missile was not used much by the US, Israel, and most other countries formerly using the Dragon, as in most of those cases the Dragon was replaced by missiles such as Tankbreaker, Javelin, Predator, NT-S Spike/NT-G Gill, and other newer weapons. However, it was widely marketed in the Second and Third World, and was diverted to US and Canadian military use after the Mexican invasion of the Southwestern US and Russian Invasion of Alaska and Western Canada.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

M-47A5 Superdragon

(Sight Unit) 13.39 kg; (Missile) 11.21 kg

127mm

Wire SACLOS

870

(Sight Unit) $2650, (Missile) $478

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

Superdragon

2

HEAT-T

65

2000

C21 B45

121C/151C

AVG

TOW Series

Notes: The TOW (Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided) is the standard heavy ATGM in nearly 20 nations. It is also used to arm dozens of APCs and tank destroyers, as well as helicopters. The TOW system has been continually updated since its first use in Vietnam in the early 70s; the newest versions are state-of-the-art. Differences between TOW versions are mostly in the missile, although launching equipment has been lightened. TOW-1 is the basic version, and can fire only TOW-1, TOW-1A, or I-TOW missiles; all other launchers can fire all types of missiles except the TOW-3 (only a TOW-3 launcher may fire that missile). There is no dedicated I-TOW ground mount launcher. The TOW-2 and TOW-3 launchers add a thermal imager as well as miniaturizing some of the electronics.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

TOW-1

(Launcher) 87.5 kg; (TOW-1 Missile) 18.5 kg; (TOW-1A, I-TOW Missiles) 19 kg

127mm

Wire SACLOS

1000

(Launcher) $2220; (TOW-1 Missile) $384, (TOW-1A Missile) $392, (I-TOW Missile) $399

TOW-2

(Launcher) 93 kg; (TOW-2 Missile) 21.4 kg; (TOW-2A and 2B Missiles) 22.6 kg; (TOW-2C Missile) 23.1 kg; (TOW-BLAAM Missile) 27.8 kg

152mm

Wire SACLOS

1000

(Launcher) $3960; (TOW-2 Missile) $427, (TOW-2A Missile) $481, (TOW-2B Missile) $922, (TOW-2C Missile) $770, (TOW-BLAAM Missile) $1319

TOW-3

(Launcher) 87 kg; (TOW-3 Missile) 24.5 kg

152mm

IR Fire and Forget

1000

(Launcher) $6760, (TOW-3 Missile) $8986

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

TOW-1 (BGM-71A)

3

HEAT

65

3000

C16 B40

104C

DIF

TOW-1A (BGM-71B)

3

HEAT

65

3750

C16 B40

104C

AVG

I-TOW (BGM-71C)

3

HEAT

65

3750

C16 B40

114C

AVG

TOW-2 (BGM-71D)

4

HEAT

65

3750

C23 B50

134C

AVG

TOW-2A (BGM-71E)

5

HEAT

65

3750

C27 B50

135C/169C

AVG

TOW-2B (BGM-71F)

5

EFP-T-TA

65

3750

C23 B70

147C/184C

AVG

TOW-2C (BGM-71G)

5

HEAT-T-TA

65

3750

C30 B55

147C/184C

AVG

TOW-3 (BGM-71H)

5

EFP-T-TA

65

3750

C23 B70

155C/194C

ESY

TOW-BLAAM (BGM-71TBD)

7

EFP-HEDP

65

3750

C35 B70

96C

ESY

Viper

Notes: The XM-132 Viper was an early attempt at a Guided LAW (a very lightweight, disposable antitank missile). It is basically a rocket from an M-72 series LAW rocket equipped with a guidance package and a slightly larger, more effective warhead. As a first attempt, it was not too bad an effort, but the technology at the time it was designed (early 1980s) did not allow for a reliable guidance package in such a small missile. XM-132 missiles are therefore 25% likely to miss, even if the firerís roll to hit indicates a successful hit on the target. As it was, the project was shelved as being not possible with the technology of the time.

Twilight 2000 Notes: A later version, the M-132A1, does not have the problem with accuracy that the XM-132 has. Special operations liked the Viper, especially the M-132A1, but it was never produced in large quantities, and the small warhead meant that it was not very effective against even moderately-armored vehicles.

Weapon

Weights

Missile Caliber

Guidance

Missile Speed

Prices

XM-132 Viper

(Launcher/Missile) 5.73 kg

70mm

IR Fire and Forget

1000

(Launcher/Missile) $6151

M-132A1 Viper

(Launcher/Missile) 5.73 kg

70mm

IR Fire and Forget

1000

(Launcher/Missile) $6151

Weapon

Reload

Round

Min Range

Max Range

Damage

Pen

Difficulty

XM-132 Viper

0

HEAT

50

635

C6 B25

70C

FOR

M-132A1 Viper

0

HEAT

50

635

C6 B25

77C

AVG