Il-28 Beagle

Notes: Designed shortly after World War 2, the Beagle was built in huge numbers by Russia and China, with over 6000 built. They are a very basic sort of combat aircraft with a minimum of avionics, and today’s fighter-bombers easily outperform it. The bomb bay may hold 2 tons of the total weapons load; the two wingtip hardpoints may only be used for special 335-liter drop tanks designed especially for it. The Beagle is not capable of aerial refueling. The tail gunner does not have an ejection seat.

Twilight 2000 Notes: By the Twilight War, only about 500 of this number remained in active service, primarily with Middle Eastern and African nations, and air forces such as those of Vietnam and Cuba.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$2,435,114

AvG

3 tons

21.2 tons

3

26

Radar

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

1004

451 (130)

NA 113 4/2 40/20

6780

2913

12300

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Radar Warning Receiver

835/760m Hardened Runway

+1

2x23mm Autocannons (Front), 2x23mm Autocannons (Rear), Bomb Bay, 2 Hardpoints

750x23mm

MiG-27 Flogger

Notes: This is the tactical strike variant of the MiG-23 interceptor. The MiG-27 has a three-position swing-wing; in the forward position, handling characteristics are as shown (this is the normal position for strike configuration), but maximum speed is Tr Mov 450 and Com Mov 620. If wings are in mid-sweep, maximum speed is Tr Mov 605 and Com Mov 830, but minimum speed is 160, Agl is -2/-1, and Turn is -20/-10. If wings are in full sweep, maximum speeds are as shown, but minimum speed is 200, Agl is -3/-2, and Turn is -30/-20. It takes one phase to change sweep by one setting; during this phase, the plane may only fly level or be in a shallow dive and no weapons may be fired or launched. There is a more advanced version of this aircraft, the Flogger-J; this aircraft has added avionics and night vision. This aircraft is used by Russia, India, and Iran.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Flogger-D (Early)

$705,102

AvG

4 tons

20.3 tons

1

28

None

Enclosed

Flogger-D (Late)

$808,909

AvG

4 tons

20.4 tons

1

28

None

Enclosed

Flogger-J

$3,724,147

AvG

4 tons

16.3 tons

1

30

Radar, Image Intensification

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Flogger-D

3744

936 (130)

NA 234 8/4 80/40

6000

7872

14000

Flogger-J

3744

936 (120)

NA 234 8/5 80/50

6000

7872

14000

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Flogger-D (Early)

Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers

700/500m Hardened Runway

+2

GSh-6-30 Autocannon, 7 Hardpoints

260x30mm

Flogger-D (Late)

All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers

700/500m Hardened Runway

+3

GSh-6-30 Autocannon, 7 Hardpoints

260x30mm

Flogger-J

All Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Laser Designator, ECM

700/500m Hardened Runway

+3

GSh-6-30 Autocannon, 7 Hardpoints

260x30mm

SU-7 Fitter

Notes: This elderly ground-attack aircraft first flew in the 1950s. It remains in service with many Third-World countries that were former Soviet client states. Its highly swept wings do not lend themselves to maneuverability, and its underpowered engine does not give it high speed or good cargo capability. The aircraft has an ejection seat, but is not capable of in-flight refueling.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$551,377

AvG

2.5 tons

13.5 tons

1

22

None

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

3376

844 (150)

NA 211 5/3 50/30

4260

6892

15150

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver

905/950m Hardened Runway

+1

2x30mm autocannons, 9 hardpoints

140x30mm

Su-17 Fitter-D/Su-22 Fitter-F

Notes: The Su-17 Fitter is basically an SU-7 Fitter equipped with variable geometry wings and a more powerful engine. The Fitter-D is capable of nuclear delivery, and has a higher weapons load. The swing wing has two positions, fore and aft, for low or high speeds. The wing sweep may be changed only when the aircraft spends 4 phases or more in straight-line or minimal turn rate flight. Unless the wings are swept, the maximum combat speed is 585; but if the wings are swept, minimum speed is 150 and all agility ratings are -1 and turn rates are -20/-10. The aircraft has an ejection seat, but is not capable of in-flight refueling.

The Su-22 Fitter-F is an improved, export version of the Su-17. The same swing-wing restrictions of the Su-17 apply to the Su-22. The Fitter-F has greater internal fuel coupled with a more efficient engine, thus having greatly-improved range. It also has improved avionics.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Fitter-D

$570,914

AvG

4.25 tons

19.5 tons

1

28

None

Enclosed

Fitter-F

$4,103,365

AvG

4.25 tons

19.5 tons

1

30

Radar

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

(Both)

2800

700 (110)

NA 175 7/4 70/40

6360

4645

15200

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Fitter-D

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver

905/950m Hardened Runway

+2

2x30mm autocannons, 9 hardpoints

300x30mm

Fitter-F

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver, Terrain-Following Radar

905/950m Hardened Runway

+3

2x30mm autocannons, 9 hardpoints

300x30mm

Su-24 Fencer

Notes: This is the one of the Russian's primary strike aircraft. It is also in use by several former Russian republics, Iran, Libya, and Syria. It is a medium bomber in the same class as the US F-111. The Fencer is capable of delivering nuclear weapons. The aircraft has ejection seats and is capable of in-flight refueling. The Fencer has a variable geometry wing with auto sweep features.

Twilight 2000 Notes: Many tragic mistakes resulted from this aircraft’s resemblance to the F-111; so much so that many aircraft of these types were mistakenly shot down by both sides.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$5,576,740

AvG

8 tons

36 tons

2

52

FLIR, Radar

Shielded

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

2624

656 (110)

NA 164 6/2 60/20

13200

12206

17000

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver, Deception Jamming, Active Jamming, HUD, TFR, Laser Designator, Auto Track

1305/945m Hardened Runway

+3

2x30mm autocannons, 9 hardpoints

140x30mm

Su-25/Su-39 Frogfoot

Notes: This is the Russian counterpart of the A-10, being a dedicated ground attack aircraft. In addition to Russia, the Frogfoot is operated by Afghanistan, Angola, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Peru. This aircraft was first used in combat in Afghanistan, and was greatly feared by Allied armor crews during the Twilight War. The pilot has an ejection seat, and the aircraft is capable on in-flight refueling.

The Su-39 (also known as the Frogfoot-B) is a development of the Frogfoot using lessons learned from the War in Afghanistan. Russia had about two-dozen of this development of the Su-25 at the start of the Twilight War. It is a two-seat trainer with the rear seat removed and replaced with additional fuel and avionics, and a radar set is carried in a pod beneath the fuselage. The cannon has been increased to 6 barrels for a greater fire rate, and ammunition supply has been increased. Armor in the fuselage has been increased. IR suppression has been achieved through cooling intakes in the upper fuselage and a new center body that masks hot turbines.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Su-25

$919,387

AvG

4.4 tons

18.6 tons

1

32

None

Enclosed

Su-39

$3,123,018

AvG

 

4.4 tons

19.2 tons

2

34

Radar, FLIR

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Su-25

1888

472 (100)

NA 118 6/3 60/30

6600

8853

7000

Su-39

1888

472 (100)

NA 118 6/3 60/30

7000

8853

7000

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Su-25

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver, Laser Designator, Armored Fuselage

1200/600 Primitive Runway

+3

AO-17A 30mm-2 Autocannon, 8 Hardpoints

250x30mm

Su-39

Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, ECM, HUD, Target ID, Laser Designator, IR Suppression, Armored Fuselage

1200/600 Primitive Runway

+4

GSh-30-6 Autocannon, 8 Hardpoints

400x30mm

Su-34 Flanker-F

Notes: This widened, two seat version of the SU-30MK was meant to replace the SU-24 Fencer in Russian service, but it was introduced just prior to the war and few were built. It is an advanced weapons-delivery platform, with the improvements of the SU-30MK, and terrain following radar. The SU-34 also has a rear radar/radio/designator pod, and may fire missiles and weapon rearward at enemy aircraft and positions. This rear radar has a limited search arc and strength, but is mainly for defensive purposes. The bulbous profile of the Flanker-F has less streamlining and less speed than the SU-30MK. The crew has ejection seats and the aircraft is capable of in-flight refueling. The two wingtip hardpoints may only be used for AAM or electronics pods.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$10,671,072

AvG

8 tons

44.36 tons

2

29

Radar, FLIR, Image Intensification

Shielded

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

4970

1242 (115)

NA 311 9/7 90/70

11470

11721

19800

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, ECM, Auto Track, HUD, Look-Down Radar, IR Uncage, Track While Scan, Secure Radios. Terrain Following Radar, Laser Designator

750/700m Hardened Runway

+4

GSh-301 30mm Autocannon, 12 Hardpoints

800x30mm

Tu-16 Badger

Notes: There were at least 22 variants of this medium bomber built. In particular, the variants designed to carry specific large cruise missiles, such as the Tu-16K series, were no longer in use, because the primitive cruise missiles were replaced by later weapons that could be carried in conventional bomb bays. These models were either scrapped or modified into other versions. Other versions were made for conventional bombing, long-range search and rescue, long-range reconnaissance, electronic warfare, refueling, and UAV launching. Not all of these are detailed here; the Tu-16A is the standard bomber, the Tu-16RM-2 is for long-range reconnaissance, and the Tu-16Ye is an electronic intelligence (ELINT) aircraft, the Tu-16P is an electronic warfare aircraft (Wild Weasel). Besides Russia, the Badger is used by Iraq and China.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Tu-16A

$22,261,938

AvG

9 tons

75.8 tons

6

51

Radar, RLR

Shielded

Tu-16RM-2

$26,845,278

AvG

2.72 tons

74.19 tons

6

55

Radar, RLR

Shielded

Tu-16Ye

$28,154,480

AvG

1.5 tons

72.6 tons

6

57

Radar, RLR

Shielded

Tu-16P

$28,256,828

AvG

1 ton

72.6 tons

6

55

Radar, RLR

Shielded

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Tu-16RM-2

1984

496 (120)

NA 124 5/3 50/30

43800

6720

12300

Others

1984

496 (120)

NA 124 5/3 50/30

42400

6720

12300

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Tu-16A

All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (80), ECM

1675/2045m Hardened Runway

+2

2x23mm Autocannons (Front, Rear, Belly, Dorsal), Bomb Bay

6000x23mm

Tu-16RM-2

All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (80), ECM, Still Cameras (5), Video Cameras (3), Look-Down Radar, Synthetic Aperture Radar

1675/2045m Hardened Runway

+2

2x23mm Autocannons (Front, Rear, Belly, Dorsal), 2 Hardpoints

6000x23mm

Tu-16Ye

All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (80), ECM, Radar Detectors, Radio Detectors, ELINT gear, Recording Gear, Still Camera, Video Camera

1675/2045m Hardened Runway

+2

2x23mm Autocannons (Front, Rear, Belly, Dorsal), 2 Hardpoints

6000x23mm

Tu-16P

All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (300), ECM, Deception Jamming, Chaff Rockets (20), Corridor Chaff Pods (2), IRCM

1675/2045m Hardened Runway

+2

2x23mm Autocannons (Front, Rear, Belly, Dorsal), 2 Hardpoints

6000x23mm

Tu-22 Blinder

Notes: This supersonic medium bomber was designed as a counter to the US B-58 Hustler, just coming into service at the time (1959). Few were in use by Russia during the Twilight War, most of them having replaced by the Backfire, but hundreds were in use by other countries, most notably by Iraq, and Libya, as well as a few by Syria. The variants depicted here are the Blinder-A bomber and the Blinder-C maritime armed reconnaissance aircraft; the Blinder-B is a variant specially-modified to carry the huge Kitchen cruise missile, the Blinder-D is a trainer, and the Blinder-E is a dedicated long-range reconnaissance aircraft.

Twilight 2000 Notes: Most Russian examples used during the Twilight War were reconnaissance models or tankers. Due to their poor maneuverability, they were easy pickings for enemy fighters and SAMs.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Blinder-A

$27,458,467

AvG

12 tons

84 tons

4

51

Radar, RLR

Shielded

Blinder-C

$48,303,608

AvG

4.5 tons

84.1 tons

4

53

Radar, RLR, MAD, Image Intensification

Shielded

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Blinder-A

3002

750 (135)

NA 188 3/2 30/20

(A) 51480

10438

13300

Blinder-C

3002

750 (135)

NA 188 3/2 30/20

128705

10438

13300

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Blinder-A

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (20), Radar Warning Receiver

1445/1765m hardened Runway

+2

23mm Autocannon (R), Bomb Bay

1000x23mm

Blinder-C

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (20), Radar Warning Receiver, Sonobuoys (100), Look-Down Radar, Deception Jamming, Inertial Navigation

1445/1765m hardened Runway

+3

23mm Autocannon (R), Bomb Bay

1000x23mm

Tu-22M Backfire

Notes: Mistakenly referred to by NATO sources as the Tu-26 for many years, the correct designation is Tu-22M, because the Backfire is in fact a highly-modified Tu-22 Blinder. The differences include the variable-geometry wings, engines of much higher power that are relocated to the fuselage, avionics that are vastly improved, and improved weapon delivery systems. There were several variants, including the standard bomber, cruise/antiship missile carrier, and long range reconnaissance variant. The bomb bay may hold up to 14.5 tons in the Tu-22M1 and Tu-22M2, and 18 tons in the Tu-22M3.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Tu-22M1

$19,933,665

AvG

24 tons

125 tons

4

67

Radar, RLR

Shielded

Tu-22M2

$24,101,245

AvG

24 tons

126 tons

4

70

Radar, RLR, MAD

Shielded

Tu-22M3

$29,406,846

AvG

24 tons

130 tons

4

74

Radar, RLR, SLAR, Image Intensification

Shielded

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Tu-22M1

3574

894

NA 223 5/3 50/30

87000

27680

13000

Tu-22M2

3874

969

NA 242 6/4 60/40

87000

29986

13000

Tu-22M3

3974

994

NA 248 6/4 60/40

90000

30555

13000

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Tu-22M1

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (30), Radar Warning Receiver, ECM, Terrain Following Radar, Laser Designator, Auto Track

1445/1765m Hardened Runway

+2

2x23mm Autocannons (Rear), Bomb Bay, 6 Hardpoints

2000x23mm

Tu-22M2

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (30), Radar Warning Receiver, ECM, Terrain Following Radar, Laser Designator, Auto Track, Chaff Rockets (8), IRCM, Inertial Navigation

1390/1700m Hardened Runway

+3

2x23mm Autocannons (Rear), Bomb Bay, 6 Hardpoints

2000x23mm

Tu-22M3

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (30), Radar Warning Receiver, ECM, Terrain Following Radar, Laser Designator, Auto Track, Chaff Rockets (8), IRCM, Inertial Navigation, Deception Jamming, Secure Radios, Look-Down Radar, Target ID

1325/1620m Hardened Runway

+4

2x23mm Autocannons (Rear), Bomb Bay, 6 Hardpoints

2000x23mm

Tu-160 Blackjack

Notes: This Russian heavy bomber is similar in appearance to the US B-1B Lancer, but is much larger and is a less-efficient design, requiring more fuel. Though designed in the late 1970s, the first flight did not take place until 1981. They were generally equipped with the best avionics the Russians could offer at the time.

Twilight 2000 Notes: In the Twilight War, they were used as low-level penetration bombers ion long-range missions in a similar manner to the B-1B (they were even seen over the Continental US on some occasions).

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$36,407,972

AvG

40 tons

275 tons

4

75

Radar, RLR, SLAR, Image Intensification

Shielded

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

4416

1104 (120)

NA 276 4/2 40/20

196045

53031

15500

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers (50), Chaff Rockets (10), ECM, IRCM, Deception Jamming, Active Jamming, Terrain-Following Radar, Track While Scan, Inertial Navigation, Radar Warning Receiver, Secure Radios, Target ID, Look-Down Radar

1730/2115m Hardened Runway

+4

2 Bomb Bays

None

Yak-130

Notes: This Russian aircraft is used as an advanced operational trainer and light attack aircraft. It was designed to replace the L-29/L-39/L-59 series of aircraft in Russian and Czech service, and also had some orders from Italy. The controls are fly-by-wire and very responsive, and the Yak-130 is maneuverable enough to be used as an aerobatic stunt plane. The Yak-130 can use both Eastern and Western weapons.

Twilight 2000 Notes: As it was not introduced into service until early 1995, it is a rather rare aircraft. In Italian service, the Yak-130 is often armed with AIM-9 Sidewinders and Maverick missiles.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$301,968

AvG

3 tons

9.5 tons

2

14

None

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

2074

519 (110)

NA 130 9/5 70/50

2165

4328

13000

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers

495/450m Hardened Runway

+2

7 hardpoints

None