Alpha Jet

Notes: This is an aircraft that is a trainer during peacetime and a light strike aircraft during wartime. It is used by Belgium, Egypt, France, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar, Togo, Portugal, Germany, and Cameroon. The aircraft's two-seat version is used as a trainer or FAC aircraft, but during wartime strike missions, the back seat is removed and replaced by an electronics suite that gives it a radar warning receiver and ECM. Of its five hardpoints, only the wings' 4 hardpoints may be used for drop tanks. The fuselage station is normally used by a gun pod, as the aircraft has no internal guns, but it may be used for other stores.

The Alpha Jet ACAS adds a laser rangefinder in a modified nose, as well as inertial navigation and a computerized attack system. The Alpha Jet 2 uses a more powerful engine and is capable of a-to-air combat with heat-seeking missiles. The Alpha Jet Lancier (Also known as the Alpha Jet 3) adds radar, a multifunction display, a laser rangefinder, an internal cannon, and integral smart munition delivery capability, as well as expanding air-to-air combat capability. German aircraft use the Mauser autocannon, while French Lanciers use the DEFA autocannon.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Alpha Jet E

$503,657

AvG

2.5 tons

8 tons

2

10

FLIR

Enclosed

Alpha Jet A

$1,654,181

AvG

2.5 tons

8.09 tons

1

12

FLIR

Enclosed

Alpha Jet ACAS

$1,695,173

AvG

2.5 tons

8.11 tons

1

12

FLIR

Enclosed

Alpha Jet 2

$1,753,226

AvG

2.55 tons

9.02 tons

1

12

FLIR

Enclosed

Alpha Jet Lancier

$5,638,074

AvG

2.55 tons

10.34 tons

1

16

FLIR, Radar

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Alpha Jet E/A/ACAS

2000

500 (130)

NA 125 6/3 60/30

2160

1368

13700

Alpha Jet 2/Lancier

2061

515 (130)

NA 129 6/3 60/30

2160

1568

13700

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Alpha Jet E

None

550/495m Hardened Runway

+2

5 Hardpoints

None

Alpha Jet A

Radar Warning Receiver, ECM

550/495m Hardened Runway

+2

5 Hardpoints

None

Alpha Jet ACAS

Radar Warning Receiver, ECM, Inertial Navigation

550/495m Hardened Runway

+3

5 Hardpoints

None

Alpha Jet 2

Radar Warning Receiver, ECM, Inertial Navigation, HUD

550/495m Hardened Runway

+3

5 Hardpoints

None

Alpha Jet Lancier

Radar Warning Receiver, ECM, Inertial Navigation, HUD, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, IR Uncage, Laser Designator

550/495m Hardened Runway

+4

5 Hardpoints, 1x27mm Mauser or 30mm DEFA

300x27mm or 30mm

AMX

Notes: This is a joint project of Italy and Brazil. It was designed to replace the G.91 in Italian service and to provide a high-speed attack capability to Brazilian forces. The aircraft has a day-night capability and is very stable at low speeds as well as high speeds. Brazilian aircraft have two 30mm cannons, while Italian versions have a 20mm Vulcan. The two wingtip hardpoints may only be used for air-to-air missiles or drop tanks.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Brazilian

$3,134,601

AvG

3.8 tons

12 tons

1

20

Radar

Shielded

Italian

$3,092,492

AvG

3.8 tons

12.95 tons

1

20

Radar

Shielded

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

(Both)

1828

457 (130)

NA 114 8/4 50/25

4175

2760

15200

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Brazilian

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, ECM, Secure Radios, All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver

1178/982m Hardened Runway

+3

2x30mm DEFA, 7 Hardpoints

400x30mm

Italian

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, ECM, Secure Radios, All-Weather Flight, Radar Warning Receiver

600/500m Hardened Runway

+3

20mm Vulcan, 7 Hardpoints

400x20mm

AV-8B Harrier II

Notes: The Harrier is a VSTOL multirole aircraft able to perform as both a fighter and attack aircraft. It is used by Britain, the US Marines, Italy, India, and Spain. It has a raised cockpit for superior visibility, a composite material wing for lightness and strength, and a redesigned nose with air-to-air/ground radar. The aircraft has an ejection seat and is capable of in-flight refueling. When performing VIFF flight, the Harrier has an especially high heat signature, and attacks with heat-seeking missiles are one level easier. VSTOL flight may only be performed by removing 2.4 tons from the cargo capacity or fuel of the Early Model or 1.1 tons from the Late Model.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Early Model

$4,244,842

AvG

6 tons

14.06 tons

1

30

Radar

Enclosed

Late Model

$4,746,773

AvG

6 tons

14.06 tons

1

34

FLIR, Radar

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Early Model

1845

462

NA 116 9/5 60/40

4200

6577

15200

Late Model

2118

530

NA 133 9/5 60/40

4200

7629

15240

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Early Model, USMC

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver

450/16m (VSTOL) or 450/505m (Conventional) Primitive Runway

+2

25mm GAU-12/A, 9 Hardpoints

300x25mm

Early Model, Non-USMC

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver

450/16m (VSTOL) or 450/505m (Conventional) Primitive Runway

+2

2x25mm ADEN, 9 Hardpoints

200x25mm

Late Model

All-Weather Flight, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver, Inertial Navigation

450/16m (VSTOL) or 450/505m (Conventional) Primitive Runway

+3

25mm GAU-12; 9 hardpoints

300x25mm

Hawk

Notes: The Hawk is a trainer and light strike aircraft used by the UK, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Finland, Indonesia, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, Zimbabwe, Australia, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Canada, and South Africa. It is also used by the US Navy as a trainer (the T-45 Goshawk). It is an unsophisticated, but cheap aircraft, with a limited capability. The fuselage hardpoint is normally fitted with a gun pod, since the Hawk has no internal gun.

Twilight 2000 Notes: In the Twilight War, the US Navy modified some T-45 Goshawks for the strike role. Other countries often used 2-seat Hawks as FAC aircraft.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Hawk 50

$167,643

AvG

3.08 tons

5.7 tons

2

8

None

Enclosed

Hawk 100

$497,845

AvG

3 tons

9.1 tons

2

12

FLIR

Enclosed

Hawk 200

$1,725,575

AvG

3 tons

9.1 tons

1

12

Radar, FLIR, Image Intensification

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Hawk 50

2076

519 (135)

NA 130 9/5 60/40

2400

2314

15240

Hawk 100

2076

519 (135)

NA 130 9/5 60/40

2400

2534

13545

Hawk 200

2034

509 (135)

NA 127 9/5 60/40

2400

2534

13715

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Hawk 50

None

550/495m Hardened Runway

+1

5 Hardpoints

None

Hawk 100

Radar Warning Receiver, Laser Designator

550/495m Hardened Runway

+3

5 Hardpoints

None

Hawk 200

Radar Warning Receiver, Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Laser Designator

550/495m Hardened Runway

+4

2x25mm ADEN, 7 Hardpoints

200x25mm

IAR-93B/J-22 Orao

Notes: This is a strike aircraft jointly produced by Romania and Yugoslavia. The factory in then-Yugoslavia (now Bosnia) was dismantled in 1992 and never reassembled after that, but the Romanian factory continued to produce Oraos. This is a light aircraft with a limited weapons load, but it is cheap and easy to produce. There is also an unarmed variant with cameras for reconnaissance. An unusual feature of this aircraft is its ability to fire only two cannons at a time, if desired; this is normally done to conserve ammunition.

Twilight 2000 Notes: The Romanian factory manufacturing the Orao (and some other aircraft) was put out of action permanently by air strikes in 1999.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$440,552

AvG

2.8 tons

11.08 tons

2

11

None

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

2040

510 (115)

NA 128 9/5 90/50

3240

2224

12500

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

None

950/600m Hardened Runway

+1

4x23mm Autocannons, 5 Hardpoints

400x23mm

Jaguar

Notes: This is an attack aircraft produced by an international effort of France and Britain. It is also used by Ecuador, India, Nigeria, and Oman. Two of its seven hardpoints are unusual; they are on top of the wing, to be used by air-to-air missiles. Three of its hardpoints may be used for drop tanks in addition to weapons. Two seat versions of this aircraft exist. This aircraft was a standout in the 1991 Gulf War and in Indian attacks on Kashmir and Kurdistan. Though they were supposed to be replaced by the Eurofighter 2000 (Typhoon), the continual delays and budgetary problems with the Typhoon program mean that the Jaguar still keeps soldiering on. The pilot has an ejection seat, and the aircraft is capable of in-flight refueling.

Vehicle

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

Mk 804 Engines

$918,610

AvG

4.76 tons

15.7 tons

1

20

None

Enclosed

Mk 811 Engines

$928,417

AvG

4.76 tons

15.7 tons

1

20

None

Enclosed

Mk 106 Engines

$955,412

AvG

4.76 tons

15.7 tons

1

22

None

Enclosed

Vehicle

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

Mk 804 Engines

3398

850 (140)

NA 212 8/4 80/40

4200

4720

13700

Mk 811 Engines

3524

881 (140)

NA 220 8/4 80/40

4200

4899

13700

Mk 106 Engines

3874

969 (140)

NA 242 8/4 80/40

4200

5393

13700

Vehicle

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

(All)

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver, Secure Radios, Laser Designator

1250/785m Hardened Runway

+2

2x30mm autocannons, 7 hardpoints

300x30mm

K-8 Karakorum

Notes: This basic trainer/light attack aircraft is a joint product of China and Pakistan. Pakistan built large numbers of them and used them in conflicts against Indian forces throughout the Twilight War. Like most aircraft of its class, it is an unsophisticated aircraft with a light weapon load, being primarily a trainer with secondary strike capability.

Twilight 2000 Notes: China only began ordering the K-8 just before the Twilight War, and few were available to Chinese forces.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$167,427

AvG

943 kg

4.33 tons

2

10

None

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

1590

398 (100)

NA 99 6/3 60/30

1855

1598

13600

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

None

440/400m Hardened Runway

+1

23mm autocannon, 4 hardpoints

200x23mm

Tornado IDS

Notes: This is the strike version of the Tornado multirole aircraft. It was a joint venture of Germany, Britain, and Italy, and is in service with those countries and with Saudi Arabia. The Tornado is a variable geometry aircraft with automatic sweep; the wings change their angle of sweep in response to changes in airspeed. The crew has ejection seats and the aircraft is capable of in-flight refueling. Up to 4 of its hardpoints may be used for drop tanks.

Price

Fuel Type

Load

Veh Wt

Crew

Mnt

Night Vision

Radiological

$6,395,577

AvG

9 tons

27.95 tons

2

36

Radar, FLIR, Thermal Imaging

Enclosed

Tr Mov

Com Mov

Mnvr/Acc Agl/Turn

Fuel Cap

Fuel Cons

Ceiling

4676

1169 (130)

NA 292 9/6 90/60

8000

4316

19800

Combat Equipment

Minimum Landing/Takeoff Zone

RF

Armament

Ammo

Flare/Chaff Dispensers, Radar Warning Receiver, Deception Jamming, HUD, IR Uncage, TFR, Look-Down Radar, Track While Scan, Laser Designator, ECM

760/500m Hardened Runway

+4

2x27mm autocannons, 9 hardpoints

400x27mm